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World Class Standards Smart Grids Status of Standardization Initiatives Emmanuel Darmois © ETSI 2010. All rights reserved Scoping Meeting, June 14 th 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "World Class Standards Smart Grids Status of Standardization Initiatives Emmanuel Darmois © ETSI 2010. All rights reserved Scoping Meeting, June 14 th 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 World Class Standards Smart Grids Status of Standardization Initiatives Emmanuel Darmois © ETSI All rights reserved Scoping Meeting, June 14 th 2010

2 World Class Standards Outline Smart Grids: an ICT view Institutional initiatives EU Smart Grids Task Force CEN/CENELEC/ETSI Joint Working Group NIST Smart Grids Interoperability Panel ITU-T Smart Grids Focus Group Standardization activities Some open questions 2 ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting – June 14, 2010

3 World Class Standards Smart Grids : an ICT view

4 World Class Standards Smart Grids: the need for ICT standards Whatever the definition: EC Smart Grids Task Force (http://www.smartgridtoday.com/public/939.cfm)http://www.smartgridtoday.com/public/939.cfm The European Commission defines a Smart Grid as an electricity network that can intelligently integrate the actions of all users connected to it, including generators, consumers and those that do both in order to efficiently deliver sustainable, economic and secure electricity supplies. … Smart Grids are an opportunity for the ICT industry Smart Grids are about power but also: billing, e-Commerce, subscription management, OAM functions, data models, connectivity and routing, access technologies, data storage, virtualization, cyber-security, … … and ICT Standardization will be a key enabler Smart Grids are about building complex interoperable ICT systems That can only be achieved with global standards (like those ETSI is building) A smarter grid makes this transformation possible by bringing the philosophies, concepts and technologies that enabled the Internet to the utility and the electric grid, US Dept. of Energy report on Exploring the imperative of revitalizing Americas electric infrastructure 4 ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting – June 14, 2010

5 World Class Standards ICT meets Power : a layered view Service Plane Billing e-Commerce Subscription management and activation Business processes Control and Connectivity plane OAM functions Protection and restoration Traffic engineering Connectivity and routing Virtualization Access technologies Time synchronization Energy Plane Sensors Electric storage and interconnection Transmission and Distribution Power Systems, etc. … with some vertical enablers Security Data models 5 Service Energy IP Network Control ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting – June 14, 2010

6 World Class Standards Similar end goals but different paths EU Background: a fragmented electricity market Deregulation of electricity in some EC states Vision: Start with a smart metering infrastructure then extend to a smart grid network US Background: an aging power grid Vision: Smart meters and AMI are part of the toolbox that allows to build a smart grid infrastructure 6 Need for a global (architecture) approach and for regional implementation ETSI, as a global and EU based ICT standards organization, is ideally placed Remote Meter Management Smart Metering Smart Home Consumption Awareness Demand Response Smart Grids Smart Grids AMIDistribution Grid management Electrical Transpor tation Wide Area Situational Awareness … AMI: Advanced Metering Infrastructure ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting – June 14, 2010

7 World Class Standards Government Stimulus Programs USA The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 provides $5B for smart grids infrastructure. The DoE offers $3.9B to support Smart Grid technology EU SET Plan defines the following objectives: 35% of electricity from dispersed and concentrated renewable sources by 2020 integrating further national networks into a pan-European network guaranteeing a high quality of electricity supply EU has funded a large number of research projects under FP7 China: 5-year plan for building a wide area monitoring system by 2012 Australia: Plans $100M in 2010 for National Energy Efficiency Initiative for Smart Grid, Smart City. … 7 ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting – June 14, 2010

