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Art and Patronage Italians were willing to spend a lot of money on art. / Art communicated social, political, and spiritual values. / Italian banking.

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Art and Patronage Italians were willing to spend a lot of money on art. / Art communicated social, political, and spiritual values. / Italian banking.

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Presentation on theme: "Art and Patronage Italians were willing to spend a lot of money on art. / Art communicated social, political, and spiritual values. / Italian banking."— Presentation transcript:

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3 Art and Patronage Italians were willing to spend a lot of money on art. / Art communicated social, political, and spiritual values. / Italian banking & international trade interests had the money. Public art in Florence was organized and supported by guilds. Therefore, the consumption of art was used as a form of competition for social & political status

4 Medieval Art was plagued by Stiff, one-dimensional figures Need to use gold for illumination Lack of depth …but since the focus was on the religious theme, the unrealistic quality wasnt the issue…

5 Duccios Trans-figur-ation, for example

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7 1. Realism & Expression Expulsion from the Garden Masaccio 1427 First nudes since classical times.

8 2. Perspective Perspective! Perspective! Perspective! Perspective! Perspective! First use of linear perspective Perspective! Perspective! The Trinity Masaccio 1427 What you are, I once was; what I am, you will become.

9 Perspective

10 3. Classicism Greco-Roman influence. Secularism. Humanism. Individualism free standing figures. Symmetry/Balance The Classical Pose Medici Venus (1c)

11 4. Emphasis on Individualism Batista Sforza & Federico de Montefeltre: The Duke & Dutchess of Urbino Piero della Francesca,

12 Isabella dEste – da Vinci, 1499  First Lady of the Italian Renaissance. Great patroness of the arts. Known during her time as First Lady of the World

13 5. Geometrical Arrangement of Figures The Dreyfus Madonna with the Pomegranate Leonardo da Vinci 1469 The figure as architecture

14 6. Light & Shadowing/Softening Edges Chiaroscuro Sfumato

15 7. Artists as Personalities/Celebrities Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects Giorgio Vasari 1550

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17 Renaissance Florence The Wool Factory by Mirabello Cavalori, 1570 The Wool Factory by Mirabello Cavalori, – first gold florins minted 1252 – first gold florins minted Florentine lion: symbol of St. Mark Florentine lion: symbol of St. Mark

18 Lorenzo the Magnificent Cosimo de Medici

19 Florence Under the Medici Medici Chapel Medici Chapel The Medici Palace

20 Filippo Brunelleschi Architect Cuppolo of St. Maria del Fiore

21 Filippo Brunelleschi Commissioned to build the cathedral dome. / Used unique architectural concepts. He studied the ancient Pantheon in Rome. Used ribs for support.

22 Brunelleschis Secret (fishbone fashion bricks)

23 Brunelleschis Dome

24 Comparing Domes

25 Other Famous Domes Il Duomo St. Peters St. Pauls US capital (Florence) (Rome) (London) (Washington)

26 David by Donatello 1430 First free-form bronze since Roman times The Liberation of Sculpture

27 David Verrocchio David Verrocchio

28 The Baptism of Christ Verrocchio, The Baptism of Christ Verrocchio, Leonardo da Vinci

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30 Vitruvian Man Leonardo da Vinci 1492 The Luomo universale

31 The Renaissance Man Broad knowledge about many things in different fields. Deep knowledge/skill in one area. Able to link information from different areas/disciplines and create new knowledge. The Greek ideal of the well-rounded man was at the heart of Renaissance education.

