Soldiers Return Home G.I. Bill- School tuition, loans for homes, money to live on. Having money for homes led to a housing shortage. Suburbanization- people moved to the suburbs. Why?
Racial violence erupted in the South. African Americans (especially soldiers) demanded their rights. President Truman supported civil rights but wasnt supported by Congress. He integrated the armed forces.
At the same time big changes happen. TV- 9% of homes in % of homes in % of homes in Shows like Milton Berle, I Love Lucy, Mickey Mouse and Howdy Doody. Tended to idealize white America.
Movies changed Used gimmicks, 3D, Smellovision, Gigantoscreen, drive ins. Why?
Radio changed. Focused more on news music weather and sports. Geared toward people in cars rather than in homes.
SUBCULTURE The Beat Movement Beats, Beatniks. Valued nonconformity Rebelled against Sameness and order. (WWII) Ginsburg, Kerouac and others.
ROCK and ROLL Was long a popular form of African American Music. Became accepted by white communities in the 1950s. Popular songs were re- released by White artists, sometimes at the same time. Why?
But while they were portraying the perfect America, and fearing communism… THE OTHER AMERICA Chapter 19 Sec. 4
Not everyone lives life the way it is portrayed on T.V. By 1962 ¼ of America lived below the poverty level. Social programs are weak because of the fear of communism. WHITE FLIGHT- –Middle class whites left the city for the suburbs. –Poor blacks from the South moved to the cities. –Cities= less taxes and less businesses. Cities struggled to deal with the crisis. People attempted urban renewal but it mostly failed.
Other groups struggled too… Mexican Americans struggled with the same urban decay as A.A. Native Americans- Termination policy. So to sum up: America is faced with many problems and struggles to find the solutions. Fear of communism doesnt help. People ignore social concerns.