Presentation on theme: "America Becomes a World Power AP US History Spring 2011."— Presentation transcript:
1 AmericaBecomesa WorldPowerAP US HistorySpring 2011
2 Essential Question:What factorscontributedto the USbecoming aworld powerat the end ofthe 19th century?
3 IntroductionEntire history of U.S. could be viewed from an expansionist perspective:Seven Years WarTreaty of Paris, 1783/Federal ConstitutionLA Purchase and Jacksonian DemocracyManifest DestinySpread of Slavery and the Civil WarConquest of Native AmericansPost-Civil War Industrial Revolution (ok, this one is pretty thin!)
5 The American View of the World Basic Belief: Stay out of corrupt European affairs: (alliances, wars, etc (Washington)American IsolationismGeographic IsolationPolitical IsolationPreoccupation at Home
6 Interest in Foreign Affairs/Outside World Lack of Preoccupation at HomeOutlet for Energy and AmbitionNeed for Markets and Raw MaterialsLarge Number of Immigrants“White Man’s Burden”Modern WeaponsPopularity
7 The 5 “Ds” of … Expansionism? DestinyDefenseDollarsDemocracyDeity
8 1. Commercial/Business Interests (Dollars) U. S. Foreign Investments:
9 1. Commercial/Business Interests American Foreign Trade: 1870-1914
10 2. Military/Strategic Interests DEFNSAlfred T. Mahan’s The Influence of Sea Power on History:
11 3. Social Darwinist Thinking The White Man’s BurdenThe Hierarchy of Race
12 4. Religious/Missionary Interests American Missionaries in China, 1905 DEITYAmerican Missionaries in China, 1905
16 BackgroundWith Puerto Rico, Cuba was the only remaining Spanish colony in the Western HemisphereEconomic/Social Problems in Cuba (revolt in 1868)1895 2nd Cuban Revolution (they had so many problems, they revolted twice!)McKinley Tariff ActSpanish Policy
17 American Reaction to the Revolution InvestmentsSympathyUS companies begin to sell arms to CubansAll results in public demand for intervention
19 De Lôme Letter Dupuy de Lôme, Spanish Ambassador to the U.S. Criticized President McKinley as “weak and a bidder for the admiration of the crowd, besides being a would-be politician who tries to leave a door open behind himself while keeping on good terms with the jingoes of his party”.
20 “Yellow Journalism” & Jingoism William Randolph Hearst Joseph PulitzerHearst to Frederic Remington: You furnish the pictures, and I’ll furnish the war!William Randolph Hearst
21 War With Spain The USS Maine Battleship sent to Havana to protect American citizens in Cuba as a show of American power to,The Maine is destroyed by a “mysterious” explosion below the deckNewspapers report that the Spanish were responsible
33 The Treaty of Paris: 1899 Cuba was freed from Spanish rule, but… Spain gave up Puerto Rico, GuamThe U.S. paid Spain $20,000,000 for the Philippines.The U.S. becomes an imperial power!
34 Cuban Independence? Teller Amendment (1898) Platt Amendment (1903) Cuba was not to enter into any agreements with foreign powers that would “endanger” its independence.The U.S. could intervene in Cuban affairs to maintain a “suitable” from of govt.U.S. acquires rights to naval base Guantanamo Bay as coaling station.Cuba cannot borrow $$ without U.S. approval.Senator Orville Platt
35 Results of the Spanish American War A fierce debate over the Treaty of 1899Imperialists:Racism: White Man’s BurdenCompetition with Others: they’ll take them if we don’tNeed bases to protect shipping and tradeHave the power to do it
36 Results of the War Anti-Imperialists Racism: No more “colored people” Unconstitutional: “No where Expressly granted”Contrary to U.S. IdealsAnti-colonialSelf Determination
37 Treaty Ratified Republican 38 Republican 2 Democrat 11 Democrat 22 Senate vote on the Treaty of Paris,1899For (57) Against (27)Republican 38 Republican 2Democrat 11 Democrat 22Populist 8 Populist 3Imperialist or Isolationist??