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What caused the Great Depression? Unbalanced foreign trade overextended personal debt-easy credit uneven distribution of income Who was affected? Nearly.

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What caused the Great Depression? Unbalanced foreign trade overextended personal debt-easy credit uneven distribution of income Who was affected? Nearly.

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Presentation on theme: "What caused the Great Depression? Unbalanced foreign trade overextended personal debt-easy credit uneven distribution of income Who was affected? Nearly."— Presentation transcript:

1 What caused the Great Depression? Unbalanced foreign trade overextended personal debt-easy credit uneven distribution of income Who was affected? Nearly Everyone

2 What is happening here? What do you see? How would you title this photo?

3 What is happening here? What do you see? How would you title this photo?

4 What is happening here? What do you see? How would you title this photo?

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6 What is happening here? What do you see? How would you title this photo?

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8 Arkansas Squatter's Shack in California during the Great Depression

9 Fear, Anxiety, unknowing…what is he thinking? How does he feel?

10 And him?

11 What is happening here? What do you see? How would you title this photo?

12 In 1960, Lange gave this account of the experience: I saw and approached the hungry and desperate mother, as if drawn by a magnet. I do not remember how I explained my presence or my camera to her, but I do remember she asked me no questions. I made five exposures, working closer and closer from the same direction. I did not ask her name or her history. She told me her age, that she was thirty-two. She said that they had been living on frozen vegetables from the surrounding fields, and birds that the children killed. She had just sold the tires from her car to buy food. There she sat in that lean- to tent with her children huddled around her, and seemed to know that my pictures might help her, and so she helped me. There was a sort of equality about it. (From: Popular Photography, Feb. 1960). Dorothea Lange (American) ) Migrant Mother, 1936, Photograph

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16 What caused the Great Depression? Unbalanced foreign trade overextended personal debt-easy credit uneven distribution of income Who was affected? Nearly Everyone

17 Hawley-Smoot Act an act signed into law on June 17, 1930, that raised U.S. tariffs on over 20,000 imported goods to record levels. Many countries retaliated with their own increased tariffs on U.S. goods, and American exports and imports plunged by more than halfJune U.S. tariffs

18 Roosevelts First Hundred Days Pass legislation to get people back to work create jobs Calm the fears of his fellow Americans So first of all, let me assert my firm belief that the only thing we have to fear is fear itself – nameless, unreasoning, unjustified terror which paralyzes needed efforts to convert retreat into advance FDRs 1933 Inaugural Speech

19 provided jobs for single men housed in camps across the U.S.

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21 promoted cooperation among businesses

22 National Recovery Act

23 Work Progress – WPA – Posters - a massive public works program employing artists, teachers, writers, etc…

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25 Grant Wood Stone City American Gothic

26 FDR signing the Social Security Admn. Legislation into Law – a pension system for retired workers

27 Labor woes – striking workers during the Great Depression. Wagner Act – ensured workers right to form unions and bargain collectively

28 United States v. Butler The Court found the Act unconstitutional because it attempted to regulate and control agricultural production, an arena reserved to the states

29 Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States A unanimous Court found this to be an unconstitutional delegation of legislative authority.

30 Panama Refining Co. v. Ryan, The ruling was the first of several which overturned key elements of the Administration's New Deal legislative programNew Deal

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32 ''nine old men'' of the Supreme Court, and the famous ''switch in time that saved nine.'' ''pack'' the court-that is, to add one new justice for each one over 70, on the flimsy excuse that the nine justices were overworked (a plan made possible by the fact that the Constitution does not specify how many justices the court should have).

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38 Rural Electrification

39 Norris Dam

40 Modern Conveniences the stove top/oven


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