2 Prose and VerseShakespeare wrote plays alternating the use of both verse and proseProse is everyday language of communication (conversation, letters, lectures, articles, dialogue, books, texts, etc.)Verse is a collection of lines that follow a HIGHLY STRUCTURED regular, rhythmic pattern
3 Prose by ShakespeareFOLLOWS standard sentence and paragraph rules and structuresFollows regular standard English capitalization rulesUses full lines across the page (equal margins)Does not rhymeDoes not count syllables
4 Shakespeare used prose to: 1. Express ordinary, observations that have a literal meaning2. Make “one-liners” which are essential in everyday conversation3. Present relief from the overuse of verse (requires intellectual effort to read and understand)
5 Use of prose ctd… 4. Suggest madness, senility, or drunkenness 5. Poke fun at characters who lack the wit or intelligence to versify their lines6. Condone the use and merits of prose as an equal writing medium to verse
6 Verse by Shakespeare The beginning of each line is capitalized The lines do not utilize a full margin (shorter)They are written in a specific structured rhythm called iambic pentameter
7 Shakespeare used verse to: 1. Express deep emotion requiring elevated language2. Make wise, penetrating, reflective, organized observations requiring lofty language3. Present a lyrical poem in a separate entity4. Inject irony by use of a particular character
8 SyllablesSyllable: unit of spoken language consisting of an uninterrupted utterance that forms a whole word (cat) or a commonly recognized division of a word (per-fect-ly)
9 How many syllables? chair beg apple lunch computer bizarre hope eat bookcapitulatealligatorresumeRusselldisdainfulmonitorcrateuniversityjustifyprincipalpuppy
10 Literary FootFoot: basic unit of meter, set # of strong and light stressed syllablesExample: an iamb is one type of footIamb: is a light/strong pattern of two syllablesExample: Detroitde (light: symbol = u) - TROIT (STRONG: symbol = /) ->De (u) - TROIT (/)
11 Meter Meter: # of feet in a line of verse Examples: Pentameter is an example of meterPentameter: the prefix penta means five - there are five feet in a line of pentameter
12 Rhythm Rhythm: the combination of foot and meter in a line of verse Example: Iambic Pentemeter is a type of rhythmIambic Pentameter: is one line of verse consisting of five light/strong syllables in a row (10 total)Example: We(u) hold(/) these(u) truths(/) to(u) be(/) self(u) ev(/)-i(u)-dent(/)Stress the strong syllables (deTROIT)!
13 Shakespearian Sonnets Shakespeare wrote over 150 sonnetsThey have 14 lines and four parts3 quatrains (4 lines): present a problem1 heroic couplet (2 lines) : present a solution
14 Shakespearian Sonnets ctd. They all use the verse iambic pentameterThey have a distinct rhyme scheme: pattern of the rhymes between the last words of each lineABAB, CDCD, EFEF, GG (all matching letters must rhyme)
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