Presentation on theme: "Milady’s Standard Cosmetology"— Presentation transcript:
1Milady’s Standard Cosmetology Seeking EmploymentMilady’s Standard Cosmetology
2“Empty pockets never held anyone back “Empty pockets never held anyone back. Only empty heads and empty hearts can do that”Normal Vincent Peale
3Objectives Discuss the essentials of becoming test-wise Explain the steps involved in preparing for employmentList and describe the different types of salon businessesWrite an achievement-oriented resume and prepare an employment portfolio
4ObjectivesExplain how to explore the job market and research potential employersBe prepared to complete an effective employment interviewLEARNING MOTIVATION (WHY?)Top professionals in the field of cosmetology are not born, they are made by their own desires, energies, and persistence. Those successful stylists first began by enrolling in cosmetology school and sticking with it. They are the ones who had stars in their eyes and a passion for making their dreams come true. They made sure they were prepared when the door of opportunity opened. They are the ones who use their time wisely and make the most of the time they have. They plan for their future, go the extra mile, and have the self-confidence to meet any challenge. They owe their success to no one but themselves because they have created it.If you want to enjoy the same success as the top industry professionals, you need to be prepared for the opportunities that await you. One of your primary goals when you chose cosmetology as a career was to be able to obtain gainful employment in a field that you enjoy. You are putting in your time in school; you are learning the basics of your craft. When you are near graduation is the time for you to pursue employment in this exciting field. You have already or will soon learn the basics of salon management and operation. That knowledge will aid you in your pursuit of the “right” salon for you. It will also help you respect the need to deliver worthy service for value received in an employer-employee relationship.We know that there are more jobs available for entry-level cosmetologists than there are stylists to fill them in most of the country. This is a good thing for you! That does not, however, mean you should not do thorough research to discover what options are available before you take the giant first leap and commit. If you choose the right first job, your career will be launched on the fast track for career success.There are a number of questions you should answer before you begin. What do you want from your career? What particular areas of cosmetology are of greatest interest to you? In what ways do you wish to use your skills? What skills do you perform best? (This is your skills inventory.) What personal qualities do you bring to the table? In today’s lesson, we’ll pursue ways for you to answer these questions and continue your journey to success.
5Preparing for Licensure Master program contentBecome “test-wise”PREPARING FOR LICENSURE: Before you can obtain employment, you have to first successfully complete the licensing examination set forth by your area’s regulatory or licensing agency.ACTIVITY: Conduct a discussion about the students’ experiences with test-taking. Ask them to convey the emotions and feelings that they have prior to taking a test. At the conclusion of the discussion, inform them that by becoming “test-wise,” they may be able to overcome some of those negative feelings and experiences.PREPARING FOR THE TEST: First you must master the course content. It will also be helpful to develop strong test-taking skills to draw upon. Being “test-wise” means having a complete and thorough knowledge of your subject matter and understanding the strategies for taking tests successfully.
6Habits to Develop Plan a realistic study schedule Read content carefullyKeep well-organized notebookBuild detailed vocabulary listTake effective notesOrganize and review handoutsListen carefully for test cuesPlan a realistic study schedule.Read content carefully. Become an active studier.Keep well-organized notebook.Build detailed vocabulary list.Take effective notes.Organize and review handouts.Listen carefully for test cues. Make note of any clues about what can be expected on the test.
7Holistic Hints Be mentally ready Get rest the night before test Dress comfortablyAnticipate test anxietyAvoid cramming the night beforeHOLISTIC HINTSBe mentally ready. Develop a positive attitude toward test taking.Get rest the night before test.Dress comfortably. If unsure of the weather or climate, wear layers so you can adjust.Anticipate some anxiety. Feeling concerned about the test results may actually help you prepare better and do better.Avoid cramming the night before. Cramming may harm your self-confidence or feeling of preparedness.
8Test-Day Strategies Relax and slow down physically Review material lightlyArrive earlyRead diretions and listen carefullyAsk if you do not understandTEST-DAY STRATEGIESRelax and slow down physically. Take deep breaths to calm yourself.Review material lightly. If at all possible, do so on the same day as the exam.Arrive early. Be alert, calm, and ready for the challenge; maintain a self-confident attitude.Read directions and listen carefully.Ask if you do not understand.
9Test-Day Strategies Skim test before beginning Budget time Wear a watch to monitor timeBegin as soon as possibleMark answers quickly but carefullyAnswer easiest questions firstMark skipped questionsSkim test before beginning.Budget time. Do not spend too much time on any one question.Wear a watch to monitor time.Begin as soon as possible. Mark the answers quickly but carefully.Answer easiest questions first. Skimming allows you to identify those that may be more difficult.Mark skipped questions so you can find them quickly when you go back to them later.
