2From Realism to Impressionism: Édouard Manet Rejected by the SalonManet becomes hero to nonconformistGreatly influenced Monet and others (He adopted the Impressionist approach about 1873)Impressionists emergeLe Dejeuner sur l’Herbe
3From Realism to Impressionism The Gleaners, 1857The Barbizon SchoolRealism w/o the “drama” of Romanticism
4Impressionismconcentration on the general impression produced by a scene or objectthe use of unmixed primary colors and small strokes to simulate actual reflected light.Principal Impressionist painters:Claude MonetPierre Auguste RenoirBerthe Morisotsoleil levant
13Gustav Klimt: Judith I (1901) Vienna SecessionistsDisrupt the conservative values of Viennese society.Obsessed with the self.Man is a sexual being, leaning toward despair.No “doctrine”: anything goes
20Georges Braque: Violin & Candlestick (1910) CUBISMThe subject matter is broken down, analyzed, and reassembled in abstract form.Cezanne The artist should treat nature in terms of the cylinder, the sphere, and the cone.
28George Grosz Grey Day (1921) Dadaism Ridiculed contemporary culture & traditional art forms.Nonsense, travesty, incongruity.The collapse during WW I of social and moral values.Nihilistic.
29Dadaism The First Dada Manifesto (Hugo Ball) July 14, 1916. 1. Dada is international in perspective and seeks to bridge differences,2. Dada is antagonistic toward established society in the modern avant-garde, Bohemian tradition of the épater-le-bourgeios (“to shock the middle class”) posture, and3. Dada is a new tendency in art that seeks to change conventional attitudes and practices in aesthetics, society, and morality."
30George Grosz:Daum Marries Her Pedantic Automaton George in May, 1920, John Heartfield is Very Glad of II ( )
31The Pillars of Society (1926) George GroszThe Pillars of Society (1926)Bourgeois Logic and Reason Led to Destruction
35Nude Descending a Staircase (1912) Marcel Duchamp:Nude Descending a Staircase (1912)
36Salvador Dali: Soft Construction with Boiled Beans (Premonition of Civil War), 1936 SurrealismLate 1920s-1940s.Came from the nihilistic genre of DaDa.Influenced by Freud’s theories on psychoanalysis and the subconscious.Confusing & startling images like those in dreams.
38The Manifesto of Surrealism Andre Breton, 1924“based on the belief in the superior reality of certain forms of association hitherto neglected, in the omnipotence of the dream, and in the disinterested play of thought.”