Smart Grid elements The Smart Grid- is the two-way flow of electricity and information to create an automated, widely distributed energy delivery network. (FCC National Broadband Plan). This also describes the update to existing power grids to become networked and intelligent. It includes: An intelligent monitoring system that keeps track of all electricity flowing in the system It incorporates the use of superconductive transmission lines for less power loss It has the capability of integrating alternative sources of electricity such as solar and wind When power is least expensive a smart grid could turn on selected home appliances or factory processes that can run at arbitrary hours. At peak times it could turn off selected appliances to reduce demand.
World Class Standards ICT meets Power : a layered view Service Plane Billing e-Commerce Subscription management and activation Business processes Control and Connectivity plane OAM functions Protection and restoration Traffic engineering Connectivity and routing Virtualization Access technologies Time synchronization Energy Plane Sensors Electric storage and interconnection Transmission and Distribution Power Systems, etc. … with some vertical enablers Security Data models 3 Service Energy IP Network Control ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting – June 14, 2010
Three main areas BEFORE THE METER : the Grid Improvement of the Transmission & Distribution of electricity with interconnected TSOs and DSOs AT THE METER : the Smart Meter It is the interface between the grid and the consumer and provides THE information for the consumer invoices. Provides more information to bill customers. AFTER THE METER : in the customer premise Management of the demand to better control the electricity consumption of customers Potentially real time information on the consumption of customers Possibility to use demand/response capabilities to manage peak time
Split of domains to identify key interfaces Smart Metering Grid domain In the house Report backInformation to the customer Information to Electrical SP Demand/response Electr. Service Provider Possible domains of work of ETSI
The Business Context The smart grid offers new opportunities and benefits for the utilities industry, vendors, governments, consumers and players from other markets Transformation of the energy grids involves many architectural elements that are commonplace amongst Telcos Key decisions are being made now and deployment is already occurring in some regions It is estimated that building Europe's smart grids will require 150 billion The Smart Grid vision will become reality beyond 2020 Stakeholders have different interests, culture and needs Pushed by public authorities to achieve political goals Pushed by new entrants to capture new business Consumers do not see the full benefit yet There are strong technical, regulatory and cultural obstacles
Some of the Key issues Grid communications requirements includes generation, transmission, distribution and consumption Is it: one network, multiple, private, commercial or a combination? Grid communications requirements range from mission critical confidential data that needs to be transmitted in real time, to less critical data transmission such Privacy – regulation & the Grid Data collected by smart meters shows if someone is home or not, Provides details on habits and patterns of the household, Alerts authorities to unlawful activity, identifies energy inefficient customers (and could penalise them)... Environment Reducing environmental impact and increasing efficiency are major policy drivers behind building smart grids It is also a message that resonates with consumers Standards For what and where in the technical chain
8 Presentations now… Presentations of the various TCs to explain their implication on the various elements of the Smart Grid Followed by a Q&A session 8 ETSI/B78(10)40
Who Benefits from the Smart Grid? WHOHOW CustomersCost reduction Increased empowerment UtilitiesBetter efficiency between energy generation and consumption Increased operation efficiency Improved delivery of energy Delivery of differentiated services TelecomsNew revenue opportunities Network optimisation SocietyReduction in GHG Shifts in societal behaviour of energy consumption GovernmentEnergy security and energy independence