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Bill of Rights.

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Presentation on theme: "Bill of Rights."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bill of Rights

2 1st Amendment Guarantees: Freedom of Expression

3 1st Amendment Rights: -Freedom of Religion
The right to practice whatever faith you desire as long as you do not infringe upon anyone else’s rights. The government cannot tell you what to believe. There is no national religion.

4 1st Amendment Rights: -Right to Assemble
You are able to have a gathering or a parade as long as the proper paperwork and permits are filled out.

5 1st Amendment Rights: -Right to Petition
This is the right to ask government to change. The most common use is getting signatures to give to the government.

6 1st Amendment Rights: -Freedom of the Press
This is the right of the press (newspapers/TV news) to write stories and opinions without having to worry about the government arresting them. Limits: The press cannot LIBEL. (Tell lies)

7 1st Amendment Rights: -Freedom of Speech (Amela Ibisevic’s Favorite )
This is the right to say what you want, but you cannot infringe on someone else’s rights. (people have the right not to hear bad language) Limits- Slander (telling lies)

8 2nd Amendment Guarantees:
-Right to keep and bear arms for a well armed militia. Limits: Citizens can have weapons as long as they meet all of the requirements. 18, no criminal record & valid permits. For automatic weapons there are special permits and fees ($) Knifes: blades need to be certain lengths & can’t be switchblade, butterfly or stiletto.

9 3rd Amendment Guarantees: -No one can be forced to quarter soldiers in peacetime. (You don’t have to keep soldiers in your house if you don’t want to)

10 4th Amendment Protects:
-People from unreasonable searches and seizures. Police must have warrants signed by a judge, with the date of search, listing where they will search and for what.

11 4th Amendment Protects: -The 3 Reasons a police officers
don’t need Search Warrants: -If it is in Plain Sight -If you give Permission -Or Exigent Circumstances, or an emergency

12 5th Amendment Guarantees:
-No one can be forced to speak against themselves in a criminal case. -This is called taking the 5th. You don’t have to tell on yourself. This also means that you may remain silent during police questioning. You do need to give your name and address however.

13 5th Amendment Guarantees:
-No one can be tried without an indictment by a grand jury. This means the grand jury must think there is enough evidence to put you on trial.

14 5th Amendment Guarantees:
-No one can be tried twice for the same crime. That would be Double Jeopardy. Meaning once you are found innocent, you can not be put back on for that same crime.

15 5th Amendment Guarantees:
-No one can lose life, liberty, or pursuit of happiness without due process of law. This means if the government is going to punish you or take something from you, there are steps they must follow.

16 5th Amendment Guarantees:
-Govt. can not use private property for public use without paying a fair price for it. This means the government can take your property, but they must prove it will benefit more people then pay you what it is worth.

17 5th Amendment Guarantees:
-People put on trial and have the right to have people testify for them, even if they don’t want to. (A Subpoena is a court order telling people they have to testify in court) -The accused person also has the right to question those who testify against them.

18 6th Amendment Guarantees: -Right to a speedy and public trial.
Your trial must be set on the closest open date available. Your trial must also be public. That way it would be harder for your rights to taken from you.

19 6th Amendment Guarantees: -Right to question and obtain witnesses.
You (or your lawyer) have the right to question witnesses who are testifying against you. You may also call witnesses who will help your case.

20 6th Amendment Guarantees: -Right to have a lawyer.
You have the right to bring a lawyer to court to help in your defense. The government must also provide a lawyer for you if you can’t afford one.

21 7th Amendment Guarantees: -A jury trial in civil cases.
This explains the right to sue. It also describes the small claims court system.

22 8th Amendment Prohibits: -Unusually high bails and fines.
You are allowed to stay out of jail during your trial if you post bail. The bail must fit the crime. Your bail cannot be $1,000, for an unpaid speeding ticket.

23 8th Amendment Prohibits: -Forbids cruel and unusual punishment.
Meaning: All punishments must fit the crimes committed. Death penalty for only certain crimes like murder. There are 5 kinds of death penalty used in this country: Electric chair, hanging, firing squad, gas chamber & lethal injection (Missouri)

24 9th Amendment Gives rights not mentioned in the Constitution to the people. You have more rights than are listed in the Constitution.

25 10th Amendment Reserves:
-All power not given to the national govt. or denied to the states, or the people Meaning: That if a power is not written in the Constitution, that power belongs to the state.

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