Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7 A More Perfect Union( )"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 7 A More Perfect Union(1777-1790) Section 3 A New Plan of Government
2 Roots of the Constitution Constitution written in 4 monthsUnique American, but had roots in many other civilizationsThe Framers of the Constitution were familiar with Parliamentary system of BritainThey valued individual rightsThey respected many of the British traditions (cultural beliefs and practices)
3 English Influences Magna Carta- Placed limits on the monarchs Parliament controlled the funds for wars and gov.The colonial assemblies worked the same wayThe assemblies had some control over colonial gov.Framers used ideas from Enlightenment philosophers John Locke and Montesquieu
4 John Locke Believed people should have natural rights: Life, liberty, and propertyGovernment based on agreement between the people & rulerAmericans agreed with these natural rights.Protected the peoples’ rights by limiting the government’s power.
5 Baron De MontesquieuSaid powers of gov should be separated and balanced against each other.This would keep any person or group from gaining too much power.Powers of government should be clearly defined and limited to prevent abuse.Framers specified and divided the powers of government.
6 The Federal SystemFederalism- sharing power between federal and state governments.Under the Constitution, the federal government gained powers to:Tax, regulate trade, control currency, raise an army, and declare war.Also can pass any law that is “necessary and proper”Important powers were also left to the states
7 Debate and Adoption 9 of the 13 states had to ratify the Constitution. Supporters of the Constitution were called Federalists.Madison, Hamilton, and Jay wrote essays called the Federalist PapersPeople opposes were called AntifederalistsAlso wrote essays called the Antifederalist PapersAntifederalists argued that strong national government would take away American liberties.Antifederaists favored local government
8 Protecting RightsThe biggest criticism about the Constitution was that it lacked a Bill of RightsMany states refused to ratify (agree to it) with out a Bill of RightsFederalists feared disorder without a strong central governmentAntifederalists worried about oppression that might result from a strong central government
9 Adopting the Constitution New Hampshire became the 9th state to approve on June 21, 1788The new government could go into effect, but New York and Virginia had not ratifiedVirginia ratified after being assured a Bill of Rights would be addedThe Bill of Rights was added in 1791The final three states (NY, NC, and RI) approved the Constitution by May 1790