10Test-Day Strategies Read questions carefully Answer as many as possible (guess if unsure)Look over finished testChange answers with good reason onlyCheck test before turning inRead questions carefully. Make sure you understand all parts of the question.Answer as many questions as possible. For questions you are unsure of, guess or estimate.Look over finished test. Make sure you have read all questions correctly and have answered as many as possible.Change answers with good reason only.Check test or test booklet carefully before turning it in. Make sure your name is entered correctly; check to make sure you answered all questions to the best of your ability, etc.
11Deductive Reasoning Strategies Eliminate incorrect optionsWatch for “key” termsStudy the stemDEDUCTIVE REASONING STRATEGIES: Deductive reasoning is the process of reaching logical conclusions by employing logical thinking or reasoning.Eliminate incorrect options. The more you eliminate, the better chance you have of identifying the correct answer.Watch for “key” terms. Look for any qualifying conditions and statements. Keep an eye out for words like usually, commonly, always, never, etc.Study the stem. The stem is the basic question or problem. Often the stem will provide a clue to the correct answer or even an answer to another question.
12Deductive Reasoning Strategies Watch for grammatical cluesLook at similar or related questionsIn essay questions, address the issueWatch for grammatical clues. For example, if the last word in the stem is “an,” the answer must begin with a vowel rather than a consonant.Look at similar or related questions. They may provide clues.In essay, address the issue. Watch for words like compare, contrast, discuss, evaluate, analyze, define, or describe, and develop your answer accordingly.In reading tests, read question first. This will help you look for and identify important elements in the paragraph.In reading tests, read questions first
13True/False Test Strategies Watch for qualifying wordsTo be true, entire statement must be trueLong statements may be more likely to be trueTEST FORMAT STRATEGIES: Again, you must know your material. However, there are a few tips that may be helpful with the different types of test formats.TRUE/FALSEWatch for qualifying words, such as all, most, some, none, always, usually, sometimes, never, little, no, equal, less, good, bad, etc.To be true, entire statement must be true.Long statements may be more likely to be true. It takes more detail to provide truthful, factual information.
14Multiple Choice Strategies Read entire question and all choices carefullyLook for best choiceEliminate incorrect answersWhen two choices are close or similar, one is probably correctWhen two choices are identical, both must be wrongMULTIPLE CHOICERead entire question carefully, including all choices.Look for best choice. More than one may have some truth in it.Eliminate incorrect answers. Cross them out if you are allowed to.When two choices are close or similar, one is probably correct.When two choices are identical, both must be wrong.
15Multiple Choice Strategies When two choices are opposite, one is probably correct“All of the above” responses are often correctNote words like not, except, butWhen two of the choices are opposite, one is probably right and the other wrong.“All of the above” responses are often correct.Note words like not, except, but.Guess if you don’t know, as long as there is no penalty.Answer to one question may be in stem of another.
16Multiple Choice Strategies Guess if you don’t know (if there is no penalty)Answer to one question may be in stem of anotherWhen two of the choices are opposite, one is probably right and the other wrong.“All of the above” responses are often correct.Note words like not, except, but.Guess if you don’t know, as long as there is no penalty.Answer to one question may be in stem of another.
17Matching Strategies Read both lists before beginning Check off items from the brief response list to eliminate choicesMATCHINGRead both lists before beginning.Check off items from the brief response list to eliminate choices.
18Essay Strategies Organize answer to “cue” words in question Think carefully and outline answer before you begin writingBe complete, accurate, relevant, well-organized, clearESSAYSOrganize answer to cue words in question.Think carefully; outline answer before you begin writing.Be complete, accurate, relevant, well-organized, clear.The most important aspect of becoming test-wise is following the rules of effective studying and knowing your subject matter.
19Practical Exam Tips Practice correct skills often Participate in “mock” examsBe familiar with exam bulletinKeep equipment clean and implements sanitary and workingPRACTICAL EXAM TIPSPractice correct skills as often as you can.Participate in “mock” exams. Duplicate the exam as closely as possible, including kit packing and timing of skills.Be familiar with exam bulletin. Most licensing agencies send out examination bulletins that contain details about what to expect on the exam; read it carefully.Keep equipment clean and implements sanitary and working.
20Practical Exam Tips Observe other practical exams Locate exam site prior to examListen carefully to instructionsFocus on your own knowledgePractice sanitation and safety at all timesObserve other practical exams before yours. If this is allowed by the licensing agency, it is to your advantage to do so.Locate exam site prior to exam. This will help ensure you are on time for the examination.Listen carefully to instructions. Ask questions if you do not understand.Focus on your own knowledge. Don’t worry about what other test candidates are doing.Follow safety and sanitation procedures at all times.
