Presentation on theme: "cards Card 1: CARDINAL NUMBERSCard 1: CARDINAL NUMBERS Card 2: MEMBERS OF THE FAMILYCard 2: MEMBERS OF THE FAMILY Card 3: PARTS OF THE BODYCard 3: PARTS."— Presentation transcript:
cards Card 1: CARDINAL NUMBERSCard 1: CARDINAL NUMBERS Card 2: MEMBERS OF THE FAMILYCard 2: MEMBERS OF THE FAMILY Card 3: PARTS OF THE BODYCard 3: PARTS OF THE BODY Card 4: VERB TO BE Card 5: PRESENT SIMPLE TENSECard 5: PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE Card 6: PAST SIMPLE TENSECard 6: PAST SIMPLE TENSE Card 7: EXPRESSIONS OF FREQUENCYCard 7: EXPRESSIONS OF FREQUENCY Card 8: IRREGULAR VERBS 1.1.1Card 8: IRREGULAR VERBS Card 9: IRREGULAR VERBS i.a.u Card 9: IRREGULAR VERBS i.a.u Card 10: PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSECard 10: PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE Doble click en cada CARD y vas a INTERNET
MEMBERS OF THE FAMILY A marriage: Husband and wife. (un matrimonio: marido y mujer) Great-grandparents: Great-grandfather and great- grandmother. (bisabuelos) Grandparents: Grandfather and grandmother. (abuelos) Parents: Father and mother. (padres) Children: Son and daughter. (hijos) Grandchildren: Grandson and granddaughter. (nietos) Great-grandchildren: Great-grandson and great- granddaughter. (bisnietos) Brother and sister. (hermanos) Uncle and aunt. (tíos) Cousin and cousin. (primos) Nephew and niece. (sobrinos)
MEMBERS OF THE FAMILY Familiar language: Grandaddy. = Grandad. = Grandpa. (abuelito) Grandma. = Gran. = Granny. (abuelita) Daddy. = Dad. (papá) Mummy. = Mum. = Mom. (mamá) Auntie. = Aunty. (tiíta)
PARTS OF THE BODY : Head Hair Face Forehead Eye Nose Cheek Ear Moustache Beard Mouth Chin
PARTS OF THE BODY : Neck Throat
PARTS OF THE BODY : Trunk Chest Back Stomach Waist Buttocks = Bottom
PARTS OF THE BODY : Arm Shoulder Elbow Forearm Wrist Hand Finger - Thumb Nail
PARTS OF THE BODY : Leg Hip Thigh Knee Shin Calf Ankle Foot - Feet Toe - Big toe
PARTS OF THE BODY :Bones (206): Skeleton Skull Jawbone Spine = Backbone Collarbone Shoulder blade Breastbone Ribs Coccyx Pelvis Humerus Radius Ulna Thigh bone Kneecap Shinbone = Tibia Fibula
PARTS OF THE BODY : Organs (haz clic en cada nombre) Skin Blood Brain Heart Lung Liver Pancreas Spleen Kidney Bladder Stomach Intestines Sex organs Ovary Womb Vagina Testicle Penis
PARTS OF THE BODY : Muscles (650) Biceps Triceps Deltoid Trapezius Quadriceps Sartorius Gastrocnemius Achilles tendon
PARTS OF THE BODY : Eye Iris Pupil Eyebrow Eyelid Eyelashes
PARTS OF THE BODY :Mouth Lip Tooth – Teeth Tongue
VERB TO BE INFINITIVEBASE_FORMPRESENT-INGPASTPARTICIPLEmeaning To_beBeAm.Is.AreBeingWas.WereBeenser,estar
VERB TO BE :Present Simple AFFIRMATIVE I am = Im you are = youre he is = hes she is = shes it is = its we are = were you are = youre they are = theyre NEGATIVE I am not = Im not you are not = you arent he is not = he isnt she is not = she isnt it is not = it isnt we are not = we arent you are not = you arent they are not = they arent
VERB TO BE :Present Simple INTERROGATIVE…..SHORT_ANSWERS Am I?………...Yes, you are………No, you arent. Are you?…….Yes, I am. …………No, Im not. Is he?………..Yes, he is. …………No, he isnt. Is she?………Yes, she is…………No, she isnt. Is it?………….Yes, it is. ………….No, it isnt. Are we?……..Yes, you are. ……..No, you arent. Are you?…….Yes, we are………..No, we arent. Are they?……Yes, they are…….. No, they arent.
