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The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, 2007 …and the Context.

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Presentation on theme: "The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, 2007 …and the Context."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, 2007 …and the Context in which It Operates

2 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, The enterprise of science is evolving And so is the context in which it operates

3 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, Some baseline contextual points Science and technology are increasingly imbedded in every aspect of modern life Everywhere in the world There is general agreement throughout the world that science and technology have brought great benefits to humankind And that the benefits, overall, have outweighed the costs/risks

4 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, The context for science is being influenced by Trends within science itself Public attitudes World events and government priorities/policies Increasingly global character of science

5 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, The context for science is being influenced by Trends within science itself

6 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, On the one hand Were living in the best of scientific times

7 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, Advances in science are coming at a fantastic pace The rate of incremental advance is accelerating New technologies are enabling quantum jumps in understanding

8 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, Latest revolutionizing technologies Molecular biology Computer and information technologies Imaging technologies

9 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, L. Chang, M.D., T. Ernst, Ph.D., O. Speck, Ph.D. Harbor-UCLA Medical Center Generating words (left brain dominant) Left Right Dorsal Ventral Anterior posterior L R L R SMA Brocas area Parietal Cortex Functional MRI of a normal subject writing a talk Chang, et al.

10 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, Descartes Mind and Body are Inseparable

11 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, So, advances in science are coming at a fantastic pace And thats good

12 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, On the other hand….

13 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, Other issues within science are not going so well…and negatively affect the broader (societal) context for science Incidents of scientific misconduct Human subjects concerns Animal welfare issues Conflict of interest problems Publishing by press release

14 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, The context for science is being influenced by Trends within science itself Public attitudes

15 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, The science-society relationship is not totally smooth

16 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, People generally still respect science and technology….

17 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, US publics view of scientific research National Science Board, Science and Engineering Indicators

18 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, But they have little understanding of what is and is not science 60% of Americans believe in extrasensory perception 41% think astrology is somewhat scientific 47% still do not answer true to the statement: Human beings developed from earlier species of animals Science and Engineering Indicators, 2004

19 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, There is increasing tension in the science-society relationship A new dimension has been added to the publics view of and behavior toward science and technology

20 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, Historically, science and technology have been evaluated primarily on the basis of their costs/risks and benefits

21 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, Now, values (and politics) are being overlaid onto simple risk/benefit calculations

22 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, Scientific issues that abut against values Embryonic stem cell research Studying personal topics Sex Intelligent Design versus evolution in science classrooms and science museums

23 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, Intelligent design claims to believe in gradual change But a supernatural being guided the process Claims to be a scientific, alternative theory to evolution Advocates argue teach both theories in science classes Is an evolved version of creationism

24 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, Creationism/Intelligent Design vs science education are no longer just US problems UK Germany Canada Poland Turkey Brazil Kenya

25 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, Many neuroscience issues abut against human values The nature of the mind Mind-body-soul concepts The ability for anyone to look into your brain and watch your mind in action Darkest secret thoughts

26 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, Overlay of values is having serious consequences for the whole science-society relationship Society wants to influence science Rather than just the reverse Creating tension between science and the rest of society

27 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, We cant just educate our way out of it The problem is not just lack of understanding People do understand much of what were saying or want to do They dont like it The conflict with their core values trumps their view of societal benefits Only scientists are bound to stick to the science

28 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, What can we do? Continue protesting/lamenting the situation Adopt a more assertive strategy Engage with the public on the issues Try to find common ground

29 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, Communicating Communicating to the public with the public We need to change not only the style and content but also the intent of the conversation:

30 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, We need to hear from the public about: Their concerns about science and technology and their concomitants Risks and benefits Encroachment on human values Their priorities among research areas Questions they would like or need us to answer Help frame the research agenda

31 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, Public Understanding +

32 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, Public Education +

33 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, The context for science is being influenced by Trends within science itself Public attitudes World events and government priorities/policies

34 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, Events of 9/11/2001 had a dramatic effect on the US and its international scientific relationships

35 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, Impacts on science in and with the US Visa issues – foreign students & visitors Restrictive clauses in grants & contracts (export controls) Laboratory security – select agents Concerns about scientific publication Sensitive but unclassified information New US research priorities

36 36

37 37 Source: Council of Graduate Schools, 2006

38 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, Post 9/11 Security Issues New research priorities

39 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, New research priorities Bioterrorism Transportation security Cybersecurity Safety of the food supply

40 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, World events Have made scientific travel much more difficult Have altered science funding patterns and priorities

41 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, Increasing recognition of importance of S&T to innovation and economic prosperity

42 42

43 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, …the committee is deeply concerned that the scientific and technical building blocks of our economic leadership are eroding at a time when many other nations are gathering strength….

44 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, Recommendations Improve k-12 science and math education Strengthen US commitment to long- term basic research

45 45

46 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, American Competitiveness Initiative Doubles funding over 10 years for physical sciences and engineering Increased funding for teacher training and new curriculum materials R&D tax credits for industry Comprehensive immigration reform

47 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, Many countries are recognizing the science- economy (jobs) imperative US Canada China India European Union UK Israel Japan Australia Belgium Sweden

48 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, The point: Science is good for innovation; Innovation is good for the economy (and for other things too) Invest in science!

49 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, The context for science is being influenced by Trends within science itself Public attitudes World events and government priorities/policies Increasingly global character of science

50 50

51 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, Percent international submissions and acceptances at Science,

52 52 from AAU, 2006

53 53

54 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, This all shows: High quality science is going on all around the world Some countries are investing very heavily And its working

55 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, The scientific enterprise is functioning in a more global way International research teams

56 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, Percent of US articles with international collaborations 1988 vs NSF, S&E Indicators, 2004.

57 57

58 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, Globalization is also occurring in industrial R&D

59 59

60 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, Message on globalization Science and technology are now truly global and collaborative If you want to be a full member of the scientific community, you need to participate in the global enterprise!

61 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8, Summary thoughts The world is changing The societal context for science is changing The enterprise of science itself is changing It is ever-more global

62 The Globalization of the Science Enterprise International Conference on Women Leaders in Science, Technology and Engineering January 8,


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