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Chapter 9 Section 1 The Early Americas. Ummmmmmmm… What value would a Wooly Mammoth have to the natives? What value would a Wooly Mammoth have to the.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 9 Section 1 The Early Americas. Ummmmmmmm… What value would a Wooly Mammoth have to the natives? What value would a Wooly Mammoth have to the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 9 Section 1 The Early Americas

2 Ummmmmmmm… What value would a Wooly Mammoth have to the natives? What value would a Wooly Mammoth have to the natives?

3 What was going on? While civilizations were developing over in Europe, Asia, and Africa, there were also developments in the The Americas While civilizations were developing over in Europe, Asia, and Africa, there were also developments in the The Americas Americas = North America, Central America, and South America Americas = North America, Central America, and South America The first Americans came from ASIA.

4 How did they get to the Americas? The earliest civilizations arrived in the Americas via a LAND BRIDGE, known as BERINGIA. The earliest civilizations arrived in the Americas via a LAND BRIDGE, known as BERINGIA. Beringia was a space between Asia and Alaska. (This is the modern-day Bering Straight.) Beringia was a space between Asia and Alaska. (This is the modern-day Bering Straight.) Historians are unsure about the exact time that the migration to the Americas took place. Historians are unsure about the exact time that the migration to the Americas took place.

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6 What type of people were migrating? The people were Hunter-Gatherers. The people were Hunter-Gatherers. Their most valuable prey was the mammoth: Their most valuable prey was the mammoth: –Mammoths weighed more than 14,000 lbs. –Provided meat, hide, bones for food, clothing, shelter, and tools –Some historians say that early people followed the mammoths to the Americas After the people were here for a while, they began to turn toward AGRICULTURE. After the people were here for a while, they began to turn toward AGRICULTURE. –What did they grow and eat? Squash, gourds, beans, avocados, chilies, and MAIZE. Maize = Corn Maize = Corn

7 The Effects of Agriculture Before Agriculture Development People were mainly Hunters Migrated to find food Groups stayed small and unorganized Most of their time was devoted to finding food After Agriculture Development Steady source of food Families settled down and began to grow larger New skills developed: arts/craft, architecture, and social organization Complex Societies arose IMPORANT: This change brought about the development of more advanced civilizations.

8 Chapter 9 Section 2 The Early Mesoamerican Civilizations

9 OLMEC: First Known Civilization Location: Southern Mexico Location: Southern Mexico When: 1200 BC When: 1200 BC Called theMother Culture of Mesoamerica Called theMother Culture of Mesoamerica

10 Olmecs Remnants

11 Benefits of the Olmecs Good clay for pottery Good clay for pottery Forests for wood products and rubber products Forests for wood products and rubber products Mountains for stone structure Mountains for stone structure Rivers for moving goods Rivers for moving goods Fertile soil for growing a wide variety of food Fertile soil for growing a wide variety of food

12 Zapotec Civilization Came after the Olmecs Came after the Olmecs Had some influences of the Olmecs, but they still did their own thing. Had some influences of the Olmecs, but they still did their own thing. Zapotec developed: Zapotec developed: –Writing –Calendars –Built the first city in the Americas: Monte Alban (population 25,000)

13 Zapotec Artifacts Ball Court

14 Conclusion Historians are unsure of exactly why these two civilizations disappeared Historians are unsure of exactly why these two civilizations disappeared They both had a significant impact on the civilizations that followed them. They both had a significant impact on the civilizations that followed them.

15 Chapter 9 Section 3 Early Civilizations of the Andes

16 Where are the Andes Mts.?? Description 4,500 miles long 2 nd Highest mountain chain Steep, Rocky Terrain Poor Soil Hot/Dry during the day Really cold at night 1 st Development was in Peru

17 Societies Arise in the Andes Chavin (shaVEEN) People Chavin (shaVEEN) People –1 st People to settle in the Andean Mountains –Hunter-Gatherers –Mother Culture of South America Nazca People Nazca People –On the coast of Peru –Developed extensive irrigation b/c it was too dry. This allowed the Nazca to develop their agriculture

18 Societies Arise in the Andes Nazca People Continued Nazca People Continued –They developed The Nazca Lines –Purpose: No one really knows, but here are the theories: Worship of the Sky or Water god Worship of the Sky or Water god Water sources from old river beds Water sources from old river beds Maps of underground water sources Maps of underground water sources

19 Societies Arise in the Andes Moche (MO-chay) People Moche (MO-chay) People –Northern Coast of Peru –Used the rivers to develop their irrigation systems –Very Wealthy: Archeologists have found jewelry with gold, silver, and gems –Artistic People – especially with pottery Showed doctors, weavers, musicians, fierce soldiers Showed doctors, weavers, musicians, fierce soldiers No written language No written language No religious patterns No religious patterns The Communities of the Andes were all separate from each other, and historians are unsure why their civilizations disappeared.


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