21Personal Skills Assessment Posture and poiseGrooming and personal hygieneManners and courtesyCommunications skillsASSESS SKILLS AND CHARACTERISTICSPERSONAL INVENTORY ACTIVITY: Have the students use the form found in the text to take a personal inventory of their qualities and characteristics.Posture, poise. How do you carry yourself?Grooming, personal hygiene. Do you practice good personal hygiene daily?Manners, courtesy. Are you polite? Do you say please and thank you?Communications skills. Can you articulate your message? Are you clean and concise when speaking with clients? Do they understand you?
22Personal Skills Assessment Positive attitudePersonal habitsSelf-esteem and self-confidenceHonesty and integrityDependabilityAttitude. Are you positive? Do you project a winning attitude?Personal habits. Do you have any habits that are annoying to others?Self esteem, self-confidence. Do you believe in yourself?Honesty, integrity. Are you truthful and loyal?Dependability. Can you be counted on to be there when you are supposed to be?NOTE: Conduct a discussion about what students discovered as they completed the first part of the personal inventory.
23Technical Skills Assessment Analyze each skills areaAre skills suitable for any salon type? If not, why not?What skills do they need to develop to work in their desired salon type?TECHNICAL SKILLS ACTIVITY: Have students analyze each skills area. Ask them to think about whether their skills are suitable for any type salon? If not, why not?After you have completed the personal inventory activity and identified areas that need further attention, you can determine where to focus the remainder of your training.
24Desired Employment Characteristics MotivationIntegrityGood technical skillsGood communication skillsStrong work ethicEnthusiasmHOW TO GET THE JOB YOU WANTDESIRED CHARACTERISTICS. There are several key personal characteristics that will not only help you get the position you want but will help you keep it.Motivation. You must develop the internal drive to take the necessary action to achieve your goals if you want to succeed. Integrity. You must develop a commitment to a strong code of moral and artistic values. Integrity is the compass that keeps you on course over the long haul in your quest for success.Good technical and communication skills; 80% of your success will depend on your “people” skills; the remaining 20% will depend on your good technical skills.Strong work ethic. You must deliver worthy service for the value received from your employer; you must be loyal and dependable.Enthusiasm. You must develop and maintain an eagerness to learn, grow, and expand your skills and knowledge.
25Salon Type ActivityBrainstorm about various types of salon within the industryRecord on board or flip chartDiscuss each typeSALON TYPES: In the United States alone, there are more than 313,000 salon establishments of various kinds.ACTIVITY: Conduct a brainstorming session wherein students list the various types of salons in our industry. Have a volunteer scribe who lists the types on the board or flip chart. After they are all listed, conduct a discussion of the differences in each type. Use this outline to ensure you have covered all types. (Remember to reward your scribe.)
26Salon Types Small independent salons Independent chain salons Large national chainsSMALL INDEPENDENT SALONSOwned by individual or partners.Average size has 1 to 3 chairs.Owner is usually a stylist. Depending on an owner’s willingness to take on a newcomer, a beginning stylist could learn a great deal in an independent salon as well as earn a good living.INDEPENDENT CHAIN SALONSUsually five or more salons.Range from basics to full-service.Range from low- to high-priced.May have specialized position in various technical areas.May hire education directors and managers for various locations.LARGE NATIONAL CHAINS: These chains can be budget, value-priced, haircut-only, full-service, mid-price, or high-end.May operate within department store.Corporation makes many decisions, such as size, decor, hours, services, prices, advertising, and profit targets.Offer secure pay and benefits. They may also offer additional paid training, management opportunities, and corporate advertising.Transfer opportunities may be good.
27Salon Types Franchise salons Basic value-priced operations FRANCHISE SALONS: This is another form of chain salon. They employ a national name, a consistent image, and a business formula throughout the chain.A fee is paid for the franchise.A business plan is provided. Size, location, decor, and prices are determined by parent company.National marketing campaigns may apply.Generally owned by investors. Usually offer the same benefits as corporate-owned chain salons.BASIC VALUE-PRICED OPERATIONSOften located in busy, low-rent strip shopping centers. Usually anchored by nearby supermarkets or other large businesses.Often depend on high-volume, walk-in traffic.Usually pay by the hour with some commission-style bonuses. Haircuts are usually priced at around $15; practitioners are trained to work fast with no frills. This type of salon may be a good starting place for a new graduate. It provides exposure to a variety of clients and allows you to develop expertise in many types of services.
