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Even with Anti tank cannons and a main fortress every 5 kilometers, there was an undeniable flaw! The line went from Belgium to Switzerland.

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Presentation on theme: "Even with Anti tank cannons and a main fortress every 5 kilometers, there was an undeniable flaw! The line went from Belgium to Switzerland."— Presentation transcript:

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11 Even with Anti tank cannons and a main fortress every 5 kilometers, there was an undeniable flaw! The line went from Belgium to Switzerland It was a mistake! Maginot Line Built as protection from Germany

12 Battle of Dunkirk German Forces pound English and French forces back to the coast All available boats (Battle ships, Merchant vessels, Fishing boats, row boats, dinghy's, and anything that will float) pick up French and British soldiers who retreat. 338,000 Allied soldiers are rescued

13 Nazi soldiers march through Paris France surrenders June, 1940

14 Allied Invasion of Africa: Operation Torch El AlameinEl Alamein El Alamein British Victory November 42 By Monty Allied invasion Nov 42 By Ike May 43

15 EL ALAMEIN Oct.-Nov.1942 British Victory DEFEATED GERMAN GENERAL ROMMEL the Desert Fox, prevented from capturing Suez Canal TURNING POINT FOR WAR IN AFRICA Fighting in Africa November 1942-May 1943 Allied troops landed in Algeria and Morocco Germans driven out of N Africa by May 1943

16 Invasion of Italy After victory in Africa, the Allies conquered Sicily and moved into Italy Allies landed south of Rome at Anzio, fought for four months and broke through German defenses in April 1945

17 Invasion of Soviet Union Invasion of Soviet Union Stalingrad- Hitler was obsessed with conquering this city named after Stalin Germans suffered under harsh winter conditions, Russians counterattacked and surrounded German army ***Turning point in the war in the East

18 Stalingrad /2/43 Key city leading to oil rich lands in south As soon as Stalingrad won, Soviets surround city, cut off supply lines Cold and starving, German troops fought until 2/2/43surrendered Defeat marks a major turning point

19 OPERATION OVERLORD Invasion of mainland of Europe, essential to winning the war Hitler expected it at Calais, but the coast was heavily defended

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21 INVASION OF NORMANDY JUNE 6, 1944 OMAHA BEACH GERMANS THOUGHT NORTH OF SEINE STAYED CONFINED UNTIL JULY 24

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23 D-Day Allies establish a foothold Within a few weeks –Million troops –566,648 tons of supplies –171,532 vehicles in France Allies push through France 8/25/44 Paris Liberated

24 U.S. soldiers landing on Omaha Beach Going over the top D-Day

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27 BATTLE OF THE BULGE DEC JAN LAST GERMAN OFFENSIVE VITAL SEAPORT: ANTWERP BULGE IN LINES 100,000 GERMAN CASULATIES 800 tanks lost Largest battle in Western Europe

28 Battle of the Bulge Belgium, France, Luxemburg 12/16/44 Germans last offensive Wanted to reach Antwerp and force Allies to negotiate peace German Defeatmarks the end of serious German resistance 81,000 US casualties 1,400 British, 800 tanks

29 The End of the War in Europe By 1945, Soviets surround Berlin Hitler commits suicide April 30, 1945 Germany signs an unconditional surrender on May 7, 1945 V-E DayVictory in Europe May 8 th Russians place Hammer and Sickle on the Reichstag

30 American soldiers taking Paris May 1945

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32 War in the Pacific Pearl Harbor »Sunday, December 7, 19417:55 A.M. »Japan attacks Pearl Harbor »Ends American Neutrality »Devastates the American fleet »8 battleships, 3 cruisers, »hundreds of planes »2,400 killed

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35 War in the Pacific Pearl Harbor a day that will live in infamyFDR On the same day, Japanese bombers struck American airfields in the Philippines, Wake Island, and Guamkey American bases December 8, 1941FDR declares war on Japan December 11, 1941Axis powers declare war on USCongress declares war on Germany and Italy

36 Philippines When 12/7/41-4/9/42 Who: Japanese vs. Filipino and American troopsMacArthur What: 12/7/41Japanese strike and quickly take Manila (capital) –Allies must retreat to the Baatan Peninsula –Allies surrender 4/9/42 –Bataan prisoners (sick and starving) forced to march to prison camps 60 miles away.

37 Philippines After 4 months of fighting, the Filipino and American soldiers surrendered to the Japanese 76,000 soldiers became prisoners of war and were marched 60 miles to a prison camp, at least 20,000 died along the way in the famous Bataan Death March

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39 Battle of Coral Sea First naval battle carried out entirely by aircraft. The enemy ships never even came into contact with each other May 7, 1942 Strategic Allied victory halted the Japanese advance on Australia

40 BATTLE OF MIDWAY JUNE 3-6, 1942 CONSTANT 2-DAY BATTLE First major Japanese defeat OVER 185 JAPANESE SHIPS lost

41 Battle of Midway What: a strategic attempt by Japan to shut off US supply lines Results: US stopped the Japanese and changed the direction of the war –U.S. loses only 2 ships –Protects Hawaii –US takes offensive

42 Mac Arthur returning to Philippines

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45 Guadalcanal8/42-2/43 Who: US vs. Japan Where: Island near Australia one of Solomon Islands What: One of the most vicious campaigns –Japanese put up a fierce resistance –US has superior air and naval power Results: –First time US land troops defeat Japanese –Americans are able to secure the island

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47 Iwo Jima February-March 1945 Island off the coast of JapanJapanese soil –Longest sustained aerial offensive of the war –More marines sent than in any other battle –100,000 men fighting on an island the 1/3 the size of Manhattan –Japanese fought from below groundAllies rarely saw a soldier –The battle was won inch-by-inch Volcanic island deeply entrenched

48 Iwo Jima Results: US win –Provides a link in the chain of bomber bases –By the wars end, 2,400 B-29 bombers and 27,000 crewmen made emergency landings. –4 marines raising US flag

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50 Okinawa Casualties –US12,500 killed; 36,000 wounded –Japan93,000 troops killed; 94,000 civilians killed (many killed themselves) Kamikazessuicide pilots –Crashed planes loaded with explosives –Sank 30 US vessels

51 The End of the War in the Pacific With most of Japans air force and navy destroyed, B-29s pounded Tokyo and other cities Japanese refuse to surrender Potsdam Declaration issued: –If you dont surrender you face prompt and utter destruction

52 The Atomic Bomb Truman decides to use the bomb 8/6/45Hiroshima –70,000 killed 8/9/45Nagasaki –40,000 killed Thousand injured Many more die from radiation August 15, 1945Japan surrendersV-J Day

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54 Truman and the Bomb Truman decides to use the Bomb because –Invading Japan would mean up to 1,000,000 more casualties –Anti-Japanese sentiment is strong in the U.S. August 6, 1945 Enola Gay drops uranium bomb on Hiroshima August 9, 1945 Plutonium bomb dropped on Nagasaki

55 VICTORY IN JAPAN Japanese surrender aboard U.S.S. Missouri

56 Costs of the War 40 million died American casualties –332,000 dead; 800,000 wounded Soviet Union –Over 20 million deaths

57 Iwo Jima

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