Presentation on theme: "123 Go To Section: 4 Foreign Policy. 123 Go To Section: 4 Chapter 17, Section 1 Foreign Policy and Foreign Affairs What is foreign policy? What is the."— Presentation transcript:
123 Go To Section: 4 Chapter 17, Section 1 Foreign Policy and Foreign Affairs What is foreign policy? What is the difference between isolationism and internationalism? How does the Department of State function? How do the Department of Defense and the military departments function? 2222 3333 4444
123 Go To Section: 4 What is Foreign Policy? A country’s relations with other nations
123 Go To Section: 4 History of American Foreign Policy Chapter 17, Section 1 2222 3333 4444 For more than 150 years, the American people were interested in domestic affairs, or events happening inside our nation. Isolationism, the refusal to become involved in the affairs of the rest of the world, was American policy during this time. Since World War II, however, U.S. policy has been to become involved in global affairs - Internationalism
123 Go To Section: 4 An explanation of foreign policy Chapter 17, Section 1 2222 3333 4444 A nation’s foreign policy (a country’s relations with other nations) is made up of all the stands and actions that a nation takes in every aspect of its relationships with other countries.
123 Go To Section: 4 The President’s Role The President has the major responsibility for both the making and conducting of foreign policy. He is the nation’s chief diplomat, the person who negotiates with other countries, and commander in chief, or leader of our armed forces.
123 Go To Section: 4 The State Department’s Role Chapter 17, Section 1 2222 3333 4444 The State Department is headed by the Secretary of State – John Kerry, who is the President’s most important advisor. The State Department conducts diplomacy, negotiating agreements, alliances and treaties with other nations, for the United States. A diplomat is an official who has formal contact with foreign countries. One type of diplomat is an ambassador, a personal representative appointed by the President to represent our nation in other countries and to conduct diplomacy. The place they live and work in foreign countries is called an embassy.
123 Go To Section: 4 The Defense Department’s Role The Defense Department is headed by the Secretary of Defense – Chuck Hagel. It was created to unify the nation’s armed forces – Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marines. It supervises military forces, military bases, and weapons This department is located in the Pentagon in Washingtion,DC. There are 1.4 million men and women in uniform and 700,000 civilians – people who aren’t in the military – who work for the Department of Defense.
123 Go To Section: 4 The Military Departments The Department of the Army The army is the largest and the oldest of the armed services. The army consists of standing troops, or the Regular Army, and its reserve units—the Army National Guard and Army Reserve. Chapter 17, Section 1 2222 3333 4444 The Department of the Navy The navy’s major responsibilities are for sea warfare and defense. The U.S. Marine Corps, a combat-ready land force, are under the auspices of navy command. The Department of the Air Force The air force is the youngest branch of the armed services. The air force’s main responsibility is to serve as the nation’s first line of defense.
123 Go To Section: 4 This chart shows the chain of command of the American military services Chapter 17, Section 1 2222 3333 4444
123 Go To Section: 4 Agencies That Help With Foreign Policy The Legislative Branch – Congress, decides how much money will be spent on foreign aid and defense. CIA – Central Intelligence Agency – gathers and analyzes information on foreign countries.