28Salon Types Mid-priced full-service salons High-end “image”salons or day spasBooth rentalMID-PRICED FULL-SERVICE SALONSOffer a complete menu of services.Often offer “service and retail packages.”Give time to client consultations. This allows you to build relationships with clients that may be long-lasting.HIGH-END “IMAGE” SALONS OR DAY SPASEmploy well-trained practitioners.Offer higher priced services. Services are usually filled with luxurious extras such as 5-minute head, neck, and shoulder massages as part of the shampoo.Located in trendy, upscale sections of the city or elegant mansions, high-rent districts, or luxury hotels.Offer high level of personal service and technical service.BOOTH RENTAL: This is possibly the least expensive way of owning your own business.
29Preparing for Employment Passport: a written summary of your education and work experienceInforms potential employer of achievements and accomplishmentsPREPARING FOR EMPLOYMENT: Going into the job market without a resume is like traveling to another country without a passport. You won’t get far without one.
30General Resume Guidelines Keep it simple and to one pagePrint on good quality bond paper (neutral)Include name, address, phone,List recent, relevant work experienceList relevant education and name of schoolList abilities and accomplishmentsFocus on relevant performanceGENERAL RESUME GUIDELINES: Resume. a written summary of your education and work experience. Tells potential employer of your achievements and accomplishments.Keep it simple and to one page.Print it on good quality bond paper. White, buff, or gray is recommended.Include name, address, phone, and address. Put on both resume and the cover letter accompanying it.List recent, relevant work experience.List relevant education and name the institution where you graduated.List your abilities and accomplishments. Make it achievement oriented. Make it “attention getting.”Focus on information relevant to job. Don’t fill it up with a lot of work history that is not relevant to the position you are seeking.
31An Achievement-Oriented Resume 20 seconds to sizzle!How many regular clients do you serve?How many clients do you serve weekly?What is your ticket average?What is your client retention rate?What % of revenue is from retailing?What % of revenue is from chemical services?WRITING AN ACHIEVEMENT-ORIENTED RESUME: The average time an employer spends scanning a resume is 20 seconds. You must make it sizzle in that short period of time. So don’t detail your prior duties and responsibilities, but focus on your achievements such as these.How many regular clients do I serve?How many clients to I serve weekly?What was my ticket average?What was my client retention rate?What percentage of my clinic revenue came from retailing?What percentage of my clinic revenue came from color or texture services?Obviously, as a new graduate, you will need to provide data based on your clinic experience in school. That’s why it is important to track that information now.ACTIVITY: Conduct a discussion on other types of accomplishments that could be included in your resume such as receiving the “student of the month” award, perfect attendance, winning competitions, participating in fundraisers, etc. Point out that there is no better time to achieve significant accomplishments than while in school.
32Excel in SchoolSchool performance can help build a great resume!
33The DOs of Resume Writing Make it neat and easy to readKnow your audienceKeep it shortStress accomplishmentsFocus on career goals; highlight relevant performanceEmphasize transferable skillsUse action verbsTHE DOs OF RESUME WRITINGMake it easy to read. Use concise, clear sentences.Know your audience. Use understandable vocabulary.Keep it short—one to two pages.Stress accomplishments.Focus on career goals. Highlight performance that relates to your desired position.Emphasize transferable skills. You may have skills developed in other positions that will be beneficial to you in the new desired position such as people skills, operating a cash register, retaining, conflict management, etc.Use action verbs. Such as achieved, coordinated, developed, increased, maintained, strengthened, etc.Make it neat. Structure it well. Type it correctly.
34The DON’Ts of Resume Writing Avoid salary referencesDon’t supply photosDon’t stretch the truthDon’t include personal referencesAvoid the personalDon’t expect too muchTHE DON’T S OF RESUME WRITINGAvoid salary references. Don’t state your salary history or reason for leaving former employment.Don’t supply photos. You may be gorgeous or handsome, but could remind the potential employer of someone they don’t like. [NOTE: This item not in book.]Don’t stretch the truth. Misinformation or untruthful statements usually catch up with you and it’s not ethical to misrepresent yourself.Don’t include personal references. Use only professional references.Avoid the personal. Don’t make references to hobbies or memberships that are not business related UNLESS they might address skills needed in your new position. [NOTE: This item not in book.]Don’t expect too much. Don’t have unrealistic expectations of what your resume can accomplish. You are more than the sum of your parts and it may take time to convince others of that.
36Portfolio Preparation Diplomas, secondary and post-secondaryAwards and achievementsAchievement-oriented resumeLetters of reference from employersSummary of continuing educationPORTFOLIO PREPARATION: This is your opportunity to shine. It is a collection, usually bound in some manner, of photos and documents that reflect your skills accomplishments, and abilities. It should include these items.• Diplomas, secondary and post-secondary.• Awards and achievements.• Achievement-oriented resume.• Letters of reference from employers.• Summary of continuing education and copies of certificates.
