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AP US History Spring 2011 AP US History Spring 2011.

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Presentation on theme: "AP US History Spring 2011 AP US History Spring 2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 AP US History Spring 2011 AP US History Spring 2011


3 Introduction Entire history of U.S. could be viewed from an expansionist perspective: Seven Years War Treaty of Paris, 1783/Federal Constitution LA Purchase and Jacksonian Democracy Manifest Destiny Spread of Slavery and the Civil War Conquest of Native Americans Post-Civil War Industrial Revolution (ok, this one is pretty thin!)

4 Current World Status? Still Imperialist??

5 The American View of the World 1. 1.Basic Belief: Stay out of corrupt European affairs: (alliances, wars, etc (Washington) 2. 2.American Isolationism 1. 1.Geographic Isolation 2. 2.Political Isolation 3. 3.Preoccupation at Home

6 Interest in Foreign Affairs/Outside World Lack of Preoccupation at Home Outlet for Energy and Ambition Need for Markets and Raw Materials Large Number of Immigrants White Mans Burden Modern Weapons Popularity

7 The 5 Ds of … Expansionism? Destiny Defense Dollars Democracy Deity

8 1. Commercial/Business Interests (Dollars) U. S. Foreign Investments:

9 American Foreign Trade: Commercial/Business Interests

10 2. Military/Strategic Interests Alfred T. Mahans The Influence of Sea Power on History: DEFENSEDEFENSE

11 3. Social Darwinist Thinking The White Mans Burden The Hierarchy of Race

12 4. Religious/Missionary Interests American Missionaries in China, 1905 DEITY


14 War Was a Turning Point in US History Prior to 1898: No overseas possessions After 1898: Control of several Pacific and Caribbean nations World Power!


16 Background With Puerto Rico, Cuba was the only remaining Spanish colony in the Western Hemisphere Economic/Social Problems in Cuba (revolt in 1868) nd Cuban Revolution (they had so many problems, they revolted twice!) – –McKinley Tariff Act – –Spanish Policy

17 American Reaction to the Revolution $ $ Investments Sympathy US companies begin to sell arms to Cubans All results in public demand for intervention

18 Spanish Misrule in Cuba

19 De Lôme Letter Dupuy de Lôme, Spanish Ambassador to the U.S. Criticized President McKinley as weak and a bidder for the admiration of the crowd, besides being a would-be politician who tries to leave a door open behind himself while keeping on good terms with the jingoes of his party.

20 Yellow Journalism & Jingoism Joseph Pulitzer William Randolph Hearst Hearst to Frederic Remington: You furnish the pictures, and Ill furnish the war!

21 War With Spain The USS Maine Battleship sent to Havana to protect American citizens in Cuba as a show of American power to, The Maine is destroyed by a mysterious explosion below the deck Newspapers report that the Spanish were responsible

22 The U.S.S. Maine

23 Yellow Journalism

24 Remember the Maine and to Hell with Spain! Funeral for Maine victims in Havana

25 US Ultimatum to Spain 1. 1.Cease-Fire 2. 2.Armistice to Rebels 3. 3.Abolition of Concentration Camps 4. 4.Implied Independence

26 Spains Response Spain cant comply without granting independence, although they agree to armistice April 11, 1898: McKinley to Congress Teller Amendment

27 The Spanish-American War (1898): That Splendid Little War The best way to secure the independence of Cuba is to… Attack the Philippines!

28 The Spanish-American War (1898): That Splendid Little War

29 The Rough Riders Theodore Roosevelt Charges Up San Juan Hill

30 Emilio Aguinaldo L eader of the Filipino Uprising. July 4, 1946?? Philippine independence Dewey Smuggled Him into MANILA

31 William H. Taft, 1st Gov.-General of the Philippines Great administrator

32 Our Sphere of Influence

33 The Treaty of Paris: 1899 Cuba was freed from Spanish rule, but… Spain gave up Puerto Rico, Guam The U.S. paid Spain $20,000,000 for the Philippines. The U.S. becomes an imperial power!

34 Teller Amendment (1898) Platt Amendment (1903) 1.Cuba was not to enter into any agreements with foreign powers that would endanger its independence. 2.The U.S. could intervene in Cuban affairs to maintain a suitable from of govt. 3.U.S. acquires rights to naval base Guantanamo Bay as coaling station. 4.Cuba cannot borrow $$ without U.S. approval. Cuban Independence? Senator Orville Platt

35 Results of the Spanish American War A fierce debate over the Treaty of 1899 Imperialists: Racism: White Mans Burden Competition with Others: theyll take them if we dont Need bases to protect shipping and trade Have the power to do it –– ––

36 Results of the War Anti-Imperialists Racism: No more colored people Unconstitutional: No where Expressly granted Contrary to U.S. Ideals Anti-colonial Self Determination

37 Treaty Ratified Senate vote on the Treaty of Paris,1899 For (57)Against (27) Republican38Republican 2 Democrat11Democrat22 Populist8Populist 3 Imperialist or Isolationist??

38 The U.S. as a World Power

39 U.S. Intervention

40 The Roosevelt Corollary 1906 Dominican Republic Extension of Monroe Doctrine

41 Roosevelt Corollary Thats a live Wire, Gentlemen

42 Another View Tell Your Troubles to the policeman

43 Roosevelt Takes Panama at last, a revolution which will help the whole world"

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