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Presentation on theme: "SEAFOOD."— Presentation transcript:


2 Careers in Seafood Raw Shellfish Preparer Fish Hatchery Attendant
Cleans and prepares shellfish for serving customers Fish Hatchery Attendant Performs a combination of tasks to trap and spawn game fish, incubate eggs, and rear fry in a fish hatchery Net Fisher Catches finfish, shellfish, and other marine life alone or as a crewmember on shore or aboard fishing vessels using a variety of equipment.

3 Alaska is the largest producer of shellfish in the United States?
Did You Know??? Alaska is the largest producer of shellfish in the United States?

4 Nutritional Values of Seafood
Included in the Meat & Beans category of the Food Guide Pyramid Most people should consume between 5 and 7 ounces of fish per day One serving of fish is about 3 ounces

5 Nutritional Values of Seafood
Excellent source of complete protein Fewer calories, saturated fat and cholesterol than red meat Contain the vitamins A and D

6 Nutritional Values of Seafood
Contain the minerals phosphorus, iron, calcium and iodine Iodine – prevents swelling of thyroid gland called goiter Omega-3 fatty acids found in fish may reduce the risk of heart attack or stroke

7 Voluntary program by the National Marine Fisheries Service
Inspection of Seafood Voluntary program by the National Marine Fisheries Service Inspected fish carry a round inspection seal

8 Most fish in retail markets is U.S. Grade A.
Grading of Seafood Grades determined by: Appearance Odor Flavor Lack of defects Grade A Top quality Uniform in size Good flavor Few defects Grade B Not uniform in size and some defects Grade C Nutritious, but less attractive Most fish in retail markets is U.S. Grade A.

9 Buying Seafood The amount to buy depends on the kind and form
Fish fillets generally cost more than whole fish because they require more handling Local fish are less expensive than shipped fish Only buy from reputable sellers Fish should be stored on beds of ice in covered cases

10 Guidelines for storing seafood
Highly perishable Refrigerator: Store in a tightly wrapped container in the coldest part of the refrigerator and use within a day or two Freezer: wrap in moisture-proof and vapor-proof material Canned: store in a cool, dry space. Refrigerate unused portions

Finfish Fins and backbones Shellfish Shells instead of backbones

12 Finfish Often called “FISH”
Lean Fish Very little fat White flesh…often called white fish Types of lean fish: Swordfish Haddock Cod Fat Fish Fattier than lean fish Flesh is pink, yellow or gray in color Types of fat fish Mackerel Catfish Salmon

13 Fresh Finfish Fresh fin fish should have a stiff body, tight scales, and firm flesh. Gills should be red Eyes should be bright and bulging A finger pushed into the flesh should leave no indentation The outside should have little or no slime The smell should be fresh

14 Forms of Finfish Whole Drawn Dressed Fish Steaks Fish Fillets
Also known as round As it comes from the water Must clean before cooking Drawn Has entrails (insides) removed Dressed Has entrails, head, fins, and scales removed Fish Steaks Cross-sectional slices taken from dressed fish Fish Fillets Sides of the fish cut lengthwise away from the backbone


16 Frozen Finfish Drawn fish, dressed fish, fish steaks, and fillets can be purchased frozen Frozen fish should be Solidly frozen In moisture proof wrapping In vapor proof wrapping No discoloration Little odor

17 Guidelines to cooking finfish
Internal temperature should reach 145o Naturally tender so cook for a short period of time Undercooked fish may contain bacteria Overcooked fish is tough and dry Cooking done when flesh is firm and flakes easily with a fork Flesh will lose the translucent appearance and will become opaque

18 Methods of cooking finfish
For fat fish use dry heat methods: Broiling Under direct heat source Grilling Directly over hot coals Baking To prevent drying…brush with oil or sauce For lean fish use moist heat methods: Frying Coat with bread crumbs/batter Fry in small amt. of oil Poaching Cooking fully submersed in simmering liquid Steaming Similar to poaching…use less liquid

19 Shellfish Mollusks Crustaceans
Soft bodies that are partially or fully covered by hard shells Types of Mollusks: Oysters Clams Scallops Crustaceans Covered by crust like shells and have segmented bodies Types of Crustaceans: Shrimp Lobster Crabs

20 Shellfish Did You Know??? Shrimp and oysters are the most important shellfish in the United States in terms of the amount eaten!

21 Shellfish MOLLUSKS

22 Shellfish Oysters Live Oysters Can be purchased Shucked Oysters
live in the shell Fresh or frozen shucked Canned Packaged according to size Live Oysters Tightly closed shells Shells that close quickly when touched Shucked Oysters Plump Creamy in color Odorless

23 Shellfish Clams Available Shucked clams should be…
Live in the shell Fresh or frozen shucked Canned-packaged according to size Shucked clams should be… Plump Odorless Creamy colored The shells of live clams should be tightly closed or should close when touched

24 Shellfish Scallops Two varieties available
Tiny bay scallops Creamy white or pink in color Larger deep sea scallops White in color Cannot buy scallops in the shell Available fresh or frozen Whole body is edible…commonly in the U.S. only the large muscle used to close the shell is eaten!

25 Shellfish CRUSTACEANS

26 Shellfish Shrimp Marketed by size Many varieties
Most sold without the head and thorax You may need to peel away the outer shell Before cooking, remove intestinal tract called deveining Marketed according to the number needed to weigh 1 pound Marketed by size Jumbo, large, medium, small Frozen shrimp may be purchased uncooked or cooked and either peeled or unpeeled When purchasing…look for shrimp that’s odorless with firmly attached shells

27 Shellfish Lobster Dark, blue-green when removed from water
Become red when cooked Can be purchased Live Frozen whole or tail Cooked Canned When buying live lobster, look for… Those with tails that snap back quickly after being flattened

28 Shellfish Crabs Common species are the blue and Dungeness crab
Can be purchased Live Cooked fresh or frozen Canned

29 Overview… Shellfish: Signs of Freshness
Shell of shrimp should be firmly attached with no noticeable odor Sea scallops should be white; bay scallops are pink or creamy white Live oyster and clam shells should be tightly closed Shucked oysters and clams should be plump, creamy white and odorless

30 Guidelines to cooking shellfish
Naturally tender…cook for a short period of time at moderate temp. Overcooking causes tough fish Cooking methods: Simmering Baking Broiling/grilling Pan-frying Deep-fry Microwave

31 General Hints To reduce fat content when purchasing canned tuna…look for tuna stored in water rather than oil When serving shrimp cocktail…purchase large, fancy shrimp rather than the small shrimp

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