Unions formed NLU- National Labor Union Made up of 13 independent iron worker unions. Refused membership to African Americans.
So… CLNU (Colored National Labor Union) African American were often used as strikebreakers (scabs).
Knights of Labor (1880s) Open to all regardless of race, gender or skill. Wanted an 8 hour workday. Tried to avoid strikes. Preferred ARBITRATION. –Settlement of a dispute by an impartial third party.
AFL- The American Federation of Labor Craft Unionism- A group of many trade unions. (skilled workers. Why is it easier for them to strike if skilled. Led by Samuel Gompers. Used strikes Focused on Collective bargaining.
Eugene V. Debs Turned to Socialism as a solution to worker problems. The government would control business and property and distribute wealth equally. Socialism results in the overthrow of capitalism. It threatens the wealthy and business owners. He is often arrested, and is in jail on on election day when he ran for President.