8 World Class Standards Institutional Initiatives

9 World Class Standards Smart Grids and the EU Perspective Smart Grids Directive 2009/72/EC of 13 July 2009 "Member States should encourage the modernisation of distribution networks, such as through the introduction of smart grids, which should be built in a way that encourages decentralised generation and energy efficiency." The EU Smart Grids Task Force A Steering Committee and 3 Expert Groups EG 1. Functionalities of Smart Grids and Smart Meters. State of the art standards field trials,, products on the market Functionalities services, SG components, functions, strategy for standards EG 2. Regulatory recommendations for data safety, data handling & data protection. Who owns the data? Who has access to the data? Need for one (standardized) data model. Cyber Security EG 3. Roles and responsibilities of actors involved in the deployment of Smart Grids. Includes a section on Role of standards First results due Mid-2010: recommendations Next stes: Second document expected Jan. 2011; towards an EC Mandate 9 ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting – June 14, 2010

10 World Class Standards EU Smart Grids Task Force Participation to Steering Committee & Expert Groups (EG) EG1: Functionalities of Smart Grids and Smart Meters. EG2: Regulatory recommendations for data safety, handling & protection EG3: Roles & responsibilities of actors involved in the deployment of SGs Expected outcome: draft recommendations on June 22 nd 2010 TF will continue and issue a new document on January 2011 Some documents available on the ETSI dropbox and some on: Participation of ETSI Steering Committee: Walter Weigel, Emmanuel Darmois EG1:Omar Elloumi (Alcatel-Lucent) EG2:Francois Ennesser (Gemalto) EG3: Samia Benrach-Massam (Bouygues Telecom) Progress All EGs have delivered their Final Report to be merged before June 22 nd Good ETSI participation and a lot of our comments taken into account 10 ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting – June 14, 2010

11 World Class Standards EU M/441 Smart Metering Mandate European Commission Mandate Issued in March 2009 by DG TREN Sent to the 3 ESO's : CEN, CENELEC and ETSI Main objective To build standards for European smart meters, allowing interoperability and Consumer actual consumption awareness Time schedule : March months state of the art of existing standards, gap analysis, and first Work Program March months Develop new smart metering standards 11 ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting – June 14, 2010

12 World Class Standards 12 M/441: Co-ordination Structure (level 2) Accepted mandate and responsible for standards CEN TC294 CLC TC13 CLC TC205 ETSI M2M Smart Metering Standard-making SM-CG acts as advisory group to the ESOs Helps coordinate standardisation activities Management / Organisation Standard making Working Groups Participating TCs CLC TC205 Participating TCs CEN TC294 CLC TC13 ETSI M2M 12 ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting – June 14, 2010

13 World Class Standards M/441: Involvement of ETSI 13 Standard making Working Groups Participating TCs CLC TC205 Participating TCs CEN TC294 CLC TC13 ETSI M2M Home AutomationNon Electricity MetersElectricity Meters… M2M ERM TISPAN WG5 PLT SCP 3GPP ATTM 13 ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting – June 14, 2010

14 World Class Standards Schedule (Current Baseline for contributions: v0.1.4) v0.1.4, new baseline for contributions from SMCG WGR members Review during Web based conference deadline for contributions for v v0.2.0, first draft, distribution to SMCG v0.2.0, first draft for information on SMCG Plenary meeting Incorporation of further comments v0.3.0, second draft for endorsement during SMCG WGR meeting Distribution to SMCG and ESO Boards (one month comments phase) One month for discussion and incorporation of comments v0.4.0, third draft for endorsement during SMCG Plenary meeting 3 months consultation period to vote (involved parties: ESO Boards, NSOs, TCs) Publication SM-CG Technical Report - Schedule 14 today 14 ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting – June 14, 2010

15 World Class Standards CEN/CENELEC/ETSI Smart Grids Joint WG A common initiative launched on March 8 th Major stakeholders represented; ETSI presentation Agreement to form a coordination group Discussion of Terms of Reference A coordination structure; no standards making; recommendations Suggestion to name this group "Focus Group" First Meeting of Joint WG Ralph Sporer elected as Chairman (to be confirmed by JWG) Presentation of ToR of the "Focus Group" Full endorsement after reception of ETSI Board comments (this week) First activity: a set of recommendations; target: end of 2010 Content to be decided early June (ETSI part of the drafting team) Actual participation of ETSI experts to be confirmed ETSI Presentation Main points addressed: presentation of M2M; June 14 th workshop 15 ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting – June 14, 2010

