2The EnlightenmentA time of new and revolutionary ideas in Europe during the late 1600s and 1700s
3John Locke English philosopher Argued that people had the right to life, liberty, and propertySocial Contract: If the government fails to protect rights, then the people have the right to overthrow that government and set up a new one.
4Montesquieu French Nobleman Critic of absolute monarchies For individual freedomBelieved liberty required a separation and balance of powers
5Rousseau Expanded on the ideas of the social contract A community should consist of people who share common values and attitudes.
6Benjamin FranklinBrought many of these ideas back from Europe and opened their discussion.Played a part in the decision to gain independence and form a new US government.