24Achievement Motivation What motivates us to work Achievement Motivation What motivates us to work? (School, job, sports, video games, relationships etc..)Intrinsic MotivatorsExtrinsic MotivatorsRewards we get internally, such as enjoyment or satisfaction.Reward that we get for accomplishments from outside ourselves (grades or money or etc..) Work great in the short run.
30Management Theory Management/Teaching styles relate closely to Intrinsic/Extrinsic Motivators. Theory XTheory YManagers believes that employees will work only if rewarded with benefits or threatened with punishment. Think employees are Extrinsically Motivated. Only interested in Maslow’s lower needs.Managers believe that employees are internally motivated to do good work and policies should encourage this internal motive. Interested in Maslow’s higher needs.
36Biological Basis of Hunger Hunger does NOT come from our stomach. It comes from our… Brain What part of the brain? The Hypothalamus
37Ventromedial Hypothalamus Lateral HypothalamusVentromedial HypothalamusWhen stimulated it makes you hungry. When lesioned (destroyed) you will never be hungry again.When stimulated you feel full. When lesioned you will never feel full again.
41Kinsey’s StudiesConfidential interviews with 18,000 people (in early 1950’s).Sexual Behavior in the Human Male and Sexual Behavior in the Human FemaleScale of sexuality….0 to 6 where 0 is exclusively heterosexual and 6 homosexual and 7 is asexual.Click on Kinsey to see the movie trailer.
42Masters and Johnson Study Click on Masters and Johnson to see a more detailed explanation of their research.In the 1960’s William Masters and Virginia Johnson set out to explore the physiology of sex. 382 females and 312 males.After their research was done they ran an institute that claimed to turn homosexual people straight.
45We have discussed the energizing of sexual motivation but have yet to discuss its direction: Sexual OrientationAn enduring sexual attraction toward members of either one's own gender or the other gender.
46How is Sexual Orientation Determined There has been NO evidence that sexuality is socially determined. Kids raised by homosexual parents are no more likely to be homosexual that if they were raised by heterosexual parents. Thus it is likely biologically determined.