Presentation on theme: "Anthropology Introduction and Vocabulary What is Anthropology? Anthropology – is the social science that studies the origin of man and development of."— Presentation transcript:
What is Anthropology? Anthropology – is the social science that studies the origin of man and development of culture. Anthros- Human Logos- Study Of… Culture is all that humans learn from the moment of birth and most of their actions during the course of a lifetime.
Do all anthropologists study the same thing? SocioCultural Anthropology The social and cultural diversity of now and the recent past. The rules that govern diverse peoples lives. Archaeology Study of the customs/way of life of people no longer living- How do they do this? Anthropological Linguistics Study history, structure, and function of language. What do they do in the field? Physical anthropology Study our biological diversity and evolution. What would they study?
More About The… Physical Anthropologist Concerned with our species, homo sapiens, and its place in evolutionary history What they study is: The evolution of our species Fossil and skeletal evidence, thus knowledge of biology, paleontology, and zoology are very important to their studies They study our biological diversity…our genetic code and differences between individuals.
More About The… SocioCultural Anthropologist Studies humans in their present form and the recent past. What they study is… Social, political, and economic anthropology of a group. The Socio aspect looks at group organization. The Cultural aspect looks at beliefs, practices, and values of different groups. Background in Sociology, Political Science, and Economics are important to this study.
Methods of Anthropological Research Field work- describes observable facts found on sites, where first hand observation is possible- Again… what would Physical Anthropologists look for? Thus field work observes facts and establishes connections among facts which allows for making generalizations based on evidence
Methods of Anthropological Research Participant Observation-When one lives among a culture, tries to become one of them- does not study the culture from research or by doing surveys Cross-Cultural Comparison- An examination of the varied ways a certain aspect of human life is treated in different cultures
Why Study Anthropology?? To deepen your understanding of humans and their accomplishments over history To better understand human development To better understand about other cultures
Why is it important to understand more about other cultures? Studying anthropology helps to eliminate racism, encourage tolerance or acceptance and promote peaceful solutions to problems