Presentation on theme: "Literary Devices Common terms needed to understand literature and writing (PART 1)"— Presentation transcript:
Literary Devices Common terms needed to understand literature and writing (PART 1)
ARCHTYPE Definition: An original after which other similar things are patterned iPod= mp3 player Superhero=Superman Villain=Darth Vader Ex:
ATMOSPHERE Definition: The way that setting affects the mood of a work Ex: a graveyard, a birthday party, a haunted house, a battle field, etc
CHARACTERIZATI ON Definition: The process used to understand a character Ex: He cant walk down the street without everybody staring at him. When we were ten, he was almost 6 feet tall and people who didnt know him treated him older.
DYNAMIC CHARACTER Definition: A character that experiences a change of heart or point of view Ex:Simba (The Lion King) Marlin (Finding Nemo)
STATIC CHARACTER Definition: A character that remains the same throughout the plot Ex: The Evil Stepsisters (Cinderella) Zeus (Greek Mythology) Timon and Pumba (Lion King)
CONFLICT Definition: The struggle between two opposing forces (any problem that occurs in a story ) Ex: Internal conflict (man vs. self) War (man vs. man) Titanic sinking (man vs. nature) The Civil Rights Movement (man vs. society) Fulfilling destiny? (man vs. fate)
DICTION Definition: The use of selective word choice Ex: MAD= $5 word ANGRY= $10 word! FURIOUS= $50 word!! ENRAGED= $100 word!!!
FORESHADOWING Definition: Clues that indicate what may happen later in the story Ex: Intense music in scary movies, dark clouds rolling in I hope nothing bad happens!
IMAGERY Definition: Writing that creates a mental picture for the reader Ex: When you read a book, you often visualize the characters and scenes. When they make a movie, we are often disappointed because the filmmakers idea is different than ours. This is due to IMAGERY!
IRONY Definition: The contrast between actual meaning and the suggestion of another meaning OR when something seems to be the opposite of what it is supposed to be Ex: The inventor of the Segway dies in Segway accident!
METAPHOR Definition: A comparison that does NOT use like or as Ex: You are an angel! That test was torture!
MORAL Definition: A universal lesson taught by a story Ex: Dont judge a book by its cover Slow and steady wins the race Better safe than sorry
OXYMORON Definition: a phrase that combines words that are opposites Ex: Jumbo Shrimp Quiet Riot Loud Silence
PERSONIFICATION Definition: A figure of speech that gives human characteristics to non-living (inanimate) objects Ex: My car hates me. Facebook is my best friend.
PLOT Definition: The events that take place in a story (a.k.a.-what happens!) Ex: Nemo gets captured, Nemo lives in the tank, Nemo escapes, Nemo goes home!
POINT OF VIEW Definition: The perspective from which a story is told Ex: In any conflict there are many different points of view
FIRST PERSON POINT OF VIEW Definition: A story that is told by a character using 1 st person pronouns like: I, ME, MY Ex: I couldn't believe my eyes!
THIRD PERSON POINT OF VIEW Definition: A story that is told by a narrator outside the story Ex: Joseph couldn't believe his eyes!
SETTING Definition: The place, time and circumstances surrounding a story Ex: Freedom Writers - - Setting, - - 1990s Los Angeles post-LA Riots
SIMILE Definition: A comparison that uses like or as Ex: You sing like a bird! You are as light as a feather!
SYMBOL Definition: a person, object or place that represents the meaning of something else Ex:
THEME Definition: A message the author wants the reader to think about and understand Ex: Coming of Age, Identity, Love Conquers All