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AP U.S. History Workshop The 2010 AP Reading February 25, 2011.

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Presentation on theme: "AP U.S. History Workshop The 2010 AP Reading February 25, 2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 AP U.S. History Workshop The 2010 AP Reading February 25, 2011

2 Presenter Information Mike Nance Mike Nance Alpharetta HS Alpharetta HS nance@fultonschools.org nance@fultonschools.org nance@fultonschools.org http://www2.fultonschools.org/teacher/nance / http://www2.fultonschools.org/teacher/nance / http://www2.fultonschools.org/teacher/nance / http://www2.fultonschools.org/teacher/nance /

3 Online Score Reporting My AP U.S. Instructional Planning Report My AP U.S. Instructional Planning Report My AP U.S. Instructional Planning Report My AP U.S. Instructional Planning Report Uses Uses

4 Why become a Reader? The top six reasons #6: Earning Continuing Education Units (CEUs) and professional development hours. #6: Earning Continuing Education Units (CEUs) and professional development hours. #5: Grading the exam responses of the world's brightest students - and others! #5: Grading the exam responses of the world's brightest students - and others! #4: Practicing how to use a rubric consistently, (which can make you better at scoring your own students' essays) #4: Practicing how to use a rubric consistently, (which can make you better at scoring your own students' essays) #3: Establishing friendships and a countrywide network of faculty members #3: Establishing friendships and a countrywide network of faculty members #2: Exchanging ideas among faculty and AP Development committee members #2: Exchanging ideas among faculty and AP Development committee members

5 And the #1 reason to become an AP Reader… $ Readers are paid!

6 AP U.S. History Exam Format 80 item multiple choice exam 80 item multiple choice exam One Document Based Essay (DBQ) One Document Based Essay (DBQ) Two Free Response essays, one of two questions in two parts Two Free Response essays, one of two questions in two parts

7 The 2010 AP U.S. Exam The DBQ The DBQ In what ways did ideas and values held by Puritans influence the political, economic, and social development of the New England colonies from 1630 through the 1660s? In what ways did ideas and values held by Puritans influence the political, economic, and social development of the New England colonies from 1630 through the 1660s? 10 documents, A-J 10 documents, A-J Instructions Instructions Coherent essay Coherent essay Document interpretation Document interpretation Outside information Outside information

8 What did the question require? Knowledge of Puritan settlement in New England, 1630-1660, esp. political, economic and social development Knowledge of Puritan settlement in New England, 1630-1660, esp. political, economic and social development Ability to interpret and apply documents Ability to interpret and apply documents Recall of relevant outside data Recall of relevant outside data

9 How did students perform? 3.4 average on 0-9 scale (not bad) 3.4 average on 0-9 scale (not bad) Most essays were long; most used nearly all of the documents Most essays were long; most used nearly all of the documents Most dealt exclusively with the documents, i.e., no outside information Most dealt exclusively with the documents, i.e., no outside information Many had the big four: Mission, Williams, Hutchison Many had the big four: Mission, Williams, Hutchison

10 How did students perform? Most could use documents to some extent Most could use documents to some extent No one document caused problems (Doc. G and H most often). No one document caused problems (Doc. G and H most often). Most were descriptive, not analytical Most were descriptive, not analytical

11 More on the 2010 DBQ Documents were often quoted: OUCH! Documents were often quoted: OUCH! Economics was weakest of the three (many erred on doc. H) Economics was weakest of the three (many erred on doc. H) Some tried to compare NE w/ other regions (1993 DBQ) Some tried to compare NE w/ other regions (1993 DBQ)

12 Did Your Students Say… Puritans also can tolerate any religion… except his own.Puritans also can tolerate any religion… except his own. what extreme measures were taken to vanquish anything believed to be evil or contemplating with satin what extreme measures were taken to vanquish anything believed to be evil or contemplating with satin

13 Did Your Students Say… Although Puritan principles did have a resonating effect on the New England region, the Puritan axioms themselves are innately controversial in the sense that some fortified the mother colony, Massachusetts, while others, unequivocally, were a cogent force in the formation of schisms. Although Puritan principles did have a resonating effect on the New England region, the Puritan axioms themselves are innately controversial in the sense that some fortified the mother colony, Massachusetts, while others, unequivocally, were a cogent force in the formation of schisms.

14 DBQ Samples and Scoring The rubric The rubric The rubric The rubric The Documents: Information and Inference The Documents: Information and Inference The Documents: Information and Inference The Documents: Information and Inference Outside Information Outside Information Outside Information Outside Information

15 Three Samples 1A 1A 1B 1B 1C 1C

16 Teaching Students to do the DBQ My DBQ practice instructions My DBQ practice instructions My DBQ practice instructions My DBQ practice instructions Why this way? Why this way? Most DBQ topics are common knowledge Most DBQ topics are common knowledge Too many kids start with In document A and finish with In document J… Too many kids start with In document A and finish with In document J… Better chance of having a unique introduction Better chance of having a unique introduction How many kids are taking the test? How many kids are taking the test? How many 2010 DBQs started with Puritan ideas and values influenced the social, political…? How many 2010 DBQs started with Puritan ideas and values influenced the social, political…?

