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Presentation on theme: "SPARTA."— Presentation transcript:



3 MILITARY SOCIETY Life revolved around army, no need for city walls…army will defend All men aspired to become soldiers Newborn infants were examined Healthy: could live Sickly: left to die on a hillside

4 SPARTAN MEN Age 7: taken to military barracks to start training in reading, writing, weapons Age 20: became soldiers & sent to frontier Age 30: marry & reproduce, but still stay in army Age 60: retire from army

5 SPARTAN MEN Life in barracks is harsh
Beaten by older children to make you tough Whipped in front of others but could not cry Given little food & encouraged to steal Wore rags & no shoes all year In time, taught to lie, steal, cheat

6 SPARTAN WOMEN Life’s ambition is to be a soldier’s mother
Brought up to be healthy Trained in wrestling, boxing, gymnastics Married at 19 so babies would be healthy More personal freedoms than Athenians, but not serve in gov’t

7 SPARTAN GOVT. There were kings, but their duties were limited to leading the army & conducting religious services The Assembly (male citizens over 30) passed laws, made decisions A Council of the Elders (male citizens over 60) served as supreme court;

8 CULTURE The strict control over people led to a lack of economic development Discouraged trade & shunned philosophy, science & the arts They were exceptional athletes, competed well in the Olympics, & defended Greece against invaders

9 Athens


11 Government Unlike Sparta they developed a constitution that stated all free, Athenian-born men were citizens…regardless of what social class - Now they could participate in Assembly regardless of land ownership - This reduced friction in Athens

12 Children in Athens Boys given an education, as they were expected to hold office as a citizen 1 day Girls received no formal education, just household training from mother Private tutors or schools From 7-18 boys learned: Arithmetic --Geometry Drawing, music, gymnastics Main texts were Iliad & Odyssey

13 Children in Athens Wealthy girls would marry their father’s choice at 15 Peasant girls would choose a husband from the field Boys would train for future jobs after school They entered the military after graduation & then went onto careers such as businessmen or Olympic athletes

14 Women in Athens Wore clothes to depict their status in society
Most important job for all women is having children Wealthy women would manage house & slaves Peasant women would manage house & work in field Women not allowed to eat/sleep in same room as men, go to market Women were not allowed to view the olympics.

15 Men in Athens Like their wives, wore clothes equal to their status
In charge of family & house Given great respect at home Would work as businessmen or farmers during the day Given the most responsibility in Greece, so they were the most important people

16 Building Democracy 621 BC democracy develops in Athens
Develop legal code based on equality of citizens Abolish debt slavery & have citizens make laws - Only native born property owning males are citizens

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