2Origins of the Electoral College The electoral college was created by the founding fathers of the Constitution as part of a compromise between the election of a president by congress and election by a popular voteMany of the founders of the Constitution did not trust the people of the new country to make a sound and educated decision
3- When you vote for the President you are actually voting for an ELECTOR to vote for you - Each state has a pre-determined number of electors
4A state’s number of electors is the total number of Senators and Representatives in the House MISSOURI2 senators8 representativesTotal 10 electors
5Who are the Electors?The electors are a popularly elected body chosen by the states and District of Columbia on the “first Tuesday after the first Monday in November”These are usually long-standing party activists
6QualificationsArticle II section I clause II states “No Senator or Representative or a person holding an office of trust or profit shall be appointed an elector.”He or she cannot be someone who has "engaged in insurrection or rebellion" against the U.S.
7There are a total of 538 electoral votes (the District of Columbia is not a state but is given 3 electoral votes)
848 out of the 50 states have a “winner takes all” method The winner of these states receives ALL electoral college votes for the state!
92 states are different and can divide up their votes based on congressional district - Nebraska and Maine
10A candidate must have 270 electoral votes to win the Presidential election
11If no single candidate gets the required 270 electoral votes then the House of Representatives votes to decide the President
14Total Votes in 2000 Election: Bush 50,461,092 total votes(47.9%)271 Electoral VotesGore 50,994,086 total votes(48.4%)266 Electoral VotesNader 2,882,728 total votes(2.7%)0 Electoral College Votes
15Bush v. GoreBush v. Gore- The differing ways in which various counties were recounting votes violated the 14th Amendment’s Equal Protection Clause.Supreme Court rules 5-4 decision to end recounts, ultimately giving Bush a 537-vote lead in Florida and Florida’s 25 electoral votes. Decision still remains highly controversial.
19Critical ThinkingWhat are some of the potential problems with the current system of electing a president?What, if anything, should be done to change this process?
20Concerns with this system Because certain states have such a large population and thus more electoral votes, there becomes a great disparity between the political candidates campaigning in certain states.Candidates have a tendency to concentrate their efforts on big states more than small states (“Fly Over States”)
21Faithless ElectorsFaithless electors are those for one reason or another do not vote for their party’s designated candidateThere have been 157 faithless electors -people who have voted for someone outside of the party’s recommendation.In 1836, 23 electors from Virginia acted together to change their vote
22Minority VoteIt is not necessary to earn a majority of votes in order to win the election.In fact several presidents have been elected without a majority of votes in the November election.In 1824, 1876, 1888 and this occurred
23Only necessary to win big states In 2000 it was possible to win just 11 states and become President.In 2000: California 55, Texas 34, New York 31, Florida 27, Illinois 27, Pennsylvania 21, Ohio 20, Michigan 17, Georgia 15, New Jersey 15, North Carolina 15271 electoral votes = President of the United States
24Does My Vote Count? Population Electoral votes Weight of vote Yes, your vote counts, but every vote does count, it just counts in a more complicated way.PopulationElectoral votesResidents per electorWeight of voteCalifornia33,871,64854627,2530.83North Carolina8,049,31314574,9510.91Alaska626,9323208,9772.50United States281,421,906538523,0891.00