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America in the 1950s The Eisenhower Era.

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Presentation on theme: "America in the 1950s The Eisenhower Era."— Presentation transcript:

1 America in the 1950s The Eisenhower Era

2 American Society The Baby Boom
Between 1946 and 1961, 63.5 million babies Effects Short term Long term

3 American Society Economic Boom Consumer Demand “The Affluent Society”
Why? For what?

4 American Society Growth of the Middle Class Suburbs
Levittown Reemergence of the Cult of Domesticity Reflected by TV Dr. Benjamin Spock Sunbelt vs. Frostbelt Why? How?

5 American Society Sunbelt vs. Frostbelt Why? How?

6 American Society Pop Culture Television Movies
1950s – the decade of the greatest conformity in American history? Why or why not? Television Movies


8 American Society Rock n’ Roll Elvis Presley Generation Gap

9 American Society Art: Abstract Expressionism Jackson Pollock
Willem de Koonig

10 American Society The Beat Generation (beatniks) Late 1950s
Jack Kerouac’ s On the Road Allen Ginsburg Characteristics

11 American Society Conformity Resistance to Conformity
Middle class values and anti-communism Examples David Riesman’s The Lonely Crowd (1950) Resistance to Conformity Civil Rights Rock n’ Roll Beat Generation

12 Politics of the 1950s Election of 1952 – Review – “I Like Ike” Ad
Eisenhower defeats Adlai Stevenson

13 Domestic Politics Dynamic Conservatism
Meant “being conservative when it comes to money and liberal when it comes to human beings.” Social Security benefits extended Minimum wage raised to $1 an hour Pragmatic, less ideological – What does this mean?

14 Domestic Politics Dynamic Conservatism
Interstate Highway System – Why? Effects? St. Lawrence Seaway Creates Department of HEW – Why? Three balanced budgets in eight years

15 Domestic Politics Ike Reelected in 1956 Defeats Stevenson again
Electoral vote States carried Popular vote 35,579, ,028,028 Percentage % %

16 Domestic Politics Labor Unions Merger of AFL-CIO - 1955
Jimmy Hoffa and the Teamsters Landrum-Griffin Act 1959

17 Domestic Politics Alaska and Hawaii become the 49th and 50th states

18 Civil Rights Earl Warren (and Ike)
Brown v. Board of Education, Topeka Kansas 1954 Overturned Plessy v. Ferguson “Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.”

19 Civil Rights Response to Brown Massive resistance in the South
Protesting the Little Rock Nine

20 Civil Rights Montgomery Bus Boycott 1955-1956
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Rosa Parks

21 Civil Rights Little Rock, Arkansas Little Rock Nine Ike’s Response

22 Civil Rights Dr. King and non-violence Sit-ins
Greensboro Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)

23 Civil Rights What is the point of the cartoon?

24 Civil Rights Other minorities Mexican-Americans Native Americans
Bracero program “Operation Wetback” Native Americans Reverses New Deal law

25 Cold War Key Advisors John Foster Dulles Allen Dulles (CIA)
(SoS) Allen Dulles (CIA) Eisenhower’s foreign policy Korea (visits in December 1952) Liberation of Eastern Europe Massive retaliation – define Brinksmanship Rejected containment – Why?

26 Cold War American Reactions Spending Cheyenne Mountain The Greenbriar

27 Cheyenne Mountain

28 Cold War Mutual Assured Destruction (MAD) “New Look Military”
Define: deterrent “New Look Military” Farewell Address Warning: growth of the military-industrial complex

29 Cold War Stalin dies-1953 Warsaw Pact
1955 New Soviet leader – Nikita Khrushchev “Peaceful coexistence” or “We will bury you” (economically)

30 Cold War Events Geneva Summit – 1955 Hungarian Uprising-1956
Suez Crisis – 1956 Nasser and Egypt Britain, France & Israel attack Egypt – Why? Eisenhower Doctrine

31 Cold War Events Sputnik National Defense Education Act
1957 (above, right) National Defense Education Act Explorer I launched 1958 (below, right) NASA founded

32 Cold War Events Conflict with the USSR Kitchen Debates U-2 Incident

33 The Cold War & the CIA Iran – 1953 Guatemala – 1954
Coup that installed the Shah as dictator Iranian revenge in 1979 Guatemala – 1954

34 Vietnam Ho Chi Minh Dien Bien Phu – 1954 SEATO Domino Theory
Vietnam divided – how? Ngo Dinh Diem SEATO Domino Theory

35 Cuba Fidel Castro Successful coup, January 1, 1959 American response

36 The Affluent Society New Industrial Society R & D Computers
Silicon Valley

37 The Affluent Society New Industrial Society Effects Rachel Carson

38 The Affluent Society Was everyone wealthy?
Ralph Ellison’s Invisible Man Michael Harrington The Other America: Poverty in the United States

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