American Society Rock n Roll –Elvis Presley –Generation Gap
American Society Art: Abstract Expressionism –Jackson Pollock –Willem de Koonig
American Society The Beat Generation (beatniks) –Late 1950s –Jack Kerouac s On the Road –Allen Ginsburg –Characteristics
American Society Conformity –Middle class values and anti-communism –Examples –David Riesmans The Lonely Crowd (1950) Resistance to Conformity –Civil Rights –Rock n Roll –Beat Generation
Politics of the 1950s Election of 1952 – Review – I Like Ike AdI Like Ike Ad Eisenhower defeats Adlai Stevenson
Domestic Politics Dynamic Conservatism –Meant being conservative when it comes to money and liberal when it comes to human beings. –Social Security benefits extended –Minimum wage raised to $1 an hour –Pragmatic, less ideological – What does this mean?
Domestic Politics Dynamic Conservatism –Interstate Highway System – Why? Effects? –St. Lawrence Seaway –Creates Department of HEW – Why? –Three balanced budgets in eight years
Domestic Politics Ike Reelected in 1956 –Defeats Stevenson again Electoral vote 457 - 73 States carried 41 - 7 Popular vote 35,579,180 - 26,028,028 Percentage 57.4% - 42.0%
Domestic Politics Labor Unions Merger of AFL-CIO - 1955 Jimmy Hoffa and the Teamsters Landrum-Griffin Act - 1959 1959
Domestic Politics Alaska and Hawaii become the 49 th and 50 th states –Alaska – 1958 –Hawaii – 1959
Civil Rights Earl Warren (and Ike) Brown v. Board of Education, Topeka Kansas 1954 –Overturned Plessy v. Ferguson –Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.
Civil Rights Response to Brown –Massive resistance in the South Protesting the Little Rock Nine
Civil Rights Montgomery Bus Boycott –1955-1956 –Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. –Rosa Parks
Civil Rights Little Rock, Arkansas –Little Rock Nine –Ikes Response
Civil Rights Dr. King and non-violence Sit-ins –Greensboro Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)