16 World Class Standards ITU-T Smart Grids Focus Group ITU-T has recently created a Focus Group on Smart Grid Terms of Reference ( )http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/focusgroups/smart/ The Focus Group (FG) aims to identify potential impacts on standards development; investigate future ITU-T study items and related actions; familiarize ITU-T and standardization communities with emerging attributes of smart grid; encourage collaboration between ITU-T and smart grid communities. The FG will collaborate with worldwide SG communities (research institutes, forums, academia, …) including other SDOs and consortia. Leadership team Chairman: Les Brown (Lantiq, Germany); VC: (Ms) Li Haihua (China Academy of Telecom Research, MIIT), Hyoungsoo Kim (KT, Korea), Yoshito Sakurai (Hitachi, Japan). First meeting is scheduled on June 2010 in Geneva. Some ETSI members (incl. 1 Board member) will attend 16 ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting – June 14, 2010

17 World Class Standards NIST and Smart Grids NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) Provides the Coordination of Interoperability Standards in the USA Adopted a three phase plan for Smart Grid Interoperability Published NIST Framework and Roadmap, Release 1.0 NIST has created a Smart Grid and Interoperability Panel (SGIP) Not a Standards Developing Organization Project Management of the production of the appropriate standards 1600 Individual Members, 600 Organizations Public Plenary Meetings and Current status of ETSI relation with NIST SGIP ETSI has presented its activities to May 28th SGIP Plenary Meeting Suggestion to join made by NIST SGIP 17 ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting – June 14, 2010

18 World Class Standards 18 US – Smart Grid Standards ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting – June 14, 2010

19 World Class Standards NIST Priority Action Plans 17 PAPs have been defined, 16 still open PAP 0 (Meter Upgradeability Standard) has been closed The priority action plans define the problem, establish the objectives, and identify the likely standards bodies and users associations pertinent to the standards modifications, enhancements, and harmonization required.priority action plans In addition, a few committees and work groups are established: Smart Grid Architecture Committee Smart Grid Testing & Certification Committee Cyber Security Coordination Task Group 19 ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting – June 14, 2010

20 World Class Standards Standardization Eco-system

21 World Class Standards Smart Grids Ecosystem A very complex eco-system Even more than depicted below Close relationship of Standardization and Regulation 21 ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting – June 14, 2010

22 World Class Standards The role of IEC Standards 22 ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting – June 14, 2010

23 World Class Standards Important IEC standards for the Smart Grid IEC 61970/61968: Common Information Model IEC 61850: Substation Automation Systems and DER IEC 62351: Security for the Smart Grid IEC 62357: Seamless Integration Reference Architecture IEC 60870: Transport Protocols IEC : Communications and monitoring for wind power plants IEC 61334: DLMS IEC 62056: COSEM IEC 62325: Market Communications using CIM ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting – June 14, 2010

24 World Class Standards Some ICT actors in SG Standardization ANSI C12 suite Open and mature set of standards pertaining to smart metering for the US market. DLMS (Device Language Message Specification) The suite of standards developed and maintained by the DLMS User Association and has been co-opted by the IEC TC13 WG14 into the IEC series of standards. COSEM or Companion Specification for Energy Metering, includes a set of specifications that defines the Transport and Application Layers of the DLMS protocol. ETSI M2M Develops an horizontal architecture for M2M applications including Smart Metering. IEEE P2030 A project developing a Draft Guide for Smart Grid Interoperability of Energy Technology and Information Technology Operation with the Electric Power System (EPS), and End-Use Applications and Loads. IETF Created a set of activities pertaining to sensor technologies at large: 6Lowpan, roll. The objective is to bring IP all the way to low CPU, battery operated sensor devices. The IETF work is moving up the layers to introduce an HTTP equivalent for sensor devices (CoAP protocol). Recently the IETF created the smart grid directorate which is believed to be working on a large BoF session on smart power and the role of IP for Smart Grid systems. ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting – June 14,