17 Question 4 Analyze the roles that women played in Progressive Era reforms from the 1880s through 1920. Focus your essay on TWO of the following. Analyze the roles that women played in Progressive Era reforms from the 1880s through 1920. Focus your essay on TWO of the following. Politics Politics Social conditions Social conditions Labor and working conditions Labor and working conditions

18 What did the question require? Analysis of the roles of women Analysis of the roles of women Two of three topics Two of three topics Draw conclusions Draw conclusions

19 How did students perform? 2.86 on 9 point scale 2.86 on 9 point scale Wide range of answers Wide range of answers Very broad and vague to specific and analytical Very broad and vague to specific and analytical More specifics on political and social than labor/working conditions More specifics on political and social than labor/working conditions

20 How did students perform? Common errors Common errors Progressive reforms v. role of women Progressive reforms v. role of women Chronologically challenged: Chronologically challenged: Lowell girls Lowell girls Dorothea Dix Dorothea Dix Flappers Flappers Seneca Falls Seneca Falls

21 did your student say this? In the early days, women were not allowed. In the early days, women were not allowed.

22 Did your student say this? As everyone remembers, everyone saw a woman people looked up to, the beloved Hillary Clinton, break down into tears. That day will live in infamy. Men were proven right; a woman could never have the power, strength or mind to rule the world. Menstrual cycles, emotions, etc., would just continue to get in the way. Susan B. Anthony worked to gain suffrage at Seneca Falls, but through one woman womens suffrage will forever be questioned. As everyone remembers, everyone saw a woman people looked up to, the beloved Hillary Clinton, break down into tears. That day will live in infamy. Men were proven right; a woman could never have the power, strength or mind to rule the world. Menstrual cycles, emotions, etc., would just continue to get in the way. Susan B. Anthony worked to gain suffrage at Seneca Falls, but through one woman womens suffrage will forever be questioned. No, Im not kidding… No, Im not kidding…

23 Did your student say this? Crawling into small spaces with no air everyday affected the children physically and ruined their childhood. Crawling into small spaces with no air everyday affected the children physically and ruined their childhood.

24 New History! In one essay – in order Flappers Seneca Falls Anti-saloon League ERA and the Declaration of Sentiments Abagail Adams Claribel (Clara Bow??) Vietnam and Rosie the Riveter Republican motherhood Clarence Thomas, originally a feminist Anne Hutchison and utopian communities NOW National Womens Political caucus The Grimke Sisters and Rosa Parks Harriet Tubman and Native Americans

25 Lessons from the AP Reading Emphasize explicitly addressing the terms of the question (start w/ reading the question carefully) Emphasize explicitly addressing the terms of the question (start w/ reading the question carefully) Use chronological and thematic reviews Use chronological and thematic reviews Emphasize the time period of the question Emphasize the time period of the question Why did the CB choose this period? Why did the CB choose this period? Whats in v. whats out? Whats in v. whats out?

26 Improving Student Writing Teach student to make outlines: A vanishing art! Teach student to make outlines: A vanishing art! Teach students the principal question terms Teach students the principal question terms Analyze Analyze Assess Assess Evaluate Evaluate To what extent To what extent Assess the extent to which Assess the extent to which Discuss, focus, consider Discuss, focus, consider

27 Improving Student Writing Force students to address the key elements of the question The bulleted points Consensus and conformity Effectiveness and success Successes and failures Changes and consequences Compare and contrast responses

28 Force students to pay attention to the time period (some recent examples) Force students to pay attention to the time period (some recent examples) 1945-1975 1945-1975 1775-1800 1775-1800 1816/20-1861 1816/20-1861 1928-1948 1928-1948 Ask them to brainstorm periods occasionally Ask them to brainstorm periods occasionally

29 Improving Student Writing Teach students the key concepts they must know Teach students the key concepts they must know New South New South Market Revolution Market Revolution Great Awakening Great Awakening Rebellions Rebellions Labor Labor Immigrants Immigrants Women Women

30 Improving Student Writing Be Positive Be Positive Stress success on the Exam Stress success on the Exam Structure your assessments around the Exam Structure your assessments around the Exam Give students the essay questions in advance (they are all on AP Central anyway!) Give students the essay questions in advance (they are all on AP Central anyway!) Use a rubric to score them Use a rubric to score them

31 Use student samples Have students critique samples Have students critique samples Use the samples on AP Central, good and bad Use the samples on AP Central, good and bad Use your own student papers (cautiously and with permission) Use your own student papers (cautiously and with permission) use last years classes (you can get your booklets from ETS). use last years classes (you can get your booklets from ETS). Require students to revise their own essays Require students to revise their own essays

32 My Best Practices Mystery – the DBQ Game Mystery – the DBQ Game Discussion Group Discussion Group Essay Prep w/ documents Essay Prep w/ documents Essay Prep w/ documents Essay Prep w/ documents Teaching with Cartoons Teaching with Cartoons Teaching with Cartoons Teaching with Cartoons


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