The Hindu Worldview Religion is a way of liberating the soul from the illusions, disappointments, and mistakes of everyday existence Soul?
Hinduism Between 750 and 550 B.C.E., Hindu teachers attempted to interpret and explain the hidden meaning of the Vedic hymns. Vedas are four collections of prayers, magical spells, and instructions for performing rituals These interpretations of the Vedic hymns were known as the Upanishads
Hinduism Upanishads are dialogues that explore how a person can achieve liberation from desires and suffering Upanishads distinguish between the individual soul (atman) of a living being and the world soul (Brahman) that unites all atmans Moksha is the perfect understanding of this relationship
Hinduism Karma affects life circumstances: Examples - Karma strengthened the caste system (a system of social organization based on wealth)
Origins of Buddhism Developed during the same period of religious questioning that shaped Hinduism Founded by Siddhartha Gautama, a noble who was destined (according to prophecy) to become a world ruler if he remained home. Predictions?
Siddhartha At 29, Siddhartha ventures outside the palace four times He saw an old man, a sick man, a corpse, and finally a wandering holy man He understands mortality He comes to see religion as the only refuge from this inevitable suffering, spends his life searching for an end to life’s suffering
Beliefs Siddhartha wandered through the forests of India seeking Enlightenment Associations?
Buddhism After 49 days of meditation, he became known as the ‘Buddha,’ meaning ‘the enlightened one.’
The Four Noble Truths 1. Life is filled with suffering and sorrow 2. The cause of all suffering is people’s selfish desire for the temporary pleasures of this world. 3. The way to end all suffering is to end all desires. The way to overcome such desires and attain enlightenment is to follow the Eightfold Path (‘Middle Way’)
The Eightfold Path A ‘Middle Way’ between desires and self-denial By following the Eightfold Path, anyone could reach Nirvana: the release from selfishness and pain
Buddhism and Hinduism 1. Both religions believed in reincarnation 2. But, the Buddha rejected the many gods of Hinduism. Instead, he taught a way of enlightenment 3. He reacted against the privilege of the Brahmins priests (highest caste)