25 World Class Standards As an introduction …

26 World Class Standards The ETSI Approach to Smart Grids Building on the large ICT expertise of ETSI members Smart Grids Standards Gap Analysis From M2M to Smart Metering to Smart Grids Bringing Smart Grids requirements to other standards fields Wireless Networks, Security, … Collaboration with all stakeholders in the SG ecosystem Users Regulators, in particular within EU European Standardization System (CEN, CENELEC, ETSI) Research Roadmap for ETSI work in Smart Grids First step: Scoping Workshop, June 14th 26 ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting – June 14, 2010

27 World Class Standards Some Open Issues & Questions Links with other SG initiatives Experts contributing to CEN/CENELEC/ETSI JWG needed Should ETSI be a member of NIST SGIP ? Several SDO/For a are : IEC, HomePlug, OASIS, … Benefits and condition of participation to be evaluated More links with initiatives in Asia-Pacific to be created Presentation of ETSI to EU-China Conference on SG (April 28 th, Beijing) Information and awareness Participation to external events: creating the Thought Leadership Have you seen: 27 ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting – June 14, 2010

28 World Class Standards Background material

29 World Class Standards 29 US – Economic Stimulus American Recovery and Reinvestment Plan – 2009 $787 Billion stimulus The bill provides $4.5 billion to modernize the nation's electricity grid with smart grid technology. The bill increases federal matching grants for the Smart Grid Investment Program from 20% to 50%. $10M for NIST to coordinate smart grid standards Department of Energy (DOE) lead agency for U.S. Government - $3.4 billion of Stimulus-funded Smart Grid Investment Grants The bill provides $2.5 billion for renewable energy and energy efficiency R&D, demonstration and deployment activities. The bill provides a three-year extension of the Production Tax Credit (PTC) for electricity derived from wind facilities through December 31, 2012, as well as or geothermal, biomass, hydropower, landfill gas, waste-to-energy and marine facilities through December ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting – June 14, 2010

30 World Class Standards NIST SGIP Membership 30 ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting – June 14, 2010

31 World Class Standards NIST SGIP Organization 31 ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting – June 14, 2010

32 World Class Standards ITU-T Focus Group Rationale According to the agreement of the October 2009 high level industry representatives meeting (WTSA Resolution 68), ITU-T study groups were invited to accelerate their work to support smart grid. The term smart grid is used for a concept of intelligent electricity networks aiming to save energy and to reduce CO2 emissions. Further, in WTSA-08 Resolution 73 (Information and communication technologies and climate change) ITU-T called for the development of appropriate Recommendations within its mandate and competency in order to support the reduction of CO2 emissions and the impacts of climate change. A smart grid concept will need harmonized support from telecommunication/ICT and electric power technologies and may result in the need for flexible network and service capabilities to accommodate demands. Smart grid principles may also be applied to the telecommunication/ICT system itself, consisting of networks and service platforms, in the course of providing services with more efficient use of energy not only for the core network and access domains but also for home networks. The Focus Group will interact with the various research activities in order to familiarize ITU-T and standardization communities with the emerging attributes of smart grid. ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting – June 14,

33 World Class Standards Smart Grids Champions Team Smart Grids Champions David BoswarthickEmmanuel Darmois Keith DickersonBernard Dugerdil Victor DominguezMargot Dor Simon HicksJoachim Koss Philippe LucasJonas Sundborg History of Meetings #118/02ToR. Preparation of Kitchenette #226/02Review of on-going activities. Kitchenette. #32/03Ultimate tuning before Kitchenette #426/04Future activities: comm., EU TF, internal work, … #502/06External activities; June 14 th Workshop 33 ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting – June 14, 2010

34 World Class Standards


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