Wars fought around the world increased tension between the U.S. and U.S.S.R. China Korea
A civil war was fought between COMMUNISTS & NATIONALISTS. The U.S. supported the nationalists because they opposed communism. The NATIONALISTS were often brutal and corrupt.
Eventually the COMMUNISTS, Led by Mao Zedong, won. Nationalists led by Chiang Kai- Shek, fled to Taiwan. Was a failure of containment. Scared America. Led to growing fear of communism in the U.S., and anger that it was not stopped. Intense reaction in the United States!!!
KOREA After WWII, Korea was occupied by the USSR and the U.S. The Country was divided at the 38 th parallel. The Soviets created communist North Korea. The U.S. created democratic South Korea.
KOREAN WAR North Korea attacked the South. The United Nations sent 520,000 troops (90% American) to help the South. The war see-sawed back and forth. China invaded (with 300,000 troops) to help the N. Koreans. At one point general MacArthur recommended attacking China and using the Atomic Bomb. President Truman fired MacArthur. Read pg 617.
Korean War facts… The first Armed clash of the Cold War Over 3 million people died in the Korean War. The Korean War is sometimes called The Forgotten War. This is because it occurred right after World War II and right before the Vietnam War. The Korean War often gets overlooked. 16 Nations sent forces to fight in the Korean War. The Peace Talks lasted 2 years and 17 days. 575 meetings had to take place before an agreement was made. That agreement kept the dividing line at the 38th parallel. United States forces started integration during the Korean War, due to much needed support. Black and Whites worked together for the first time. Technically the War is still going on, since no agreement officially ended it.