Presentation on theme: "cards Card 6: PAST SIMPLE TENSE Card 1: CARDINAL NUMBERS"— Presentation transcript:
1cards Card 6: PAST SIMPLE TENSE Card 1: CARDINAL NUMBERS Card 7: EXPRESSIONS OF FREQUENCYCard 8: IRREGULAR VERBS 1.1.1Card 9: IRREGULAR VERBS i.a.uCard 10: PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSECard 1: CARDINAL NUMBERSCard 2: MEMBERS OF THE FAMILYCard 3: PARTS OF THE BODYCard 4: VERB TO BECard 5: PRESENT SIMPLE TENSEDoble click en cada CARD y vas a INTERNET
2Cardinal numbers 0: zero 1: one 2: two 3: three 4: four 5: five 6: six 7: seven8: eight9: nine10: ten11: eleven12: twelve13: thirteen14: fourteen15: fifteen16: sixteen17: seventeen18: eighteen19: nineteen20: twenty31: thirty-one42: forty-two53: fifty-three64: sixty-four75: seventy-five86: eighty-six97: ninety-seven100: a hundred = one hundred
3MEMBERS OF THE FAMILYA marriage: Husband and wife. (un matrimonio: marido y mujer)Great-grandparents: Great-grandfather and great-grandmother. (bisabuelos)Grandparents: Grandfather and grandmother. (abuelos)Parents: Father and mother. (padres)Children: Son and daughter. (hijos)Grandchildren: Grandson and granddaughter. (nietos)Great-grandchildren: Great-grandson and great-granddaughter. (bisnietos)Brother and sister. (hermanos)Uncle and aunt. (tíos)Cousin and cousin. (primos)Nephew and niece. (sobrinos)
4MEMBERS OF THE FAMILY Familiar language: Grandaddy. = Grandad. = Grandpa. (abuelito)Grandma. = Gran. = Granny. (abuelita)Daddy. = Dad. (papá)Mummy. = Mum. = Mom.(mamá)Auntie. = Aunty. (tiíta)
5PARTS OF THE BODY : Head Hair Face Forehead Eye Nose Cheek Ear MoustacheBeardMouthChin
15VERB TO BE INFINITIVE BASE_FORM PRESENT -ING PAST PARTICIPLE meaning Am.Is.AreBeingWas.WereBeenser,estar
16VERB TO BE :Present Simple AFFIRMATIVEI am = I’myou are = you’rehe is = he’sshe is = she’sit is = it’swe are = we’rethey are = they’reNEGATIVEI am not = I’m notyou are not = you aren’the is not = he isn’tshe is not = she isn’tit is not = it isn’twe are not = we aren’tthey are not = they aren’t
17VERB TO BE :Present Simple INTERROGATIVE…..SHORT_ANSWERSAm I?………...Yes, you are………No, you aren’t.Are you?…….Yes, I am. …………No, I’m not.Is he?………..Yes, he is. …………No, he isn’t.Is she?………Yes, she is…………No, she isn’t.Is it?………….Yes, it is. ………….No, it isn’t.Are we?……..Yes, you are. ……..No, you aren’t.Are you?…….Yes, we are………..No, we aren’t.Are they?……Yes, they are…….. No, they aren’t.
18VERB TO BE :Present Simple Expressions :To be good at (darse bien)To be right (tener razón)To be wrong (estar equivocadoTo be hot (tener calor)To be cold (tener frío)To be early (llegar temprano)To be late (llegar tarde)To be hungry (tener hambre)To be thirsty (tener )Expressions :To be afraid = To be scared (tener miedo)To be bored (aburrirse)To be careful (tener cuidado)To be in love with (estar enamorado de)To be in a hurry (tener prisa)To be engaged (estar comunicando [un teléfono])To be lucky (tener suerte)To be born (nacer)
19VERB TO BE :PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Form, Use) AFFIRMATIVE: It is the same as the base form, except for the 3rd person singular (he, she, it) that we add -s.Examples: I know the answer. She plays the guitar.NEGATIVE: We use the auxiliary verb (do, does) with not before the base form.Examples: I do not like music. = I don’t like music. He does not play golf. = He doesn’t play golf.INTERROGATIVE: We use the auxiliary verb (do, does) before the subject.Examples: Do you speak Spanish? Does Steve play the piano?SHORT ANSWERS: We use Yes or No, plus the subject pronoun and the auxiliary verb (do, does).Examples: Yes, I do. No, I don’t. Yes, he does. No, he doesn’t.2. Use. We use the Present Simple:- a) To talk about things that happen regularly.b) To talk about facts.c) To talk about feelings.d) To talk about thoughts.
