Presentation on theme: "AP US History Spring 2011 AP US History Spring 2011."— Presentation transcript:
AP US History Spring 2011 AP US History Spring 2011
Introduction Entire history of U.S. could be viewed from an expansionist perspective: Seven Years War Treaty of Paris, 1783/Federal Constitution LA Purchase and Jacksonian Democracy Manifest Destiny Spread of Slavery and the Civil War Conquest of Native Americans Post-Civil War Industrial Revolution (ok, this one is pretty thin!)
Current World Status? Still Imperialist??
The American View of the World 1. 1.Basic Belief: Stay out of corrupt European affairs: (alliances, wars, etc (Washington) 2. 2.American Isolationism 1. 1.Geographic Isolation 2. 2.Political Isolation 3. 3.Preoccupation at Home
Interest in Foreign Affairs/Outside World Lack of Preoccupation at Home Outlet for Energy and Ambition Need for Markets and Raw Materials Large Number of Immigrants White Mans Burden Modern Weapons Popularity
The 5 Ds of … Expansionism? Destiny Defense Dollars Democracy Deity
1. Commercial/Business Interests (Dollars) U. S. Foreign Investments:
American Foreign Trade: Commercial/Business Interests
2. Military/Strategic Interests Alfred T. Mahans The Influence of Sea Power on History: DEFENSEDEFENSE
3. Social Darwinist Thinking The White Mans Burden The Hierarchy of Race
4. Religious/Missionary Interests American Missionaries in China, 1905 DEITY
War Was a Turning Point in US History Prior to 1898: No overseas possessions After 1898: Control of several Pacific and Caribbean nations World Power!
Background With Puerto Rico, Cuba was the only remaining Spanish colony in the Western Hemisphere Economic/Social Problems in Cuba (revolt in 1868) nd Cuban Revolution (they had so many problems, they revolted twice!) – –McKinley Tariff Act – –Spanish Policy
American Reaction to the Revolution $ $ Investments Sympathy US companies begin to sell arms to Cubans All results in public demand for intervention
Spanish Misrule in Cuba
De Lôme Letter Dupuy de Lôme, Spanish Ambassador to the U.S. Criticized President McKinley as weak and a bidder for the admiration of the crowd, besides being a would-be politician who tries to leave a door open behind himself while keeping on good terms with the jingoes of his party.
Yellow Journalism & Jingoism Joseph Pulitzer William Randolph Hearst Hearst to Frederic Remington: You furnish the pictures, and Ill furnish the war!
War With Spain The USS Maine Battleship sent to Havana to protect American citizens in Cuba as a show of American power to, The Maine is destroyed by a mysterious explosion below the deck Newspapers report that the Spanish were responsible
The U.S.S. Maine
Remember the Maine and to Hell with Spain! Funeral for Maine victims in Havana
US Ultimatum to Spain 1. 1.Cease-Fire 2. 2.Armistice to Rebels 3. 3.Abolition of Concentration Camps 4. 4.Implied Independence
Spains Response Spain cant comply without granting independence, although they agree to armistice April 11, 1898: McKinley to Congress Teller Amendment
The Spanish-American War (1898): That Splendid Little War The best way to secure the independence of Cuba is to… Attack the Philippines!
The Spanish-American War (1898): That Splendid Little War
The Rough Riders Theodore Roosevelt Charges Up San Juan Hill
Emilio Aguinaldo L eader of the Filipino Uprising. July 4, 1946?? Philippine independence Dewey Smuggled Him into MANILA
William H. Taft, 1st Gov.-General of the Philippines Great administrator
Our Sphere of Influence
The Treaty of Paris: 1899 Cuba was freed from Spanish rule, but… Spain gave up Puerto Rico, Guam The U.S. paid Spain $20,000,000 for the Philippines. The U.S. becomes an imperial power!
Teller Amendment (1898) Platt Amendment (1903) 1.Cuba was not to enter into any agreements with foreign powers that would endanger its independence. 2.The U.S. could intervene in Cuban affairs to maintain a suitable from of govt. 3.U.S. acquires rights to naval base Guantanamo Bay as coaling station. 4.Cuba cannot borrow $$ without U.S. approval. Cuban Independence? Senator Orville Platt
Results of the Spanish American War A fierce debate over the Treaty of 1899 Imperialists: Racism: White Mans Burden Competition with Others: theyll take them if we dont Need bases to protect shipping and trade Have the power to do it –– ––
Results of the War Anti-Imperialists Racism: No more colored people Unconstitutional: No where Expressly granted Contrary to U.S. Ideals Anti-colonial Self Determination
Treaty Ratified Senate vote on the Treaty of Paris,1899 For (57)Against (27) Republican38Republican 2 Democrat11Democrat22 Populist8Populist 3 Imperialist or Isolationist??
The U.S. as a World Power
The Roosevelt Corollary 1906 Dominican Republic Extension of Monroe Doctrine
Roosevelt Corollary Thats a live Wire, Gentlemen
Another View Tell Your Troubles to the policeman
Roosevelt Takes Panama at last, a revolution which will help the whole world"