2 The EnlightenmentA time of new and revolutionary ideas in Europe during the late 1600s and 1700s
3 John Locke English philosopher Argued that people had the right to life, liberty, and propertySocial Contract: If the government fails to protect rights, then the people have the right to overthrow that government and set up a new one.
4 Montesquieu French Nobleman Critic of absolute monarchies For individual freedomBelieved liberty required a separation and balance of powers
5 Rousseau Expanded on the ideas of the social contract A community should consist of people who share common values and attitudes.
6 Benjamin FranklinBrought many of these ideas back from Europe and opened their discussion.Played a part in the decision to gain independence and form a new US government.