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The Story of Apartheid By Mzoli Mncanca.

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1 The Story of Apartheid By Mzoli Mncanca

2 ” I am an African. I owe my being to the hills and the valleys, the mountains and the glades, the rivers, the deserts, the trees, the flowers, the seas and the ever-changing seasons that define the face of our native land” Thabo Mbeki Africa By Mzoli Mncanca

3 The map of South Africa By Mzoli Mncanca

4 In the Beginning SA was…..
Colonized by English and Dutch in 17th century English domination of Dutch (Afrikaners) led to Dutch creating new colonies 1900-Diamonds discovery led to English invasion and war between English and Dutch (Anglo-Boer War) After gaining independence from England, Afrikaner National Party gained majority in 1940s 1948-National Party implemented apartheid to establish white domination and separation of races 1960s- “Grand Apartheid” established- “territorial separation and police repression” By Mzoli Mncanca Mzoli Mcanca

5 What is Apartheid? Afrikaans word for Separation of races
i.e. Black, White, Coloured,and Indian Practical separation of residential areas Separation of public institutions e.g. schools and hospitals. Separation of jobs, ”jobs for whites only” Separate use of facilities like toilets, chairs, bus stops, stair-cases etc. By Mzoli Mncanca Mzoli Mcanca

6 Going Deeper Into Apartheid…
1950-Population Registration Act -Divided South Africans into white, black (Africans), and colored (mixed descent) -Based on appearance, social acceptance, and descent -Blacks-forced to carry “pass books” holding fingerprints, photograph, and information on access to non-black areas 1948-Racism institutionalized -Marriage between blacks and whites prohibited -”white-only” jobs authorized By Mzoli Mncanca

7 Homelands Land Act of 1953: deprived blacks of the right to own land and moved them onto “homelands” By Mzoli Mncanca Mzoli Mcanca 7

8 1951 Bantu Authorities Act Created basis for ethnic government in African reserves or “homelands” Blacks had no rights in South Africa. Their rights were restricted to the so called “homelands”. The White Government had complete control over the homelands. By Mzoli Mncanca

9 1953- Public Safety Act and Criminal Law Amendment Act
Gave government power to declare states of emergency, increase punishments for protesting against or supporting repeal of a law: fines, imprisonment, whippings 1960-Government declared state of emergency when large group of blacks in Sharpeville refused to carry their passes (native ID) Emergency lasted for 156 days, 69 people dead and 187 people wounded By Mzoli Mncanca

10 Various laws applied in the use of public facilities, like chairs, toilets, bus stops, stair-cases etc. By Mzoli Mncanca

11 At times it could be worse
By Mzoli Mncanca

12 Education Bantu Education Act (1953) gave the central government control over African education "Native education should be controlled in accord with the policy of the state If the native in South Africa today in any kind of school in existence is being taught to expect that he will live his adult life under a policy of equal rights, he is making a big mistake There is no place for him in the European community above the level of certain forms of labor." -Hendrik Verwoerd, Prime Minister By Mzoli Mncanca Mzoli Mcanca 12

13 Apartheid was highly effective at giving preferential treatment to whites
By Mzoli Mncanca

14 Student Uprising: 1976 Black students were forced to learn in Afrikaans. Protests against Afrikaans started. More than 500 black students killed by white policemen. More than a thousand men, women and children wounded. By Mzoli Mncanca

15 At least from 1976 until 1990, such headlines were common place in South African newspapers.
By Mzoli Mncanca Mzoli Mcanca 15

16 A Struggle Against Apartheid
Important to remember: Throughout the apartheid, there was a movement fighting against it… African National Congress Nelson Mandela- A key character in the fight for democracy -Imprisoned for his political efforts -President of ANC -Released from prison in 1990 -First democratic president of South Africa May 10, 1994- First Democratic Election By Mzoli Mncanca

17 Nelson Mandela also votes April, 1994
By Mzoli Mncanca Mzoli Mcanca 17

18 A Brief Timeline…. 1948 Apartheid started. Whites were in the minority. South African government did not care about being shunned by the rest of the world. 1961 South Africa became a republic. By Mzoli Mncanca

19 1976- More than 500 students killed
’s – repressive laws. 1976- More than 500 students killed 1980’s – violent opposition to White South African government. P.W. Botha main proponent of apartheid. – massive violence F. W. De Clerk reversed Botha’s policy and began the end to apartheid. Blacks, colored, and Indians voted for the first time By Mzoli Mncanca

20 1996- New constitution adopted 1999- second elections
1994- Nelson Mandela was elected President in the country’s first democratic elections. 1996- New constitution adopted 1999- second elections 2000 – Truth & Reconciliation Commission – amnesty for whites to tell their stories By Mzoli Mncanca

21 South Africa Today Although the legacy of apartheid still prevails in South Africa, the country has moved on considerably. SA´s economy increased by 5% in In 2010 SA is hosting the biggest tournament, the soccer world cup. By Mzoli Mncanca

22 Better life for all Elder people and children under 15 years get a support grant. Free Adult education Health facilities are free to all Basic services like water, electricity, telephone are rendered University education is available to many young people through government funding and other bursaries. By Mzoli Mncanca

23 Towards Free Education
In 2007, up to 40% of schools offered free education. By Mzoli Mncanca

24 National Nutrition Program
Feeds 1.6-million school children every day Nearly 2000 school gardens with government, local and NGO support By Mzoli Mncanca

25 But still more imbalances of the past need to be addressed to limit the gap between the rich and the poor. The gap By Mzoli Mncanca

26 Despite all the accomplishments, the victory over apartheid, the best constitution in the world, the 2010 soccer world cup, Nelson Mandela the global icon and the rest, One thing is evident: The is still a long way to go!! By Mzoli Mncanca

27 References Nelson Rolihahla Mandela. ANC African National Congress < Apartheid Images: accesses from jgp on Apartheid In South Africa accessed from on By Mzoli Mncanca

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