20VERB TO BE :PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Spelling, Pronunciation) If a verb ends in -s, -x, -sh, -ch, -o, we add -es.Example: I watch. He watches.If a verb ends in a consonant + y (e.g. study), we use -ies. Example: I fly. It flies.4. Pronunciation.[s] after unvoiced consonant sounds [p, t, k, f].[z] after vowels and voiced conconant sounds.[iz] in -es and -ies.
21VERB TO BE :PAST SIMPLE TENSE (Form, Use) AFFIRMATIVE: Regular verbs add -ed to the base form. Examples: We walked to the park. He listened to me.Irregular verbs don’t add -ed. Examples: They went to the cinema. She came to my house.NEGATIVE: We use the auxiliary verb did with not before the base form. Examples: You did not write a letter. They didn’t study English.INTERROGATIVE: We use the auxiliary verb did before the subject. Example: Did he sing a song?SHORT ANSWERS: We use Yes or No, plus the subject pronoun and the auxiliary verb did. Examples: Yes, he did. No, he didn’t.2. Use.We use the Past Simple Tense:a) For complete finished actions.b) To talk about when things happened.c) For things that happened one after another, for example in stories.
22VERB TO BE: PAST SIMPLE TENSE (Spelling. Pronunciation) [t] after unvoiced consonant sounds [p, k, f, s, sh, ch].[d] after vowels and voiced consonant sounds.[id] after d and t.3. Spelling.a) Verbs ending in -e, we add -ed. Example: I lived in Madrid. (to live)b) Verbs ending in consonant + y, we use -ied. Example: You studied. (to study)c) Verbs ending in consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) in stressed syllable, we double the final consonant and add -ed. Example: They stopped. (to stop)
23EXPRESSIONS OF FREQUENCY 1. Always2. Nearly always3. Usually4. Normally = generally5. Very often = quite often6. Often7. Frequently = regularly8. Sometimes = occasionally9. Rarely = seldom10. Hardly ever = almost never11. Never
24EXPRESSIONS OF FREQUENCY Longer expressions of frequency usually go at the end of the sentence:Every day. Almost every day. Every week. Every month Every year.Once a month. Twice a week. Three times a year.Not very often.Example: I don’t use my mobile phone very often.From time to time. = Now and then.
25IRREGULAR VERBS i.a.u INFINITIVE BASE FORM PRESENT 3rd p.s..- ING PAST PARTICIPLEMEANINGTo_beginBeginBeginsBeginningBeganBegunempezarTo_drinkDrinkDrinksDrinkingDrankDrunkbeberTo_ringRingRingsRingingRangRungsonar,llamarTo_shrinkShrinkShrinksShrinkingShrankShrunkencogerTo_singSingSingsSingingSangSungcantarTo_sinkSinkSinksSinkingSankSunkhundirseTo_springSpringSpringsSpringingSprangSprungsaltarTo_stinkStinkStinksStinkingStankStunkapestarTo_swimSwimSwimsSwimmingSwamSwumnadar
26IRREGULAR VERBS 1.2.1 INFINITIVE BASE FORM PRESENT 3rd p.s..- ING PAST ARTICIPLEmeaningTo_becomeBecomeBecomesBecomingBecamehacerse,llegar_a_serTo_comeComeComesComingCamevenirTo_runRunRunsRunningRancorrer
27PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE 1. Form.AFFIRMATIVE: We use the affirmative form of the verb to be (Present Simple) as auxiliary verbm plus the -ing form of the main verb.Examples: I am eating. He is studying. They are writing.NEGATIVE: We use the negative form of the verb to be (Present Simple), plus the -ing form of the main verb.Examples: You aren’t working. The sun isn’t shining.INTERROGATIVE: We use the interrogative form of the verb to be (Present Simple), plus the -ing form of the main verb.Examples: Are they fishing? Is John watching TV?SHORT ANSWERS: The same as the short answers of the Present Simple of to be.Examples: Yes, they are. No, they aren’t. Yes, he is. No, he isn’t.2. Use. We use the Present Continuous Tense:a) To talk about things that are happening now.b) To talk about things that are happening around now, but not exactly at the moment we speak. Example: What are you doing these days? I’m learning Spanish.c) To talk about plans for a fixed time in the future. Examples: He’s starting a new job next week. Tony and Ann are coming on Sunday.3. Spelling. –inga) Verbs ending in mute -e, they drop the -e and add -ing.Examples: Make.> Making. Hope.> Hoping.b) Verbs ending in -ie, they change to ‘y’ and add -ing.Examples: Die.>Dying. Lie.>Lying. Tie.>Tying.c) Verbs ending in consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) in stressed syllables, they double the final consonant and add -ing.Examples: Stop.>Stopping. Begin.>Beginning.