2IGNITION SYSTEM SERVICE Ignition primary service.Ignition secondary service.Ignition timing and advance.Ignition oscilloscope testing.
3Ignition Systems Types of ignition systems: Coil Over (late 90’s and on)Direct Ignition (Mid 80’s and on)- Electronic w/distributor (1975- Present)- Breaker point (1974 and older)
4Coil Over Ignition Each spark plug has its own coil. No secondary wiring at all.PCM triggers each coil like a fuel injector.
5Direct Ignition No Distributor One Coil for Two Cylinders Waste Spark SystemOne Plug Fires Backwards
6Electronic Ignition W/Distributor Uses one coil for all cylinders.Distributor times out the sparks to the appropriate cylinder.Still the most common type.
7Breaker Point Ignition Very old type but there’s still a few around.Must replace the points every year.The timing changes as the points wear out.
8How an Ignition Coil Works All coils have two windings called the primary and the secondary.A magnetic field is created in the primary by current flow.When the current is shut OFF to the primary, the magnetic field collapses across the secondary winding causing current flow.Because the secondary has a greater number of windings, the voltage increases from 12 to 20,000 volts!
9Ignition System Operation BatteryKeyswitchCollapsePick-upcoilCoilModule
14Magnetic Type Ignition Pick-up Uses an electro-magnetic and a timing disc.The transistor turns off the primary current and fires the coil when the tooth of the timing disk lines up with the electro-magnet
15Hall Effect Type Ignition Pick-up This type of pick-up uses a semi-conductor material and blocking blade.The electrical polarity changes when the blade lines up with the semi-conductor material.This is the signal to cause the transistor to switch off and fire the coil.
16Diagnosis of the Primary Circuit Faults in the primary ignition circuit usually result in a no start condition.Since the primary circuit is responsible for creating the spark and timing it to the cylinder, faults can also include poor performance on cars which need to be timed.
17Primary Circuit Tests#1 Test the ignition system for function Test at the spark plug.#2 Test spark at the ignition coil.#3 Test the feed circuit from the battery to the coil.#4 Test the ignition coil windings.#5 Test the pick-up coil.#6 Test the pick-up unit with a lab scope.
18Ignition Secondary Circuit Service Spark plug serviceDistributor cap & rotorSpark plug wires
19Spark Plug Service Look up proper application and gap. Proper removal. Installation tricks.Firing order!Heat range.
20Spark Plug Heat RangeHHeat range has nothing to do with the spark but with the physical temperature of the plug electrodes.FWith very short trip driving an engine needs a HOT plug.FWith extensive highway driving an engine needs a COLD plug.
21Checking Plug WiresVisual inspectionOhmmeterFiring order
22Cap and Rotor Service Inspection Check for: Burnt center button Cracks Burns and carbon trackingCorrosion
24Definition of Ignition Timing The plug fires when the pick-up coil or crankshaft sensor detects the piston to be in the proper position for combustion. It tells the module to shut off primary current to the ignition coil and the magnetic field collapses firing the spark plug.
25Setting Basic Ignition Timing Methods:StaticUsing a timing light.Using a magnetic timing device.
27Using the Oscilloscope What does the oscilloscope measure?VOLTAGETIME
28Engine Analyzer These machines contain a multi-function oscilloscope which can be used for the following:-Ignition patterns.-PCM sensor and actuator patterns.Big Bucks!
29We Have 3 Oscilloscopes Old Sun 1160 analog machine. Bear Ace digital scope.Sun 450 the latest in technology.
30How is the Scope Hooked Up? Engines with distributors:One connection is made to the coil wire.One connection is made to the #1 plug wire.On Direct Ignition Engines:A connection must be made to each plug wire.On Coil Over Ignitions:Only a primary waveform can be generated offThe negative side of the coil primary.