4The body and mind’s reaction to everyday demands or threats. Stress can be useful or harmful, energizing or exhausting.How each person reacts to the stressful situation, will often determine the effect it will have on the person
5Stress:Stress: neutral stress which often challenges people in their day to day tasksSchoolWorkAthleticsObligationsDeadlinesExpectations
6Eustress:Eustress: positive stress which helps people to meet their goalsScoring the winning points in a gameGetting a new jobGoing on a dateGetting a promotionGetting a good gradeBeing recognized for a job well done
7Distress:Distress: negative stress which can cause too much pressure and trauma in ones lifeOverworkedFailing a classParents divorceGetting fired from a jobDeath of a loved one
12Stress Response:Alarm-Initial Reaction: the 1st stage of the response to the stressful situation; when the body and mind are on high alert and the stress response is initiated.
13Stress Response:Resistance Response: the 2nd stage of the response to the stressful situation; when the body is attempting to repair any damage that has been done by the stress.
14Stress Response:Fatigue-Exhaustion: the 3rd stage of the response to the stressful situation; when the stress is not adequately dealt with, the body breaks down and health problems result.
15Reacting & Responding to Stressors: confrontthestressorFight:run fromthe stressorFlight:don't respondto the stressorFreeze:work outa solutionwith thestressorCompromise:
16Stress Tolerance:The amount of stress that someone can handle before they reach a state of too much stress and they experience fatigue and breakdown
17Warning Signs of Overstressed: Severe Headaches or MigrainesNausea, Diarrhea, Vomiting, ConstipationChronic Fatigue-Lack of EnergyInsomnia (Sleeplessness)Lack of Memory-Unable to ConcentrateIrregular MenstruationDecreased Sex DriveLack of AppetiteEmotional Mood Swings
18Impact of StressStress can significantly affect many of the body's immune systems, as can an individual's perceptions of, and reactions to, stress.
19Stress Can Relate to Health Problems Drug and/or Alcohol AbuseLoneliness and DepressionSuicide AttemptsPsychological ProblemsUlcersStrokeHeart AttackEmotional or Mental IllnessWeakened Immune System-Frequent Illness
21Stress and Personalities: Type A: competitive, high achieving; thrives on high stress lifestyleType B: laid back, non-competitive; avoids stressful situationsPassive: wimpy, crumbles under pressure, easily influenced by othersAssertive: firm and positive, stands up for personal beliefs, takes control of situations, influences othersin a positive wayAggressive: hostile, forceful, intimidating, bully’s beliefs on others
23Ego Defense Mechanism reduce stress levels when SelfDEFENSE:ProtectionMECHANISM:Strategies used to helpreduce stress levels whenstressful situations occur
24Common Ego Defense Mechanisms: Rationalization: making excuses and justifying behavior to cover up the stressful situationDenial: pretending that the stressful situation never occurredEx. An older person you know is ill, but you do not believe the person may die.Projection: blaming someone else to avoid being stressed by the situationEx. If you are angry with your brother, you may project your anger on him by saying “What are you so mad about?”Displacement: taking out frustration on someone or something that had nothing to do with the stressful situationEx. Your boss made you stay late for work. You are angry, but afraid to say anything. When your mother calls, you yell at her for asking a simple question. You displaced the anger.
25Common Ego Defense Mechanisms: Substitution: replacing one action for another to conceal the stressful situationCompensation: settling for something less than what was expected to relieve stressRegression: resorting to child-like behaviors to relieve the stress
26Interpersonal Conflicts: Stress caused by conflicts between two people or groups of peopleArguments or disagreements with other people
27Stress caused by conflicts that occur within the person themselves Internal Conflicts:Stress caused by conflicts that occur within the person themselvesBeing torn between doing what is right for the moment, and what is right in the long run
28Conflict Resolution Strategy: T: Take a Time Out (at least 30 minutes)A: Allow Each Person To Present Their Point of ViewL: Let Each Person Ask QuestionsK: Keep Brainstorming to Find the BestSolution for Both Parties
29Just Checking To See How Stress TestDon't Worry, We AreJust Checking To See HowYou Will Respond WhenYou Are Under Stress
31Stress Management Skills: Set & Prioritize GoalsBudget Your TimeLearn to Say NoSlow DownTake a Time OutRelax & Have FunGet Regular ExerciseEat HealthyGet 7-10 hrs. of Sleep per NightHave a Support System
32Coping Strategies: Be flexible when plan A doesn’t work out Take a “Power Nap” when neededTalk your problems out with a friend or a professionalIf your Lost, stop and ask for directionsLaugh and Have Fun