37Portfolio Preparation Statement of professional affiliationsStatement of civic affiliationsBefore and after photos of servicesStatement of why you have chosen cosmetology as a careerOther relevant informationStatement of professional affiliations.Statement of civic affiliations, if relevant.Before and after photographs of technical services you have performed.Statement of why you have chosen cosmetology as a career. Explain what you love about your new career. Describe your philosophy on teamwork and yourself as a team member. Describe methods you would use to increase clinic and retail revenue.Other relevant information. Use your portfolio to portray you and your career skills in the manner in which you wish to be perceived. If it does not do that, what needs to be changed?
38Targeting the Establishment Accept that you won’t begin where you want to beStart nowLocate salons that serve your preferred clienteleObtain a list of salonsWatch advertisementsTARGETING THE ESTABLISHMENTPRELIMINARY STEPSAccept that you won’t begin where you ultimately want to be. It’s unlikely that you will land your first job at Saks Fifth Avenue, but you may eventually get there!Don’t wait until graduation to look. If you do, it’s probably that you will take the first offer you receive and that may not be the best place for you.Locate a salon that serves the type of clientele you wish to serve. You may not get to start exactly where you want to be, but your experience there will be more beneficial if it relates to your ultimate career goals.Obtain a list of area salons. The yellow pages are the best source for this list.Watch advertisements. Look for consistency, evaluate the quality of the ad, consider what market the ad is targeting, etc.
39Network Call salon and use best phone manner Ask to speak to owner or managerGive name and explain that you’re about to graduateState you are researching local salon marketAsk if they need a stylistAsk if you can make an appointmentFIELD RESEARCH: This is called networking; it’s an indirect method of job hunting. It establishes contacts and allows you to distinguish between salons. Make contacts while still a student.Call and use best phone manner.Ask to speak to owner/manager. Convey confidence.Give name and explain that you’re about to graduate.State that you’re researching the local salon market. Explain that you need just a few minutes to ask a few questions. Determine if this is a good time or when you should call back.Ask if they are looking for a stylist.Ask if you can make an appointment to observe during the next few weeks. You may even want to explain that you’re not looking for employment at this time (because you’re still in school), but you would appreciate the opportunity to observe a professional salon in operation.
41The Salon Visit The salon image Professionalism Management Client servicePrices retailIn-salon marketingServicesTHE SALON VISIT: Refer to Figure and review what to look for when visiting the salon.• Salon image• Professionalism• Management• Client service• Prices• Retail• In-salon marketing• Services
44Arranging the Interview Resume cover letterFollow up with a phone callARRANGING THE INTERVIEWSEND COVER LETTER AND RESUME: Send resume with cover letter to each salon you visited during your salon study, or at least to the ones in which you would like to work.FOLLOW UP WITH PHONE CALL: Even if salon is not hiring, ask if you can come in and discuss career opportunities that may be available in the future. You will at least gain interview experience.
45Interview Preparation Checklist Social Security numberDriver’s license numberNames, addresses, phone numbers of former employersDates of former employmentContact information of nearest relativeINTERVIEW PREPARATIONMake list. See Figure These are items typically asked on an employment application. Remember, you will gather the data and have it available before the interview when you will need it.• Social Security number.• Driver’s license number.• Names, addresses, phone numbers of former employers.• Dates of former employment. (NOTE: This item not in text.)• Contact information of nearest relative not living with you .
46Interview Wardrobe Appropriate for position Fashionable and flattering Accessories appropriateHairstyle professional and currentMakeup/facial hair appropriateFragrance subtleHandbag or brief case (not both)INTERVIEW WARDROBE: Your appearance is crucial. You are applying for employment in the image industry. View these Websites for information on the interviewing wardrobe: and• Appropriate for position.• Fashionable and flattering.• Accessories fashionable and functional.• Hairstyle. Should be professional, current, and appropriate.• Makeup (if female). Properly applied and conservative, even if the salon is not.• Clean-shaven (if male).• Fragrance. Is your cologne, perfume, or aftershave subtle?• Handbag or brief case. Don’t carry both. Neither should be cluttered or dirty.
48Support Materials Resume Facts and figures Portfolio SUPPORTING MATERIALSResume. Even if you have already sent one, take another copy so it will be readily available.Facts and figures. The list of names, dates, etc., will help you.Portfolio.
49Typical Interview Questions What did you like best about your training?Are you punctual and regular in attendance?Will school director confirm your answer?What skills are your strongest?What skills are your weakest?TYPICAL INTERVIEW QUESTIONS. NOTE: Instructor should be prepared to discuss each question and students’ possible answers.What did you like best about your training?Are you punctual and regular in attendance?Will school director confirm that? NOTE: The school may require the student to give written authorization to release any type of information about the student.What skills do you feel are your strongest?What skills do you feel are your weakest?
