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Restoration Period Civil war encompassed England in the 1640s. King Charles I had dismissed parliament in in 1629---and he eventually recalled it in 1640----members.

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Presentation on theme: "Restoration Period Civil war encompassed England in the 1640s. King Charles I had dismissed parliament in in 1629---and he eventually recalled it in 1640----members."— Presentation transcript:

1 Restoration Period Civil war encompassed England in the 1640s. King Charles I had dismissed parliament in in and he eventually recalled it in members became mutinous. Oliver Cromwell (Puritan-soldier) captured and beheaded Charles in Cromwell ruled England for a decade after a military revolt, Charles II, son of the decapitated king was restored to the throne Colonization ceased during this bloody time Now in this so-called restoration period colonization began again with greater intensity and royal involvement

2 Colonizing the Carolinas Carolina named for King Charles was formally created in 1670 King Charles granted this land to 8 Nobles as a reward for helping him gain the throne They became the lord proprietors of the Carolinas These aristocratic founders hoped to to grow food supplies to provision the sugar plantations in Barbados Carolina prospered by developing close economic ties with the sugar islands of the West Indies Many original Carolina settlers emigrated from Barbados and brought with them the islands slave system and created a large slave trade in the Carolinas Using costal Indians they started to search for other natives to use as slaves Manacled Indians soon were among colonys major export (10,000 Indians were sent to life long labor in the West Indies

3 Carolina Continue Rice soon becomes the major export of the Carolinas Rice was an exotic food in England Rice was grown in Africa, so the Carolinians were soon paying premiom prices for Wes African Slaves experienced in rice cultivation The Africans agricultural skill and relative immunity to disease made them ideal laborers on the hot swampy rice plantations Charlestownbecame the busiest seaport in the south Sons of wealthy English land families came to Charlestown area and gave it a rich aristocratic flavor Charleston became very diverse as Protestant and Jewish refugees were attracted by religious toleration

4 Emergence of North Carolina A large ragtag group of poverty-stricken outcasts and religious dissenters were pushed out of Virginia by the large plantation (planter class) owners belonging to the church of England These newcomers or (squatters-without legal right to the soil) raised their tobacco and other crops on small farms with no need for slaves The poor inhabitants (regarded as riffraff) earned a reputation for being irreligious and hospitable to pirates Following much friction with governors, North Carolina was officially separated from S. Carolina in 1712, (Royal Colony) North Carolina and Rhode Island become known as the most democratic, open-minded and least aristocratc of all 13 colonies

5 Georgia: The Buffer Colony The English Crown intended Georgia to serve as a buffer colony from Spanish Florida and the French Louisiana Territory Named in honor of King George II, Georgia was launched my a high- minded group of philanthropists Besides protecting the other colonies and producing silk and wine, Georgia becomes a safe haven for people that were imprisoned for debt James Oglethorpe, (one of the founders) became interested in prison reform after one of his friends died in debtors prison As an able military leader, Oglethorpe repelled Spanish attacks and saved the Charity Colony by his leadership and use of his personal fortune Georgia grew very slowly, by the end of the colonial era it was the least populous of the colonies The development of the plantation economy was undone by an unhealthy climate, early restrictions on black slavery and by Spanish Attacks


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