2 Chapter 12 Vocabulary Words Fjords- steep u-shaped valleys that connect to the sea and that filled with seawater after glaciers melted. Uplands- hills or low mountains that may also contain mesas and high plateaus. North Atlantic drift-a current of warm water from the tropics, flows near europe’s west coast
3 Landforms and Resources Major PeninsulasScandinavian – Norway and SwedenJutland -DenmarkIberian –Spain and PortugalItalian -ItalyBalkan –Adriatic, Mediterranean, Aegean Sea’s
4 Major Mountains Alps Pyrenees Stretch across France, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Austria and Northern BalkansPyreneesBorder between France and Spain
6 Major RiversRhine –flows south to north from the Alps bordering Switzerland , through Germany and entering the North Sea through the NetherlandsDanube –cuts through the heart of Europe from West to East, linking Europe to the Black Sea
7 Resources Europe is known for the following resources: Petroleum CopperIron oreLeadSilverUranium and Zinc
8 Climate of Europe North Atlantic Drift Mistral Sirocco Current of warm water from the tropicsMistralCold, dry wind from northSiroccoHot, steady wind from North Africa (this is why the Mediterranean Sea is so warm)
10 Human Environment Interaction Waterways for Commerce: Venice’s CanalsBuilders sunk wooden pilings into the ground to help support the structures above. The city is gradually sinking due to compressions of these pilings and rising sea levels.