32 1. Self-Portrait -- da Vinci, Artist Sculptor Architect Scientist Engineer Inventor

33 Leonardo, the Artist The Virgin of the Rocks Leonardo da Vinci 

34 Leonardo, the Artist: From hisNotebooks of over 5000 pages ( )

35 Mona Lisa – da Vinci,

36 Mona Lisa OR da Vinci??

37 The Last Supper - da Vinci, 1498 & Geometry

38 Refractory Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie Milan

39 horizontal vertical Perspective! The Last Supper - da Vinci, 1498

40 Detail of Jesus The Last Supper Leonardo da Vinci 1498 Deterioration

41 A Da Vinci Code: St. John or Mary Magdalene?

42 Leonardo, the Sculptor An Equestrian Statue 

43 Leonardo, the Architect: Pages from his Notebook Study of a central church. 1488

44 Leonardo, the Architect: Pages from his Notebook Plan of the city of Imola, 1502.

45 Leonardo, the Scientist (Biology): Pages from his Notebook An example of the humanist desire to unlock the secrets of nature.

46 Leonardo, the Scientist (Anatomy): Pages from his Notebook

47 Leonardo, the Inventor: Pages from his Notebook

48 Man Can Fly?

49 A study of siege defenses. Studies of water-lifting devices. Leonardo, the Engineer: Pages from his Notebook

50 Leonardo da Vinci Quotes He who does not value life does not deserve it. Oh sleepers! What a thing is slumber! Sleep resembles death! Wisdom is the daughter of experience. Love overcomes all obstacles. Only love can stop hate. May sobriety, healthy food and good sleep keep you in good health. He who denies the reason of things reveals his ignorance.

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52 2. Michelangelo Buonorrati 1475 – 1564 He represented the body in three dimensions of sculpture.

53 David Michelangelo Buonarotti 1504 Marble

54 15c 15c 16c 16c What a difference a century makes

55 The Pieta Michelangelo Buonarroti 1499 marble The Popes as Patrons of the Arts

56 The Sistine Chapel Michelangelo Buonarroti

57 The Sistine Chapels Ceiling Michelangelo Buonarroti

58 The Sistine Chapel Details The Creation of the Heavens

59 The Sistine Chapel Details Creation of Man

60 The Sistine Chapel Details The Fall from Grace

61 The Sistine Chapel Details The Last Judgment

62 3. Raffaello Sanzio ( ) Self-Portrait, 1506 Portrait of the Artist with a Friend, 1518

63 Baldassare Castiglione by Raphael, Castiglione represented the humanist gentleman as a man of refinement and self-control.

64 PerspectivePerspective Betrothal of the Virgin Raphael1504

65 Raphaels Canagiani Madonna, 1507

66 Raphaels Madonnas (1) Sistine Madonna Cowpepper Madonna

67 Madonna della Sedia Alba Madonna Raphaels Madonnas (2)

68 The School of Athens – Raphael, One point perspective. All of the important Greek philosophers and thinkers are included all of the great personalities of the Seven Liberal Arts A great variety of poses. Located in the papal apartments library. Raphael worked on this commission simultaneously as Michelangelo was doing the Sistine Chapel. No Christian themes here.

69 The School of Athens – Raphael, Raphael Da Vinci Michelangelo

70 Aristotle: looks to this earth [the here and now]. Plato: looks to the heavens [or the IDEAL realm]. The School of Athens – Raphael, details

71 Averroes Hypatia Pythagoras

72 Zoroaster Ptolemy Euclid

73 The Liberation of St. Peter by Raphael, 1514

74 Portrait of Pope Julius II by Raphael, More concerned with politics than with theology. The Warrior Pope. Great patron of Renaissance artists, especially Raphael & Michelangelo. Died in 1513

75 Pope Leo X with Cardinal Giulio deMedici and Luigi De Rossi by Raphael, A Medici Pope. He went through the Vatican treasury in a year His extravagances offended even some cardinals [as well as Martin Luther!]. Started selling indulgences.

76 Birth of Venus – Botticelli, 1485 An attempt to depict perfect beauty.

77 Botticellis Venus Motif. 10¢ Italian Euro coin Euro Coin

78 Primavera – Botticelli, 1482 Depicted classical gods as almost naked and life-size.


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