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RFID in China for CERP Wenfeng Wang RFID research officer, senior engineer China Electronic Standardization Institute Science honesty faith service
Copyright © 2007 CESI http://www.cesi.ac.cn A RFID system
Copyright © 2007 CESI http://www.cesi.ac.cn Freqency band Typical frequencydistance Coupling manner Typical applications LF Below 135kHz1cm~2cm Magnetic or electric field Animal management Automobile key Access control HF 13.56MHz1cm~1m Magnetic field Personal identification Intelligence traffic Baggage management Access control Dangerous material management UHF 433MHz 860MHz~960MHz China : 840-845MHz and 920-925MHz >10m Electromagn etic wave Container Pallet, box Access control Item MW 2.45GHz>10m Electromagn etic wave ETC Item RFID system classification
Copyright © 2007 CESI http://www.cesi.ac.cn Industry chain RFID technology involves information, material, equipment and many other high-tech field. RFID technology involves information, material, equipment and many other high-tech field. A RFID application system covers frequency band, tag, reader, item identifier, security and privacy. A RFID application system covers frequency band, tag, reader, item identifier, security and privacy. RFID industry includes: RFID industry includes: Chip Design -> Antenna and Tag -> Reader -> Middleware -> Integration -> Users Chip Design -> Antenna and Tag -> Reader -> Middleware -> Integration -> Users
Copyright © 2007 CESI http://www.cesi.ac.cn Applications in China The second personal identification cards Transport cards Dangerous chemical vases tag Post parcel sorting The special Olympic athletes and staff The 29th summer Olympic Game ticket Miner identification and tracking
Copyright © 2007 CESI http://www.cesi.ac.cn RFID standardization MII working group Founded in October,2005 Founded in October,2005 Total 91 members from industry, university, institute Total 91 members from industry, university, institute Seven sub group: product, protocol, data format, security and privacy, application, IPR, general Seven sub group: product, protocol, data format, security and privacy, application, IPR, general Secretariat is in CESI. Secretariat is in CESI.
Copyright © 2007 CESI http://www.cesi.ac.cn RFID development trend Passive RFID is becoming the main technology. Low cost 13.56MHz, 860MHz~960MHz 10m distance Item identification Active RFID still has its advantages … Long distance >100m 433MHz, 2.45GHz, ISM Container, locating RTLS is developing … Personal locating and tracking Container locating
Copyright © 2007 CESI http://www.cesi.ac.cn Identification issues Internet of things The ID stored in the RFID tag refers to an data access address (IP + data pointer). The ID stored in the RFID tag refers to an data access address (IP + data pointer). Every item needs a unique identifier. Every item needs a unique identifier. Every company may need a IP. Every company may need a IP. Every sensor needs a IP in a sensor network. Every sensor needs a IP in a sensor network. Unique identifiers, IP What number system do we need to design ? What number system do we need to design ? EPC, OID, NID, IPV6 ? EPC, OID, NID, IPV6 ? Who governs the distribution of ID and IP? Who governs the distribution of ID and IP? UN, ISO/IEC JTC1, ITU? UN, ISO/IEC JTC1, ITU?
Copyright © 2007 CESI http://www.cesi.ac.cn What should we do next? With the internet of things Unique identifiers Unique identifiers Network architecture Network architecture Security and privacy Security and privacy Sensor network Sensor network With the active RFID RTLS RTLS
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Update. Components - tags, readers and antennas - staff stations - self checkout stations - inventory wand - return chute - sortation equipment - EAS.
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