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Weather Study Guide
2 points each (matching)Section 1: Vocabulary 2 points each (matching)
What are all the particles of air pressing on a surface?
What is the layer of air that surrounds our planet?
What is another name for the amount of water vapor in the air?
What is the name of the layer of the atmosphere closest to the Earth where most weather occurs?
Troposphere Layer closes to the earth Weather happens in this layerLive and breathe air in this layer Air temperature decreases as you go higher
What is the 2nd closest layer of the atmosphere to the Earth?
Stratosphere Airplanes travel in this layer to avoid bad weatherContains most of the atmosphere’s ozone Ozone protects living things from harmful rays of the sun Temperature increase with height
What is the 3rd closest layer of the atmosphere to the Earth which is also the coldest layer?
Mesosphere Temperature decreases with heightColdest layer of the atmosphere
What is the hottest, outermost layer of the atmosphere?
Thermosphere Hot, outermost layerTemperature increase quickly with height
What is the way that the atmosphere traps heat to warm land and oceans called?
What are huge bodies of air called?
What do we call the place where two air masses meet?
What are the high, wispy clouds that signal cool, fair weather?
What are the puffy clouds that often signal clear, warm days?
What are the tall, dark clouds that signal thunderstorms?
Cumulonimbus Dense cumulus cloud with a hazy outlineUsually producing heavy rain, thunderstorms, or hailstorms
What are the low, grey clouds often occurring along warm fronts sometimes bringing rain or snow?
Stratus Dark gray clouds that form a low layerSometimes bring rain or snow showers
Section 2: Science Concepts5 points each
What are the four layers of the atmosphere?
The four layers of the atmosphere are:Troposphere Stratosphere Mesosphere Thermosphere
What instruments do meteorologists use to forecast weather?
Anemometer Measures wind speedThe cups catch the wind, turning a dial attached to the instrument. The dial shows the wind speed.
Barometer Measures air pressure
Hygrometer Measures the amount of humidity in the air.
In which layer of the atmosphere does most weather occur?
What is the cloud type that usually brings heavy rain?
What does warm air do when affected by cooler air?
Warm air can be characterized as forced upward by cooler air and it exerts low pressure.
Describe the water cycle.
The water cycle consists of four different events that constantly repeat themselves. (Be able to describe each one).
CONGRATULATIONS. You did itCONGRATULATIONS!! You did it!!! If you did well on this study guide, you should do well on the test.
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