3 MILITARY SOCIETYLife revolved around army, no need for city walls…army will defendAll men aspired to become soldiersNewborn infants were examinedHealthy: could liveSickly: left to die on a hillside
4 SPARTAN MENAge 7: taken to military barracks to start training in reading, writing, weaponsAge 20: became soldiers & sent to frontierAge 30: marry & reproduce, but still stay in armyAge 60: retire from army
5 SPARTAN MEN Life in barracks is harsh Beaten by older children to make you toughWhipped in front of others but could not cryGiven little food & encouraged to stealWore rags & no shoes all yearIn time, taught to lie, steal, cheat
6 SPARTAN WOMEN Life’s ambition is to be a soldier’s mother Brought up to be healthyTrained in wrestling, boxing, gymnasticsMarried at 19 so babies would be healthyMore personal freedoms than Athenians, but not serve in gov’t
7 SPARTAN GOVT.There were kings, but their duties were limited to leading the army & conducting religious servicesThe Assembly (male citizens over 30) passed laws, made decisionsA Council of the Elders (male citizens over 60) served as supreme court;
8 CULTUREThe strict control over people led to a lack of economic developmentDiscouraged trade & shunned philosophy, science & the artsThey were exceptional athletes, competed well in the Olympics, & defended Greece against invaders
11 GovernmentUnlike Sparta they developed a constitution that stated all free, Athenian-born men were citizens…regardless of what social class - Now they could participate in Assembly regardless of land ownership- This reduced friction in Athens
12 Children in AthensBoys given an education, as they were expected to hold office as a citizen 1 dayGirls received no formal education, just household training from motherPrivate tutors or schoolsFrom 7-18 boys learned:Arithmetic --GeometryDrawing, music, gymnasticsMain texts were Iliad & Odyssey
13 Children in AthensWealthy girls would marry their father’s choice at 15Peasant girls would choose a husband from the fieldBoys would train for future jobs after schoolThey entered the military after graduation & then went onto careers such as businessmen or Olympic athletes
14 Women in Athens Wore clothes to depict their status in society Most important job for all women is having childrenWealthy women would manage house & slavesPeasant women would manage house & work in fieldWomen not allowed to eat/sleep in same room as men, go to marketWomen were not allowed to view the olympics.
15 Men in Athens Like their wives, wore clothes equal to their status In charge of family & houseGiven great respect at homeWould work as businessmen or farmers during the dayGiven the most responsibility in Greece, so they were the most important people
16 Building Democracy 621 BC democracy develops in Athens Develop legal code based on equality of citizensAbolish debt slavery & have citizens make laws- Only native born property owning males are citizens
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