50Typical Interview Questions Are you a team player? Please explainAre you flexible? Please explainWhat are your career goals?What days/hours are you available to work?Do you have your own transportation?Are you a team player? Please explain.Are you flexible? Please explain.What are your career goals?What days/hours are you available to work?Do you have your own transportation?
51Typical Interview Questions Are there any obstacles that would prevent you from keeping your commitment to full-time employment?What assets would you bring to the salon and the position?•Are there any obstacles that would prevent you from keeping your commitment to full-time employment?What assets would you bring to the salon and the position?
52Typical Interview Questions Who is the most interesting person you have met in your work/education experience and why?How would you handle a problem client?How do you feel about retailing?Who is the most interesting person you have met in your work/education experience and why?How would you handle a problem client?How do you feel about retailing?
53Typical Interview Questions Would you be willing to attend our company training program?Describe ways you provide excellent customer serviceShare an example of consultation questions you might ask a clientWhat steps would you take to build a business and ensure clients return?Would you be willing to attend our company training program?Describe ways in which you feel you provide excellent customer service.Please share an example of consultation questions you might ask a client.What steps would you take to build a business and ensure clients return?
54Practical Service at Interview Confirm prior to interview whether you will be required to perform a serviceIf so, make sure model is appropriately dressed and preparedPREPARING TO PERFORM A SERVICEConfirm if this is a requirement.If so, make sure model is appropriately dressed and prepared.
55The Interview Be on time Project a warm, friendly smile Walk, sit, stand with good postureBe polite and courteousDon’t sit until askedDon’t smoke or chew gumTHE INTERVIEWBe on time. Check location ahead of time if you have not already been there.Project a warm, friendly smile.Walk, sit, stand with good posture.Be polite and courteous.Don’t sit until asked OR it is obvious that you are expected to.Don’t smoke or chew gum, even if offered. Don’t bring your own coffee, drink, or snacks.
56The Interview Don’t lean on or touch interviewer’s desk Appear confidentSpeak clearlyAnswer questions honestlyNever criticize former employersAcknowledge interview with thanksDon’t lean on or touch interviewer’s desk.Appear confident; create a positive impression.Speak clearly.Answer questions honestly. Think answer through. Don’t speak for more than 2 minutes at a time.Never criticize former employers.Acknowledge interview with thanks.
58Questions for Interviewer Is there a job description I may review?Is there a salon manual?How frequently does salon advertise?How long do employees typically work here?Are employees encouraged to grow in skill and responsibility? How?TYPICAL QUESTIONS YOU MAY ASK THE INTERVIEWERIs there a job description I may review?Is there a salon manual?How frequently does the salon advertise?How long do employees typically work here?Are employees encouraged to grow in skill and responsibility? How so?
59Questions for Interviewer Does salon offer continuing education opportunities?Is there room for advancement?What are the requirements for promotion?What benefits are offeredDoes salon offer continuing education opportunities?Is there room for advancement?What are requirements for promotion?What benefits does the salon offer (e.g., paid vacations, medical, personal days, etc.)?
60Questions for Interviewer What is the form of compensation?When will the position be filled?Should I follow up on your decision?What is the form of compensation?When will position be filled?Should I follow up on your decision?
61Interview Follow-Up Write “thank you” note Call (if suggested for you to do so)FOLLOW-UPWrite “thank you” note. Write a simple thank you note for the time spent with you. Close with a positive statement that you want the job. If the decision comes down to two or three possibilities, the person expressing the most desire will likely get the job.Call, if it was suggested that you do so to find out about the employment decision.
62Legal Aspects–Improper Questions Race, religion, national originAge or date of birthDisabilities or physical traitsDrug use or smokingCitizenshipLEGAL ASPECTS OF THE INTERVIEW: There are some questions that may not be included in an employment application or interview.Let’s discuss.Race, religion, national origin.Age or date of birth. It is permissible ask whether the applicant is younger than age 18.Disabilities or physical traits. ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act) prohibits inquiries about health problems, disabilities, and medical conditions.Drug use or smoking. These questions are permitted. Employer may obtain your agreement to be bound by employer’s drug and smoking policies and to submit to drug testing.Citizenship. Employers cannot discriminate because an applicant is not a U.S. citizen.
63Illegal Questions Legal Questions How old are you? Describe your medical historyAre you a U.S. citizen?What is your native tongue?Are you older than 18?Are you able to perform this job?Are you authorized to work in the U.S.?In which languages are you fluent?ILLEGAL QUESTIONSHow old are you?Describe your medical history.Are you a U.S. Citizen?What is your native tongue?Some employers may not know they are asking illegal questions. You may choose to answer if asked or you can respond that you believe the question is irrelevant to the position you are seeking and you would rather focus on the qualities and skills that are suited for the job and the mission of the establishment.LEGAL QUESTIONSAre you over the age of 18?Are you able to perform this job?Are you authorized to work in the U.S.?In which languages are you fluent?
