Presentation on theme: "America in the 1950s The Eisenhower Era. American Society The Baby Boom –Between 1946 and 1961, 63.5 million babies –Effects Short term Long term."— Presentation transcript:
America in the 1950s The Eisenhower Era
American Society The Baby Boom –Between 1946 and 1961, 63.5 million babies –Effects Short term Long term
American Society Economic Boom –The Affluent Society Consumer Demand –Why? –For what?
American Society Growth of the Middle Class –Suburbs Levittown –Reemergence of the Cult of Domesticity Reflected by TV Dr. Benjamin Spock –Sunbelt vs. Frostbelt Why? How?
American Society Sunbelt vs. Frostbelt –Why? –How?
American Society Pop Culture –1950s – the decade of the greatest conformity in American history? Why or why not? Television Movies
American Society Rock n Roll –Elvis Presley –Generation Gap
American Society Art: Abstract Expressionism –Jackson Pollock –Willem de Koonig
American Society The Beat Generation (beatniks) –Late 1950s –Jack Kerouac s On the Road –Allen Ginsburg –Characteristics
American Society Conformity –Middle class values and anti-communism –Examples –David Riesmans The Lonely Crowd (1950) Resistance to Conformity –Civil Rights –Rock n Roll –Beat Generation
Politics of the 1950s Election of 1952 – Review – I Like Ike AdI Like Ike Ad Eisenhower defeats Adlai Stevenson
Domestic Politics Dynamic Conservatism –Meant being conservative when it comes to money and liberal when it comes to human beings. –Social Security benefits extended –Minimum wage raised to $1 an hour –Pragmatic, less ideological – What does this mean?
Domestic Politics Dynamic Conservatism –Interstate Highway System – Why? Effects? –St. Lawrence Seaway –Creates Department of HEW – Why? –Three balanced budgets in eight years
Domestic Politics Ike Reelected in 1956 –Defeats Stevenson again Electoral vote States carried Popular vote 35,579, ,028,028 Percentage 57.4% %
Domestic Politics Labor Unions Merger of AFL-CIO Jimmy Hoffa and the Teamsters Landrum-Griffin Act
Domestic Politics Alaska and Hawaii become the 49 th and 50 th states –Alaska – 1958 –Hawaii – 1959
Civil Rights Earl Warren (and Ike) Brown v. Board of Education, Topeka Kansas 1954 –Overturned Plessy v. Ferguson –Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.
Civil Rights Response to Brown –Massive resistance in the South Protesting the Little Rock Nine
Civil Rights Montgomery Bus Boycott – –Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. –Rosa Parks
Civil Rights Little Rock, Arkansas –Little Rock Nine –Ikes Response
Civil Rights Dr. King and non-violence Sit-ins –Greensboro Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
Civil Rights What is the point of the cartoon?
Civil Rights Other minorities –Mexican-Americans Bracero program Operation Wetback –Native Americans Reverses New Deal law
Cold War Key Advisors –John Foster Dulles (SoS) –Allen Dulles (CIA) Eisenhowers foreign policy –Korea (visits in December 1952) –Liberation of Eastern Europe –Massive retaliation – define –Brinksmanship –Rejected containment – Why?
Cold War American Reactions –Spending –Cheyenne Mountain –The Greenbriar –http://www.greenbrier.c om/site/bunker-gallery/http://www.greenbrier.c om/site/bunker-gallery/
Cold War Mutual Assured Destruction (MAD) –Define: deterrent New Look Military Farewell Address –Warning: growth of the military- industrial complex
Cold War Stalin dies-1953 Warsaw Pact –1955 New Soviet leader – Nikita Khrushchev –Peaceful coexistence or –We will bury you (economically)
Cold War Events Geneva Summit – 1955 Hungarian Uprising-1956 Suez Crisis – 1956 –Nasser and Egypt –Britain, France & Israel attack Egypt – Why? Eisenhower Doctrine
Cold War Events Sputnik –1957 (above, right) National Defense Education Act Explorer I launched –1958 (below, right) –NASA founded
Cold War Events Conflict with the USSR –Kitchen Debates –U-2 Incident
The Cold War & the CIA Iran – 1953 –Coup that installed the Shah as dictator –Iranian revenge in 1979 Guatemala – 1954
Vietnam Ho Chi Minh Dien Bien Phu – 1954 –Vietnam divided – how? –Ngo Dinh Diem SEATO Domino Theory
Cuba Fidel Castro –Successful coup, January 1, 1959 –American response
The Affluent Society New Industrial Society –R & D –Computers –Silicon Valley
The Affluent Society New Industrial Society –Effects –Rachel Carson
The Affluent Society Was everyone wealthy? –Ralph Ellisons Invisible Man –Michael Harrington The Other America: Poverty in the United States