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America in the 1950s The Eisenhower Era. American Society The Baby Boom –Between 1946 and 1961, 63.5 million babies –Effects Short term Long term.

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Presentation on theme: "America in the 1950s The Eisenhower Era. American Society The Baby Boom –Between 1946 and 1961, 63.5 million babies –Effects Short term Long term."— Presentation transcript:

1 America in the 1950s The Eisenhower Era

2 American Society The Baby Boom –Between 1946 and 1961, 63.5 million babies –Effects Short term Long term

3 American Society Economic Boom –The Affluent Society Consumer Demand –Why? –For what?

4 American Society Growth of the Middle Class –Suburbs Levittown –Reemergence of the Cult of Domesticity Reflected by TV Dr. Benjamin Spock –Sunbelt vs. Frostbelt Why? How?

5 American Society Sunbelt vs. Frostbelt –Why? –How?

6 American Society Pop Culture –1950s – the decade of the greatest conformity in American history? Why or why not? Television Movies

7

8 American Society Rock n Roll –Elvis Presley –Generation Gap

9 American Society Art: Abstract Expressionism –Jackson Pollock –Willem de Koonig

10 American Society The Beat Generation (beatniks) –Late 1950s –Jack Kerouac s On the Road –Allen Ginsburg –Characteristics

11 American Society Conformity –Middle class values and anti-communism –Examples –David Riesmans The Lonely Crowd (1950) Resistance to Conformity –Civil Rights –Rock n Roll –Beat Generation

12 Politics of the 1950s Election of 1952 – Review – I Like Ike AdI Like Ike Ad Eisenhower defeats Adlai Stevenson

13 Domestic Politics Dynamic Conservatism –Meant being conservative when it comes to money and liberal when it comes to human beings. –Social Security benefits extended –Minimum wage raised to $1 an hour –Pragmatic, less ideological – What does this mean?

14 Domestic Politics Dynamic Conservatism –Interstate Highway System – Why? Effects? –St. Lawrence Seaway –Creates Department of HEW – Why? –Three balanced budgets in eight years

15 Domestic Politics Ike Reelected in 1956 –Defeats Stevenson again Electoral vote States carried Popular vote 35,579, ,028,028 Percentage 57.4% %

16 Domestic Politics Labor Unions Merger of AFL-CIO Jimmy Hoffa and the Teamsters Landrum-Griffin Act

17 Domestic Politics Alaska and Hawaii become the 49 th and 50 th states –Alaska – 1958 –Hawaii – 1959

18 Civil Rights Earl Warren (and Ike) Brown v. Board of Education, Topeka Kansas 1954 –Overturned Plessy v. Ferguson –Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.

19 Civil Rights Response to Brown –Massive resistance in the South Protesting the Little Rock Nine

20 Civil Rights Montgomery Bus Boycott – –Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. –Rosa Parks

21 Civil Rights Little Rock, Arkansas –Little Rock Nine –Ikes Response

22 Civil Rights Dr. King and non-violence Sit-ins –Greensboro Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)

23 Civil Rights What is the point of the cartoon?

24 Civil Rights Other minorities –Mexican-Americans Bracero program Operation Wetback –Native Americans Reverses New Deal law

25 Cold War Key Advisors –John Foster Dulles (SoS) –Allen Dulles (CIA) Eisenhowers foreign policy –Korea (visits in December 1952) –Liberation of Eastern Europe –Massive retaliation – define –Brinksmanship –Rejected containment – Why?

26 Cold War American Reactions –Spending –Cheyenne Mountain –The Greenbriar –http://www.greenbrier.c om/site/bunker-gallery/http://www.greenbrier.c om/site/bunker-gallery/

27 Cheyenne Mountain

28 Cold War Mutual Assured Destruction (MAD) –Define: deterrent New Look Military Farewell Address –Warning: growth of the military- industrial complex

29 Cold War Stalin dies-1953 Warsaw Pact –1955 New Soviet leader – Nikita Khrushchev –Peaceful coexistence or –We will bury you (economically)

30 Cold War Events Geneva Summit – 1955 Hungarian Uprising-1956 Suez Crisis – 1956 –Nasser and Egypt –Britain, France & Israel attack Egypt – Why? Eisenhower Doctrine

31 Cold War Events Sputnik –1957 (above, right) National Defense Education Act Explorer I launched –1958 (below, right) –NASA founded

32 Cold War Events Conflict with the USSR –Kitchen Debates –U-2 Incident

33 The Cold War & the CIA Iran – 1953 –Coup that installed the Shah as dictator –Iranian revenge in 1979 Guatemala – 1954

34 Vietnam Ho Chi Minh Dien Bien Phu – 1954 –Vietnam divided – how? –Ngo Dinh Diem SEATO Domino Theory

35 Cuba Fidel Castro –Successful coup, January 1, 1959 –American response

36 The Affluent Society New Industrial Society –R & D –Computers –Silicon Valley

37 The Affluent Society New Industrial Society –Effects –Rachel Carson

38 The Affluent Society Was everyone wealthy? –Ralph Ellisons Invisible Man –Michael Harrington The Other America: Poverty in the United States


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