64Tips for Success Learn about establishment Read industry journals Attend trade showsDOING IT RIGHT: There are some important tips that will help you make the most of your new position.TIPS FOR SUCCESS: Use “down time” effectively.Learn about establishment.Read industry journals.Attend trade shows. Become an active participant in making this great industry even better.
65Summary and ReviewWhat is the most important way for any learner to do well on any test?SUMMARY AND REVIEW:The time will come for you to actively pursue employment. Know your subject matter and master those important test-taking strategies we discussed. It’s important that you complete an inventory of your own personal characteristics and skills abilities in order to establish the type of salon you are best suited for. As we know, there are more jobs for entry-level employees than there are practitioners to fill them almost everywhere in the country. So you are really in the driver’s seat when it comes to looking for a job. You can seek a wide variety of salons and will likely be able to choose the one you like best rather than taking the first job that’s offered. We’ve covered some ideas on how to target salons, visit them, and evaluate their environment. It’s important that you are totally prepared for the job interview in dress and attitude. You must have prepared documents to aid you in the interview process: a resume that sizzles, a list of pertinent facts, and your well-prepared, dynamic employment portfolio.Finally, once you obtain that long-awaited position, learn everything you can about the company and your duties. Continue to grow and learn. Completion of your training is not an ending, but a beginning. Become a life-long learner and make a positive contribution to the wonderful industry you have chosen.Let’s review.• What is the most important way for any learner to do well on any test?ANSWER: To be thoroughly familiar with the applicable course content.
66Summary and Review Explain deductive reasoning List 5 steps learners should take prior to the actual examination to improve resultsExplain deductive reasoning.ANSWER: A process that allows learners to reach a logical conclusion by employing logical reasoning.List five steps learners should take prior to the actual examination to improve results.ANSWER:Be mentally ready. Develop a positive attitude toward test taking.Get rest the night before test.Dress comfortably. If unsure of the weather or climate, wear layers so you can adjust.Anticipate some anxiety. Feeling concerned about the test results may actually help you prepare better.Avoid cramming the night before. Cramming may harm your self-confidence or feeling of preparedness.
67Summary and ReviewList at least 12 strategies learners can use on the day of the exam to improve resultsList at least 12 strategies learners can use on the day of the actual examination for improved results.ANSWER:Relax and slow down physically. Take deep breaths to calm yourself.Review material lightly. If possible, do so on the same day as the exam.Arrive early. Be alert, calm, and ready for the challenge; maintain a self-confident attitude.Read directions and listen carefully.Ask if you do not understand.Skim test before beginning.Budget time. Do not spend too much time on any one question.Wear a watch to monitor time.Begin as soon as possible. Mark the answers quickly but carefully.Answer easiest questions first. Skimming allows you to identify those that may be more difficult.Mark skipped questions so you can find them quickly when you go back to them later.Read questions carefully. Make sure you understand all parts of the question.Answer as many questions as possible. For questions you are unsure of, guess or estimate.Look over finished test. Make sure you have read all questions correctly and have answered as many as possible.Change answers with good reason only.Check test or test booklet carefully before turning it in. Make sure your name is entered correctly. Check to make sure you answered all questions to the best of your ability, etc.
68Summary and ReviewWhen considering a statement on a true/false test, why are long statements more likely to be true than shorter ones?When considering a statement on a true/false test, why are long statements more likely to be true than shorter statements?ANSWER: It takes more detail to provide the truthful, factual data.
69Summary and ReviewName and describe at least 5 types of salon businessesName and describe at least five types of salon businesses.ANSWER:Small independent salons. Owned by an individual or two or more partners; 3 to 40 chairs; owners are generally practitioners; image and decor reflect owner’s experience and taste.Independent salon chains. Owned by an individual or two or more partners; range from basic to full service and day spas; offer everything from low-priced to very high-priced services; may have specialty technicians and education/styles directors.Large national salon chains. Budget to high priced; haircut-only to full service; decor, location, hours, etc., determined by corporate office; offer secure pay and benefits, paid training, management opportunities, and corporate advertising.Franchise salons. Owned by individuals who pay a fee to use the name and obtain a business plan. Size, location, decor, and pricing are determined by parent company; usually not owned by practitioners, but by investors; offer benefits similar to large national salon chains.Basic value-priced operations. Located in low-rent strip centers anchored by nearby large business; high volume of walk-in traffic; hire new graduates; often pay by hour or hourly plus commission; average price of haircut is $15; practitioners trained to work fast with no frills; texture and color services are limited if offered at all.Mid-priced full-service salons. Offer complete menu of services; run strong marketing programs; encourage repeat clients and referrals; give more time to consultations and allow relationship building.High-end day spas. Employ well-trained practitioners and salon assistants; offer luxurious extras; located in trendy, upscale sections of large cities or elegant mansions, high-rent office buildings, or hotels.Booth rental establishments. Rent space in an existing salon; least expensive way to go into business for yourself.
