Presentation on theme: "From Realism to Impressionism: Édouard Manet –Rejected by the Salon –Manet becomes hero to nonconformist –Greatly influenced Monet and others (He adopted."— Presentation transcript:
From Realism to Impressionism: Édouard Manet –Rejected by the Salon –Manet becomes hero to nonconformist –Greatly influenced Monet and others (He adopted the Impressionist approach about 1873) –Impressionists emerge Le Dejeuner sur lHerbe
From Realism to Impressionism The Gleaners, 1857 The Barbizon School Realism w/o the drama of Romanticism
Impressionism –concentration on the general impression produced by a scene or object –the use of unmixed primary colors and small strokes to simulate actual reflected light. –Principal Impressionist painters: Claude Monet Pierre Auguste Renoir Berthe Morisot soleil levant
Impressionism Monets Tulip Fields Water Lillies, 1903
Impressionism Monets Port at Argenteuil –Two common Impressionist themes Leisure Industrial backdrop
Impressionism Renoirs At the Concert
Impressionism –Edgar Degas (below) –Paul Cézanne (right) also painted in an Impressionist style for a time in the early 1870s.
Themes in Early Modern Art 1.Uncertainty/insecurity. 2.Disillusionment. 3.The subconscious. 4.Overt sexuality. 5.Violence & savagery.
Edvard Munch: The Scream (1893) Expressionism Using bright colors to express a particular emotion. art that raises subjective feelings above objective observations.
Franz Marc: Animal Destinies (1913)
Wassily Kandinsky: On White II (1923)
Gustav Klimt: Judith I (1901) Vienna Secessionists Disrupt the conservative values of Viennese society. Obsessed with the self. Man is a sexual being, leaning toward despair. No doctrine: anything goes
Gustav Klimt: Wrogie sily (1901) Gustav Klimt: Wrogie sily (1901)
Gustav Klimt: The Kiss (1907-8)
Gustav Klimt: Danae (1907-8)
Gustav Klimt: Adele Bloch-Bauer I Sold in 2006 $135,000,000!!
Henri Matisse: Carmelina (1903) Henri Matisse: Carmelina (1903) FAUVE The use of intense colors in a violent, and uncontrolled way. Wild Beast.
Henri Matisse: Open Window (1905) Henri Matisse: Open Window (1905)
Georges Braque: Violin & Candlestick (1910) CUBISM The subject matter is broken down, analyzed, and reassembled in abstract form. Cezanne The artist should treat nature in terms of the cylinder, the sphere, and the cone.
Georges Braque: Woman with a Guitar (1913) Georges Braque: Woman with a Guitar (1913)
Georges Braque: Still Life: LeJeur (1929)
Pablo Picasso: Les Demoiselles dAvignon (1907)
Picasso: Studio with Plaster Head (1925)
Pablo Picasso: Woman with a Flower (1932) Pablo Picasso: Woman with a Flower (1932)
Paul Klee: Red & White Domes (1914)
Paul Klee: Senecio (1922)
George Grosz Grey Day (1921) George Grosz Grey Day (1921) Dadaism Ridiculed contemporary culture & traditional art forms. Nonsense, travesty, incongruity. The collapse during WW I of social and moral values. Nihilistic.
Dadaism The First Dada Manifesto (Hugo Ball) –July 14, –1. Dada is international in perspective and seeks to bridge differences, –2. Dada is antagonistic toward established society in the modern avant-garde, Bohemian tradition of the épater-le- bourgeios (to shock the middle class) posture, and –3. Dada is a new tendency in art that seeks to change conventional attitudes and practices in aesthetics, society, and morality."
George Grosz: Daum Marries Her Pedantic Automaton George in May, 1920, John Heartfield is Very Glad of II ( ) George Grosz: Daum Marries Her Pedantic Automaton George in May, 1920, John Heartfield is Very Glad of II ( )
George Grosz The Pillars of Society (1926) George Grosz The Pillars of Society (1926) Bourgeois Logic and Reason Led to Destruction
Raoul Hausmann: ABCD ( )
Marcel Duchamp: Fountain (1917)
DuChamps Mona Lisa
Marcel Duchamp: Nude Descending a Staircase (1912) Marcel Duchamp: Nude Descending a Staircase (1912)
Salvador Dali: Soft Construction with Boiled Beans (Premonition of Civil War), 1936 Surrealism Late 1920s-1940s. Came from the nihilistic genre of DaDa. Influenced by Freuds theories on psychoanalysis and the subconscious. Confusing & startling images like those in dreams.
Salvador Dali: The Persistence of Memory (1931)
The Manifesto of Surrealism Andre Breton, 1924 based on the belief in the superior reality of certain forms of association hitherto neglected, in the omnipotence of the dream, and in the disinterested play of thought.
Salvador Dali The Accommodation of Desire
Salvador Dali The Apparition of the Face and Fruit Dish on a Beach (1938)
Salvador Dali: Geopoliticus Child Watching the Birth of a New Man (1943)