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Early Modern Art.

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Presentation on theme: "Early Modern Art."— Presentation transcript:

1 Early Modern Art

2 From Realism to Impressionism: Édouard Manet
Rejected by the Salon Manet becomes hero to nonconformist Greatly influenced Monet and others (He adopted the Impressionist approach about 1873) Impressionists emerge Le Dejeuner sur l’Herbe

3 From Realism to Impressionism
The Gleaners, 1857 The Barbizon School Realism w/o the “drama” of Romanticism

4 Impressionism concentration on the general impression produced by a scene or object the use of unmixed primary colors and small strokes to simulate actual reflected light. Principal Impressionist painters: Claude Monet Pierre Auguste Renoir Berthe Morisot soleil levant

5 Impressionism Water Lillies, 1903 Monet’s Tulip Fields

6 Impressionism Monet’s Port at Argenteuil
Two common Impressionist themes Leisure Industrial backdrop

7 Impressionism Renoir’s At the Concert

8 Impressionism Edgar Degas (below)
Paul Cézanne (right) also painted in an Impressionist style for a time in the early 1870s.

9 Themes in Early Modern Art
Uncertainty/insecurity. Disillusionment. The subconscious. Overt sexuality. Violence & savagery.

10 Edvard Munch: The Scream (1893)
Expressionism Using bright colors to express a particular emotion. art that raises subjective feelings above objective observations.

11 Franz Marc: Animal Destinies (1913)

12 Wassily Kandinsky: On White II (1923)

13 Gustav Klimt: Judith I (1901)
Vienna Secessionists Disrupt the conservative values of Viennese society. Obsessed with the self. Man is a sexual being, leaning toward despair. No “doctrine”: anything goes

14 Gustav Klimt: Wrogie sily (1901)

15 Gustav Klimt: The Kiss (1907-8)

16 Gustav Klimt: Danae (1907-8)

17 Gustav Klimt: Adele Bloch-Bauer I
Sold in 2006 $135,000,000!!

18 Henri Matisse: Carmelina (1903) FAUVE
The use of intense colors in a violent, and uncontrolled way. “Wild Beast.”

19 Henri Matisse: Open Window (1905)

20 Georges Braque: Violin & Candlestick (1910)
CUBISM The subject matter is broken down, analyzed, and reassembled in abstract form. Cezanne  The artist should treat nature in terms of the cylinder, the sphere, and the cone.

21 Georges Braque: Woman with a Guitar (1913)

22 Georges Braque: Still Life: LeJeur (1929)

23 Pablo Picasso: Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (1907)

24 Picasso: Studio with Plaster Head (1925)

25 Pablo Picasso: Woman with a Flower (1932)

26 Paul Klee: Red & White Domes (1914)

27 Paul Klee: Senecio (1922)

28 George Grosz Grey Day (1921) Dadaism
Ridiculed contemporary culture & traditional art forms. Nonsense, travesty, incongruity. The collapse during WW I of social and moral values. Nihilistic.

29 Dadaism The First Dada Manifesto (Hugo Ball) July 14, 1916.
1. Dada is international in perspective and seeks to bridge differences, 2. Dada is antagonistic toward established society in the modern avant-garde, Bohemian tradition of the épater-le-bourgeios (“to shock the middle class”) posture, and 3. Dada is a new tendency in art that seeks to change conventional attitudes and practices in aesthetics, society, and morality."

30 George Grosz: Daum Marries Her Pedantic Automaton George in May, 1920, John Heartfield is Very Glad of II ( )

31 The Pillars of Society (1926)
George Grosz The Pillars of Society (1926) Bourgeois Logic and Reason Led to Destruction

32 Raoul Hausmann: ABCD (1924-25)

33 Marcel Duchamp: Fountain (1917)

34 DuChamp’s Mona Lisa

35 Nude Descending a Staircase (1912)
Marcel Duchamp: Nude Descending a Staircase (1912)

36 Salvador Dali: Soft Construction with Boiled Beans (Premonition of Civil War), 1936
Surrealism Late 1920s-1940s. Came from the nihilistic genre of DaDa. Influenced by Freud’s theories on psychoanalysis and the subconscious. Confusing & startling images like those in dreams.

37 Salvador Dali: The Persistence of Memory (1931)

38 The Manifesto of Surrealism
Andre Breton, 1924 “based on the belief in the superior reality of certain forms of association hitherto neglected, in the omnipotence of the dream, and in the disinterested play of thought.”

39 Salvador Dali The Accommodation of Desire

40 The Apparition of the Face and Fruit Dish on a Beach (1938)
Salvador Dali The Apparition of the Face and Fruit Dish on a Beach (1938)

41 Salvador Dali: Geopoliticus Child Watching the Birth of a New Man (1943)

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