70Summary and Review List up to 8 strategies helpful in writing a resume List up to eight strategies that you will find helpful when writing your resume.ANSWER:Make it easy to read. Use concise, clear sentences and avoid overwriting or flowery prose.Know your audience. Use the vocabulary and language used by your potential employer.Keep it short. Keep the overall length to one or two pages.Stress accomplishments. Emphasize past accomplishments and skills used to achieve desired results.Center on career goals. Focus on information that is relevant to your own career goals or the position sought.Emphasize transferable skills. Stress the skills you have already obtained which are transferable to support your current career goals.Use action verbs. Begin accomplishment statements with action verbs such as achieved, coordinated, developed, increased, maintained, and strengthened rather than with a personal pronoun.Make it neat. A poorly structured, badly typed resume is a reflection of you.
71Summary and ReviewList at least 6 things to avoid when developing your resumeList at least six things you should avoid when developing your resume.ANSWER:Avoid salary references. Don’t state your salary history or reason for leaving your former employment.No photos. Don’t enclose a photograph (you may look like someone the reader dislikes).Don’t stretch the truth. Misinformation or untruthful statements will inevitably catch up with you.Don’t include personal references. Potential employers are really only interested in references who can speak to your professional ability.Avoid the personal. Don’t use references to hobbies or memberships that are not business related.Don’t expect too much. Don’t hold any unreasonable expectations of what a resume can accomplish. The potential employer is looking to hire a person, not a resume!
72Summary and ReviewList several items that should be included in your professional portfolioList several items that should be included in your professional portfolio.ANSWER:Diplomas, both secondary and post-secondary.Awards and achievements while completing the practitioner course.Current resume focusing on accomplishments.Letters of reference from former employers.Synopsis of continuing education and/or copies of actual training certificates.Statement of professional affiliations (memberships in industry organizations).Statement of relevant civic affiliations and/or activities.Before and after photographs of services you have performed on clients or models.A brief statement about why you have chosen a career in cosmetology.Any other relevant information.
73Summary and ReviewBriefly summarize the preliminary things to consider before beginning your salon searchBriefly summarize the preliminary things you should consider before beginning your salon search.ANSWER:Accept that you probably won’t begin where you ultimately want to be. It might not be possible for your first job or position to be where you want to end up.Don’t wait until graduation to begin your search. If you do, it is probable that you will take the first offer you receive and that really may not be the most suitable establishment for you.Locate an establishment that serves the type of clients you wish to serve. You may not be afforded the opportunity of starting exactly where you want to be. However, your experience there will be more beneficial to you if it relates to your ultimate career goals.Obtain a list of area salons or establishments. The yellow pages will be your best source for this list. You may desire to relocate to another area. The local library will probably have available the phone books you would need to compile your list. The Internet may also be useful for this task.Watch for advertising by the various salons. Watch for consistency; evaluate the quality of the ad; consider what market the ad is targeting and so forth.
74Summary and ReviewWhat can be accomplished by visiting a salon prior to an interview?In your own words, explain what can be accomplished by visiting a salon prior to an employment interview.ANSWER: Visiting salons prior to an employment interview allows you to begin a process called networking. It allows you to establish contacts and distinguish between establishments.
75Summary and ReviewWhy are “thank you” notes important even if you visit a salon where you do not wish to become employed?Why are “thank you” notes important even if you visit a salon where you do not wish to become employed?ANSWER: You should never burn your bridges, but rather build a network of contacts who have a favorable opinion of you. You never know when the future will find you working together in some capacity or another.
76Summary and Review List 12 important interview behaviors List 12 important interview behaviors that you should practice.ANSWER:Always be on time. If you are unsure of the location, be sure to find it the day before so there will be no reason for delays.Project a warm, friendly smile. Smiling is the universal language.Walk, sit, and stand with good posture.Be polite and courteous.Don’t sit until asked or it is obvious that you are expected to do so.Don’t smoke or chew gum even if either is offered to you.Don’t lean or touch the interviewer’s desk. People are often territorial and do not like their personal space invaded without invitation.Concentrate on appearing confident and create a positive first impression.Speak clearly. The interviewer must be able to hear and understand you.Answer questions honestly. Think the question and the answer through carefully. Don’t speak before you are ready and don’t speak for more than 2 minutes at a time.Never criticize former employers.Acknowledge the interview with thanks.
77one unit of study toward Congratulations!You’ve just completedone unit of study towardprogram completion!