Presentation on theme: "Classification of organisms is important because__________________________________ ____________________________________. _____________ ______________ are."— Presentation transcript:
Classification of organisms is important because__________________________________ ____________________________________. _____________ ______________ are used to group organisms together. As the number of ______________ ______________ used to group different organisms increases the number of different types of organisms in the group __________. March 6 th WARM-UPS Write out the following and fill in the blanks
How would knowing in which section of the music store an unfamiliar CD is located be helpful in gathering information about the CD?
Classification means sorting things into groups. We classify organisms to make recognition and description easier.
Mare, trout, parrot, quarter horse, woodpecker, cocker spaniel, gold fish, Great Dane, eagle, bass, beagle, hawk, stallion, Dalmatian, shark AirLand Non water Animals Water DogsHorses
In order to better understand the organisms of Earth, Biologists organize them into groups.
The Linnean hierarchical classification was set up with the species as the smallest unit, and that each species was nested within a higher category. Carolus Linnaeus
For example Man in English is Hombre in Spanish, Herr in German, Ren in Chinese, and Homo in Latin. If a scientist refers today to Homo, all scientists know what organism/taxon he or she means. Binomial Nomenclature A two word naming system used to identify species
Binomial Nomenclature A two word naming system used to identify species Homo sapiens Identifies the genus of the organism Describes a characteristic of the organism Italicized in print or underlined when handwritten The first letter of the genus name is capitalized The first letter of the descriptive name is lower case common name
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species How living things are classified
Organisms that look alike and successfully interbreed belong to the same species Genus A group of similar species that have similar features and are closely related. Family A group of similar genera, each sharing similar characteristics Order Is a taxon of similar families Class Is a taxon of similar orders Phylum Is a group of similar classes Kingdom A group of similar phyla or divisions Species
How living things are classified Species Genus Species FamilyFelidae Order Carnivora Lynx Felis ClassMammalia PhylumChordata KingdomAnimalia
Kings Play Cards On Fat Green Stools. Kids Playing with Cars On Freeways Get Squashed. Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species Kings Play Cards On Fat Green Stools.
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species Example: Man Animal Chordata Mammalia Primate Hominidae Homo H.sapien The number of kinds of organisms decreases down the spectrum until there is only one kind of organism left for the group 'species.
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus apesHomo New worldOld world monkeys Primate Tarsierslemurs Prosimians hominoids Mammalia Chordata Animalia Sapiens Species