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AP ART HISTORY’S GREATEST HITS

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Presentation on theme: "AP ART HISTORY’S GREATEST HITS"— Presentation transcript:

1 AP ART HISTORY’S GREATEST HITS

2 Paleolithic Venus of Willendorf 28,000- 25,000 BCE Characteristics:
Served as fertility image. No facial features Ball-like shapes

3 Neolithic Landscape with Volcanic Eruption 6150 BCE Characteristics
World’s 1st landscape This mural is the 1st depiction of a place devoid of both humans and animals

4 Old Kingdom Egypt Khafre 2520-2494 BCE Characteristics Diorite
Rigidly uptight Flawless body Idol Proportions Bilaterally Symmetrical Houses the “Ka”

5 New Kingdom Egypt Akhenaton 1353-1335 BCE Characteristics
Long face, full lips, and curves Far cry from the proportional figures of the pharos

6 Sumerian Victory Stele of Naram-Sin 2254-2218 BCE Characteristics
Godlike sovereignty the kings claimed King is bigger than everyone else 1st time the King appears as a god in Mesopotamian art

7 Assyrian Lamassu 720-705 BCE High relief Characteristics
5 legs makes this a conceptual picture

8 Persian Head of a Sasania King (Shapur II) 350 BCE Characteristics
Suggests the splendor of Sasanian dynasty Repousse

9 Minoan Bull Leaping 1450-1400 BCE Characteristics Bull  Elongated
Women have fair skin, Man has dark skin

10 Cycladic Figurine of a Woman 2500-2300 BCE Characteristics
Triangles dominate Emphasis on breasts Fertility goddess (?)

11 Mycenaean Lion Gate 1300-1250 BCE Characteristics
Capped with a huge lintel Above lintel is corbelled arch Relieving triangle

12 Archaic Greek Sculpture
Kouros 600 BCE Characteristics Life-size, nude, young men are kouroi and life-size, clothed, young women are korai Emulates the stance of Egyptian statues Foot advanced Nude  Perfect body

13 Archaic Greek Architecture
Temple of Hera I 550 BCE Characteristics Doric Temple Peripteral Colonnade

14 Classical Greek Sculpture
Kritios Boy 480 BCE Characteristics Contrapposto Broke the rule of frontality

15 Classical Greek Architecture
Parthenon BCE Characteristics Perfect proportions in Doric temple design Doric columns

16 Hellenistic Greek Sculpture
Seated Boxer BCE Characteristics Heavily Battered, defeated veteran Nose broken, teeth missing Appealed to the emotions Realism

17 Etruscan Sarcophagus of Lars Pulena Early 2nd Century Characteristics
Somber- Symptomatic of economic and political decline of the once mighty Etruscan city-state                                              

18 Roman Sculpture Equestrian Statue 175 CE Characteristics
Superhuman grandeur and larger than a normal human Shows mercy

19 Roman Architecture Pantheon 118-125 CE Characteristics Oculus
Temple of all the gods Influential Concrete

20 Early Christian Architecture
Mausoleum of Galla Placidia 425 CE Characteristics Cruciform Longitudinal

21 Byzantine Architecture
Hagia Sophia CE Characteristics Mystical Quality of light that floods the interior Central Dome                                         

22 Byzantine Painting Virgin (Theotokos) and Child
Late 11th Century to Early 12th Century Characteristics Virgin of Compassion Mary- Long nose and long fingers

23 Hiberno-Saxon Book of Kells, Chi-Tho-Io Late 8th or Early 9th Century
Characteristics Elaborately Decorated Illuminations

24 Carolingian Saint Matthew Folio Recto 800-810 CE Characteristics
Deft illusionist brushwork Color and modulation of light and shade to create shapes

25 Ottonian Column with relief's illustrating the life of Christ
CE Characteristics Narrative Similar to the column of Trajan

26 Romanesque Architecture
St.- Sernin, Toulouse CE Characteristics: Pilgrimage Church Geometrically precise Simple ratios Groin vaults

27 Romanesque Sculpture King David 1180-1190 CE Characteristics
Absent weight Shift Freestanding in a niche

28 Gothic Architecture Notre-Dame 1180-1200 CE Characteristics
Stained glass oculi Flying buttresses

29 Gothic Sculpture Saints Martin, Jerome, and Gregory. Jamb statues
CE Characteristics Break rigid vertical lines Drapery falls softly Features: Distinctive personality revealed in faces

30 Gothic Painting Belleville Breviary 1325 CE
Three dimensional architectural setting Convincing Perspective Close observation of the natural world

31 Ancient Japan Amida Triad 710 Characteristics Simple and iconic
Became a major trend Indian sensuality surfaces in this work Smooth brush strokes

32 Ancient China Travelers Among Mountains and Streams Early 11th Century
Characteristics 1st masters of the recording of light, shadow, distance and texture Intricate details

33 Islam Dome of the Rock 687-692 Characteristics
1st great achievement of Islamic architecture Octagonal dome Interior is vivid and colorful

34 Ancient North America Incised Shell Gorget 1250-1300 CE
Characteristics Running Warrior Composite profile Elaborate headdress Gifts to the dead

35 Ancient Mesoamerica Colossal Head 900-400 BCE Characteristics
Human body Great ruler and exhibits power

36 Ancient South America Raimondi Stele 1st Millennium BCE
Characteristics Represents “staff god” Multiplicity and dual readings God transforms before the viewer’s eye Core aspect of Andean religion

37 Ancient Africa Nok Head 500-200 Characteristics
Flaring nostrils and triangle eyes are unique to Nok art African culture liked heads

38 Ancient India Shiva as Nataraja 1000 Characteristics
Nataraja means Lord of the Dance Portable image Dwarf that she is standing on represents ignorance

39 Early Renaissance Sculpture
Saint Mark by Donatello Characteristics Contrappasto 1st with voluminous drapery Stirring limbs

40 Early Renaissance Painting
Tribute Money by Massacio 1427 Characteristics Narrative Light is coming from a specific source Chiaroscuro Vanishing Point Aerial Perspective Distance

41 High Renaissance Sculpture
David by Michelangelo Characteristics Formal references to classical antiquity Compositionally and emotionally connected to an unseen presence Head turned to show pent up energy

42 High Renaissance Painting
Mona Lisa by Da Vinci Characteristic Chiaroscuro and atmospheric perspective Smoky sfumato means softened edges Unrecognizable landscape makes it mysterious

43 Renaissance Architecture
Capitoline Hill designed by Michelangelo 1537 Characteristics Organized units symmetrically around a central/ unique axis Trapezoid plane Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius


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