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A Virtual International Authority File Presentation by Barbara B. Tillett, Ph.D. Chief, Cataloging Policy and Support Office Library of Congress to the.

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Presentation on theme: "A Virtual International Authority File Presentation by Barbara B. Tillett, Ph.D. Chief, Cataloging Policy and Support Office Library of Congress to the."— Presentation transcript:

1 A Virtual International Authority File Presentation by Barbara B. Tillett, Ph.D. Chief, Cataloging Policy and Support Office Library of Congress to the Giornata di studio sul controllo di autorità nel Servizio Bibliotecario Nazionale Nov. 22, 2002

2 Objectives Facilitate sharing to reduce cataloguing costs to libraries, museums, archives, rights management agencies, etc. Simplify creation and maintenance of authority records internationally Enable users to access information in the language, script, form they prefer

3 Authority control virtues Precision in searching Syndetic structure of references to help navigate (the variant forms of name/title/subject/etc.) Displays to collocate works Links to forms used in particular resources Bring library catalogues into the mix of tools available on the Web

4 Projects to facilitate authority control on a global scale EU: AUTHOR Project, LEAF,, INTERPARTY HKCAN IFLA: MLAR, GARR, FRANAR Dublin Core Agents DELOS/NSF Working Group Actors/Roles EAC (Encoded Archival Context) CORC/Connexion Unicode/Multiple Scripts NACO/SACO for AACR2 and LSCH Users

5 Interoperability Map different communication formats with Z39.50 protocols Crosswalks to the MARCs XML ONIX

6 Virtual International Authority File (VIAF)

7 IFLA UBC authority principles Each country responsible for authority headings for its own personal and corporate authors National authority records available for everyone to use Same form and structure used worldwide

8 New view of UBC User perspective - to display script/language(s) of ones own country Bibliographic agencies still responsible for control in their own countries (or region/cataloguing rules/etc.) Link forms established in national or regional authority files to create a virtual international authority file

9 Same Entity/Variant Scripts Japanese japanisch

10 Entities Crosswalks and Mappings - not always 1-1 Examples of differences among cataloguing rules Ships Events Meetings of corporate bodies Undifferentiated names

11 Matching retrospective files One time project Matching algorithms, such as those developed by Ed ONeill and others at OCLC Links Text strings Control numbers

12 Programs to facilitate future authority work Automatic check of heading against existing local authority file If not found, automatic check against virtual international authority file Display found matches for editing or reference Insert authorized forms into local authority record for future link

13 Switching for displays sLibrary default sUser-selected preferences Client set-up, cookies, or future method Language Script Culture (country)/spelling -Labor vs. Labour

14 Standard Authority Numbers International Standard Authority Data Number ISAN INSAN ISADN National control numbers (LCCN, etc.) Unique, persistent

15 Scenario 1 Original cataloguing with match found for same entity in local authority file

16 Scenario 1 Create bibliographic record a Tchaikovsky, Peter I 245 a Piano concerto Check local authority file

17

18 Scenario 1 Corrects bibliographic record a Tchaikovsky, Peter Ilich, d a Piano concerto

19 Scenario 2 - Web launch Original cataloguing with no match found in local authority file Launches Web search of virtual international authority file Assumes response times/system reliability will improve in future

20 Scenario 2 Create bibliographic record a Tchaikovsky, Peter I 245 a Piano concerto Not found in local authority file. Checking VIAF.

21 RUSMARC-record Маркер: 00445nx : : : $a arusy0103 ca 200: 1$8rus$7ca$aЧайковский$bП. И.$f $gПетр Ильич$ : 1$8rus$7ba$aChajkovskij$bP. I.$f $gPetr Il'ich$ : 0 $aРусский композитор, ученик А.Г. Рубинштейна. 700: 1$310327$8rus$7ba$ : $aВсемирный биографический энциклопедический словарь. - М., : 0$arus$brnb$c : $aГАК РНБ. Your search of the Virtual International Authority File found the following match:

22 Scenario 2 Link authorities a Tchaikovsky, Peter I Create and Link? Yes No

23 700 1 a Чайковскийb П. И.d q Петр Ильич 0 ( ) l rus Automatically creates local authority record 010 a n a DLC b eng a Tchaikovsky, Peter Ilich, d a Chajkovskii, Petr Ilich, d Cataloguer adds AACR2 form with link

24 Virtual International Authority File (VIAF) Tchaikovsky (LC)n

25 Scenario 2 Corrects bibliographic record a Tchaikovsky, Peter Ilich, d a Piano concerto

26 Local system - User view Users cookie specifies Cyrillic/Russian preferred. Display 700 form, building on local systems authority structure

27

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29 Possible models - VIAF Distributed: independent authority files with Z39.50 search Linked: Z39.50 search on linked authority records (increases precision of search) Centralized: OAI, union authority file; metadata on server linked to authority files Central link: all authority files link to one

30 Distributed - independent AFs with Z39.50 access SEARCH

31 Distributed - independent AFs with Z39.50 access RETRIEVE

32 Linked SEARCH

33 Linked RETRIEVE

34 Central Link

35 Centralized - Union Authority File (OAI Model)

36 VIAF Proof of Concept DDB/LC/OCLC LCNAF DDB/PND OCLC matching algorithms Stage 1 Retrospective Files Link

37 VIAF Proof of Concept DDB/LC/OCLC LCNAF DDB/PND OAI Server(s) Stage 2 Build OAI Server

38 VIAF Proof of Concept DDB/LC/OCLC LCNAF DDB/PND

39 VIAF Proof of Concept DDB/LC/OCLC LC user VIAF LCNAF ILS/Voyager

40 VIAF Proof of Concept DDB/LC/OCLC OAI Server(s) Stage 3 Ongoing maintenance - Harvest metadata (OAI protocols) LCNAF DDB/PND

41 VIAF Proof of Concept DDB/LC/OCLC OAI Server(s) LCNAF DDB/PND Stage 4 End user interface - Unicode displays

42 Semantic Web Building Blocks End-user A&I controlled vocabularies (Library) authority files Other controlled vocabularies Ontologies

43 Semantic Web Building Blocks End-user

44 Semantic Web Building Blocks End-user Ontologies Web search engines Digital world

45 Future


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