VERB TO BE :Present Simple Expressions : To be good at (darse bien) To be right (tener razón) To be wrong (estar equivocado To be hot (tener calor) To be cold (tener frío) To be early (llegar temprano) To be late (llegar tarde) To be hungry (tener hambre) To be thirsty (tener ) Expressions : To be afraid = To be scared (tener miedo) To be bored (aburrirse) To be careful (tener cuidado) To be in love with (estar enamorado de) To be in a hurry (tener prisa) To be engaged (estar comunicando [un teléfono]) To be lucky (tener suerte) To be born (nacer)
VERB TO BE :PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Form, Use) 1. Form. AFFIRMATIVE: It is the same as the base form, except for the 3rd person singular (he, she, it) that we add -s. Examples: I know the answer. She plays the guitar. NEGATIVE: We use the auxiliary verb (do, does) with not before the base form. Examples: I do not like music. = I dont like music. He does not play golf. = He doesnt play golf. INTERROGATIVE: We use the auxiliary verb (do, does) before the subject. Examples: Do you speak Spanish? Does Steve play the piano? SHORT ANSWERS: We use Yes or No, plus the subject pronoun and the auxiliary verb (do, does). Examples: Yes, I do. No, I dont. Yes, he does. No, he doesnt. 2. Use. We use the Present Simple: - a) To talk about things that happen regularly. –b) To talk about facts. –c) To talk about feelings. –d) To talk about thoughts.
VERB TO BE :PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Spelling, Pronunciation) 3. Spelling. If a verb ends in -s, -x, - sh, -ch, -o, we add -es. Example: I watch. He watches. If a verb ends in a consonant + y (e.g. study), we use -ies. Example: I fly. It flies. 4. Pronunciation. [s] after unvoiced consonant sounds [p, t, k, f]. [z] after vowels and voiced conconant sounds. [iz] in -es and -ies.
VERB TO BE :PAST SIMPLE TENSE (Form, Use) 1. Form. AFFIRMATIVE : Regular verbs add -ed to the base form. Examples: We walked to the park. He listened to me. Irregular verbs dont add -ed. Examples: They went to the cinema. She came to my house. NEGATIVE : We use the auxiliary verb did with not before the base form. Examples: You did not write a letter. They didnt study English. INTERROGATIVE : We use the auxiliary verb did before the subject. Example: Did he sing a song? SHORT ANSWERS : We use Yes or No, plus the subject pronoun and the auxiliary verb did. Examples: Yes, he did. No, he didnt. 2. Use. We use the Past Simple Tense : –a) For complete finished actions. –b) To talk about when things happened. –c) For things that happened one after another, for example in stories.
VERB TO BE: PAST SIMPLE TENSE (Spelling. Pronunciation) 3. Spelling. a) Verbs ending in -e, we add - ed. Example: I lived in Madrid. (to live) b) Verbs ending in consonant + y, we use -ied. Example: You studied. (to study) c) Verbs ending in consonant- vowel-consonant (CVC) in stressed syllable, we double the final consonant and add - ed. Example: They stopped. (to stop) 4. Pronunciation. [t] after unvoiced consonant sounds [p, k, f, s, sh, ch]. [d] after vowels and voiced consonant sounds. [id] after d and t.
EXPRESSIONS OF FREQUENCY 1. Always 2. Nearly always 3. Usually 4. Normally = generally 5. Very often = quite often 6. Often 7. Frequently = regularly 8. Sometimes = occasionally 9. Rarely = seldom 10. Hardly ever = almost never 11. Never
EXPRESSIONS OF FREQUENCY Longer expressions of frequency usually go at the end of the sentence: Every day. Almost every day. Every week. Every month. Every year. Once a month. Twice a week. Three times a year. Not very often. Example: I dont use my mobile phone very often. From time to time. = Now and then.
PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE 1. Form. AFFIRMATIVE: We use the affirmative form of the verb to be (Present Simple) as auxiliary verbm plus the -ing form of the main verb. Examples: I am eating. He is studying. They are writing. NEGATIVE: We use the negative form of the verb to be (Present Simple), plus the -ing form of the main verb. Examples: You arent working. The sun isnt shining. INTERROGATIVE: We use the interrogative form of the verb to be (Present Simple), plus the -ing form of the main verb. Examples: Are they fishing? Is John watching TV? SHORT ANSWERS: The same as the short answers of the Present Simple of to be. Examples: Yes, they are. No, they arent. Yes, he is. No, he isnt. 2. Use. We use the Present Continuous Tense: a) To talk about things that are happening now. b) To talk about things that are happening around now, but not exactly at the moment we speak. Example: What are you doing these days? Im learning Spanish. c) To talk about plans for a fixed time in the future. Examples: Hes starting a new job next week. Tony and Ann are coming on Sunday. 3. Spelling. –ing a) Verbs ending in mute -e, they drop the -e and add -ing. Examples: Make.> Making. Hope.> Hoping. b) Verbs ending in -ie, they change to y and add - ing. Examples : Die.>Dying. Lie.>Lying. Tie.>Tying. c) Verbs ending in consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) in stressed syllables, they double the final consonant and add -ing. Examples: Stop.>Stopping. Begin.>Beginning.