3What is a mole? A.) A blind furry animal. B.) A brown mark on your body.C.) An important Chemistry concept.D.) All of these.
4As you may have guessed, D is the correct answer!! Although a mole might be cute and fuzzy, we are going to focus on the Chemistry concept.
5A mole is a counting unit. Just like: 12 eggs equals a dozen eggs144 pencils equals one gross of pencils60 seconds equals one minute500 sheets of paper equals one ream
6One mole equals 6.022 x 1023 particles So one mole of eggs would be x 1023 eggsOne mole of pencils would be x 1023 pencilsAnd so on...
7Where did the mole come from? The unit, called the mole (or mol), is defined as the number of atoms in exactly 12g of the carbon-12 isotopeThe number of particles in one mole, x 1023, is known as Avogadro’s constant or number.This was named after Amedeo Avogadro ( ) whose ideas were crucial to the early development in Chemistry
86.022 x 1023 is a very large number!If we did not use scientific notation to write out x 1023, we would write out 6022 with 20 zeros after it.Why don’t we try it.
9602,200,000,000,000,000,000,000Wow that is a BIG number!!
10Imagine that we had a mole of gumballs. If all 6 billion people on Earth were to do nothing but count the gumballs in one mole at the rate of one gumball per second, it would take over 3 million years to count all the gumballs!!
11What is all of this used for? Avogadro’s constant can be used to convert an amount of moles into the equivalent number of atoms or grams.This conversion is similar to changing 8 dozen eggs into the number of individual eggs.Although this maybe easy to calculate quickly in your head or on your calculator, the following strategy will make it easier for you later in this Chapter.
12Mole Problem Solving Strategy Example: How many eggs are in 8 dozen? 1. List what you know. (What was given in the problem?)2. Setup the problem. Don’t forget your units and show every step.3. NOW, and only now, use your calculator to verify the answer.1. # of dozen = 8 dozen# of eggs = ? Eggs2.8 dozen x =?eggs8 dozen x =?eggs3. 8 x = 96 eggs
13Looks easy right… Now you try one: How many pencils are in 9 gross? 1. List what you know. (What was given in the problem?)2. Setup the problem. Don’t forget your units and show every step.3. NOW, and only now, use your calculator to verify the answer.1. # of gross = 9 gross# of pencils = ?pencils2.9 gross X = ?pencils9 gross X = ?pencils3. 9 x = 1296 pencils
14This strategy can also be used with the mole concept This strategy can also be used with the mole concept. How many atoms are in 3.5 moles of copper?1.The procedure is the same. List what you know.2. Notice that 3.5 moles is in the numerator and then 1 mol is in the denominator. This allows you to cross out units.3. Now calculate the answer. Does it make sense?1. # of moles of Cu = 3.5 mol # of Cu atoms = ?2.3.5 mol Cu x= ? atoms Cu3.5 x = 2.1x 1024 atoms Cu
15You can also convert from atoms to moles… YEAH!! How many moles are in 3.01 x 1023 atoms of Sodium? 1. # of Na atoms = 3.01 x 1023 atoms# of moles of Na = ?x 1023 atoms x = ? mol Na3.01 x 1023 atoms x = ? mol Nax 1023 x = mol Na
16It’s your turn again! How many atoms are in 7.5 mol of Argon? Before you start throwing down random numbers. Think about the problem. Should the final answer be bigger or smaller than x 1023?Since 1 mole is x 1023 atoms, 7.5 moles has to be a larger number of atoms.Thinking through the problem before you start it will allow you know if you solved the problem correctly.
17Now calculate: How many atoms are in 7.5 mol of Argon? 1. # of moles of Ar = 7.5 mol# of atoms of Ar = ? atomsmol Ar x = ? atoms Ar7.5 mol Ar x = ? atoms Arx = 4.52 x 1024 atoms Ar
18Now in small groups try the following practice problems 1. How many atoms are present in 3.7 mol of sodium?2. How many atoms are present in 155 mol of arsenic?3. How many moles of xenon is 5.66 x 1026 atoms?(pg. 278 practice problems # 1-3)
19If you showed all the steps, the correct answers are: x 1024 Na atomsx 1025 As atomsmol Xe
20Here are a few mole problem pointers: THINK about the problem before, after and while you are doing the problem. Does the answer make sense. Don’t just randomly plug in numbers into your calculator.Follow the setup. Your teacher is not doing this because they are mean. (although you may disagree) This setup is the easiest and best way to always get the correct answer.
21Now you are ready for some mole jokes! Who is Avogadro’s favorite actor?Mol Gibson…. Get it? Ha haWhere did Avogadro go on Saturday?The shopping mole.. Wow these are funny!What did Avogadro have on his pancakes?Molasses!! I know you may think these jokes are remolting, but you will grow to love them!!
22What did you say? One more mole joke? If you insist. Why did Avogadro look forward to the year 2000?It was the start of the new molennium!!!
23Good luck! Remember the best practice is practice! The End.