Macbeth! By William Shakespeare Why We Should Study It What We Should Learn from It
Macbeth It inspires…see art, see writing, see common cultural knowledge. It reveals a bit of Scottish history that we should all learn. It illustrates the power of writing: as an example of how an author uses his writing to purposely affect a viewer (how Shakespeare wrote it for King James I) It makes us think (themes and human condition).
Macbeth - reveals History –Shakespeare based his play, Macbeth, on the Scottish king, Mac Beth, and his rise and reign.
Mac Beth Lived in Scotland Became king Killed his king before him, Duncan Reigned for 17 years and was beloved for bringing peace and prosperity to Scotland
Macbeth Lived in Scotland Became king Killed his king before him, Duncan Reigned for months and was hated for bringing such violence and unrest as a demoralizing man.
Mac Beth vs. Macbeth 1044 King Duncan was born in 1001 Duncan became king after killing his grandfather Duncan was a spoiled and over zealous young man whose reign was wrought with failed campaigns and death for his people (http://students.roanoke.edu/t/tnunez/actualstory.html)http://students.roanoke.edu/t/tnunez/actualstory.html His people hated him and his lords overthrew him. 1606 Duncan was beloved by his people and his thanes. In the play (I, i), he arrives after the action, which would not have been okay as a leader. He would have fought.
Mac Beth vs. Macbeth Mac Beth, his cousin, killed him and became king. Duncans sons fled: Donald Ban to Ireland and Malcolm to England, but later returned to reign as kings They murdered Mac Beths father in 1020 Macbeth, his loyal thane, killed him. Macbeth framed Duncans sons, so that Macbeth could assume the throne. Duncans sons fled: to Ireland and Malcolm to England, but later returned, and Malcolm reigned as king.
Mac Beth vs. Macbeth Blood Murder Deceit Power murder Blood Murder Deceit Power murder
Macbeth – power of words Shakespeare wrote the play for King James I First, he wanted to provoke a reaction from King James I, who was known to fall asleep during plays (http://students.roanoke.edu/t/tnunez/TheRoyalPlay.html).http://students.roanoke.edu/t/tnunez/TheRoyalPlay.html –Ego? –Please the king? Sycophant??
Macbeth – King James I Enthralled by Scottish History Events correlated to James life –Treachery and Deceit=many assassination attempts on King James I –Macbeth was Thane of Glamis=James held hostage by Thane of Glamis –Witches provoked evil=James wrote a book on witches and how to punish them http://students.roanoke.edu/t/tnunez/TheRoyalPlay.html
Macbeth – King James I Rumor maintained that his father (if James was product of illegitimate affair) was stabbed to death in presence of his mother, the queen. Queens husband murdered in 1567 Fear of uprising Crowned king at 13 months Mother, Mary Queen of Scots, killed for being against Queen Elizabeth Many plots to kill James throughout his reign
Macbeth – King James I King James I, unlike other kings, died in his bed (age 59) at peace with subjects and foreign countries. Also, he passed his crown onto his adult son, also very unusual for the times and history of kings. His life was troubled, depressed, and pained. http://students.roanoke.edu/t/tnunez/TheRoyalPlay.html
Macbeth – makes us think Themes –Greed –Power –Fate –Masculinity –Loyalty –Going against Nature –Evil –Supernatural –Ambition Human Condition –Tragic hero –Moral degradation Choices responsibilities –Purpose of life Tomorrow and tomorrow and tomorrow, creeps by in this petty pace…out, out brief candle…
The Question: Is life a series of meaningless events surrounded by violence and treachery of a dog-eat-dog world resulting in tiresome pointlessness, (despair) or is there hope for a better life, for some point to it all? (hope)
Macbeth – bonus It is Shakespeares shortest play. It is full of action. Much murder and blood drives the plot of the play. Reversals, twists, and gender issues with a touch of madness accent the play. You get to chant.