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The Great War Chapter 29. I. Road to World War Nationalism Positive effect = unity within a country Positive effect = unity within a country Negative.

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Presentation on theme: "The Great War Chapter 29. I. Road to World War Nationalism Positive effect = unity within a country Positive effect = unity within a country Negative."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Great War Chapter 29

2 I. Road to World War Nationalism Positive effect = unity within a country Positive effect = unity within a country Negative effect = competition with other nations Negative effect = competition with other nations Europes Great Powers- France, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Great Britain, Russia, and Italy were rivalsEuropes Great Powers- France, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Great Britain, Russia, and Italy were rivals

3 Imperialism Imperialism The competition for over-seas colonies led to mistrust and competition and near warThe competition for over-seas colonies led to mistrust and competition and near war Militarism- the policy of having a large, strong army that was prepared for war by being able to quickly mobilized Militarism- the policy of having a large, strong army that was prepared for war by being able to quickly mobilized European Arms Race- belief that to be truly great you had to have a large militaryEuropean Arms Race- belief that to be truly great you had to have a large military Made citizens feel patriotic and foreigners frightenedMade citizens feel patriotic and foreigners frightened

4 Alliances Designed to help keep peace in Europe, but would push everyone into war Designed to help keep peace in Europe, but would push everyone into war Triple Alliance (Bismarck)= Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy (Goal to unify against future French aggression) Triple Alliance (Bismarck)= Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy (Goal to unify against future French aggression) They also signed a treaty with Russia They also signed a treaty with Russia

5 II. Kaiser Wilhelm II Built a strong German army; Built a strong German army; forced Bismarck to resign Allowed the treaty with Russia to lapse. Allowed the treaty with Russia to lapse. Russia aligned with France out of fearRussia aligned with France out of fear wanted a powerful navy (better than Britain's) wanted a powerful navy (better than Britain's) Britain aligned through an agreement (entente) with France in 1907 that they would not fight each other, then signed one with RussiaBritain aligned through an agreement (entente) with France in 1907 that they would not fight each other, then signed one with Russia

6 Two Sets of Alliances Triple Alliance GermanyAustria-HungaryItaly Triple Entente EnglandFranceRussia Some of these had additional alliances with other nations that eventually bound them together…Example: Russia with Serbia

7 The Balkans Eastern Europe; former parts of the Ottoman Empire that had gained independence Eastern Europe; former parts of the Ottoman Empire that had gained independence Problem- Slavic people were spread throughout the region Problem- Slavic people were spread throughout the region Serbians sought to join all Slavic people into one nation (Russia supported) Serbians sought to join all Slavic people into one nation (Russia supported) Austria-Hungary held lots of land made of Slavs and Serbia wanted it!!! Austria-Hungary held lots of land made of Slavs and Serbia wanted it!!! Both vowed to fight if necessary! Both vowed to fight if necessary!

8 The shot…. Serbians in Bosnia wanted the Austro- Hungarians out Serbians in Bosnia wanted the Austro- Hungarians out June 28, Heir to the throne (Archduke Franz Ferdinand) and his wife visited the capital June 28, Heir to the throne (Archduke Franz Ferdinand) and his wife visited the capital A 19 year old, Serbian member of the Black Hand group shot & killed them A 19 year old, Serbian member of the Black Hand group shot & killed them

9 Austria blamed Serbia & sent them demands to avoid war Austria blamed Serbia & sent them demands to avoid war Serbia accepted most, but Austria- Hungary still declared war Serbia accepted most, but Austria- Hungary still declared war Because of their alliance, Russia declared war on Austria-Hungary Because of their alliance, Russia declared war on Austria-Hungary

10 Chapter 29 Sections 3 & 4 A Global Conflict

11 Review from Yesterday Causes Causes MilitarismMilitarism Alliance SystemAlliance System Nationalism Nationalism Assassination of Archduke FerdinandAssassination of Archduke Ferdinand Sides Sides Allies: Great Britain, France, RussiaAllies: Great Britain, France, Russia Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, GermanyCentral Powers: Austria-Hungary, Germany

12 How WWI Affected the World During the middle of the war things really started to slow down (stalemate) During the middle of the war things really started to slow down (stalemate) Those major countries (who had been fighting from the beginning) were looking for other countries to join in the fight to tip the balances. Those major countries (who had been fighting from the beginning) were looking for other countries to join in the fight to tip the balances. The war spread from Europe The war spread from Europe Gallipoli Campaign – a fight in the DardanellesGallipoli Campaign – a fight in the Dardanelles Battles in Asia and AfricaBattles in Asia and Africa America joins the fightAmerica joins the fight

13 America enters WWI When – 1917 When – 1917 Why – Why – Unrestricted Submarine WarfareUnrestricted Submarine Warfare Definition: sinking all ships in the Atlantic w/o warning the ships. Definition: sinking all ships in the Atlantic w/o warning the ships. Lusitainia and the Sussex Lusitainia and the Sussex Zimmerman NoteZimmerman Note Telegram being sent by the Germans to the Mexicans that was intercepted by the British Telegram being sent by the Germans to the Mexicans that was intercepted by the British Contents: If you attack America, we will help you get territory Contents: If you attack America, we will help you get territory Results – Tips the balance of the war Results – Tips the balance of the war

14 How WWI Affected those left at Home Because this conflict involved so many countries and lasted so much longer than it was first thought a new mentality was used on the home-front: Total War Because this conflict involved so many countries and lasted so much longer than it was first thought a new mentality was used on the home-front: Total War Total War: when a country devotes ALL of its resources to winning the war Total War: when a country devotes ALL of its resources to winning the war Factories made war supplies, not consumer itemsFactories made war supplies, not consumer items All people became employed at somethingAll people became employed at something Rationing – buy and use only small amounts of the certain itemsRationing – buy and use only small amounts of the certain items Meatless Mondays / Wheatless Wednesdays Meatless Mondays / Wheatless Wednesdays

15 World War I Concludes The War began to draw to a close The War began to draw to a close WhyWhy USA joined the fight (Remember – tipped the scales) USA joined the fight (Remember – tipped the scales) Russia jumped out of WW I early Russia jumped out of WW I early Russian Revolution (1917)Russian Revolution (1917) MASSIVE loss of lifeMASSIVE loss of life Treaty of Brest-LitovskTreaty of Brest-Litovsk Communism takes controlCommunism takes control German people were tired of fighting German people were tired of fighting Ending Date – November 1918 Ending Date – November 1918

16 Stats of WWI

17 Treaty of Versailles: A Flawed Peace A peace conference was set to take place in Versailles France (not far from Paris) A peace conference was set to take place in Versailles France (not far from Paris) There were 4 major countries who were involved in this meeting: There were 4 major countries who were involved in this meeting: Woodrow Wilson, USAWoodrow Wilson, USA David Lloyd George, Great BritainDavid Lloyd George, Great Britain Georges Clemenceau, FranceGeorges Clemenceau, France Vittorio Orlando, ItalyVittorio Orlando, Italy

18 Treaty of Versailles: A Flawed Peace Major Provisions Major Provisions 1)League of Nations – peace organization, Germany excluded 2)Territorial Losses – Germany loses all of its overseas territories, and land gained during the war 3)Military Restrictions – Germany was limited in the size of army, navy, and air forces that they could maintain. 4)War Guilt – Germany had to assume TOTAL guilt for causing the war, and was forced to pay $33 billion in war debt over the next 30 years.* (*Hitler would refer to this when he gained power in the coming years)

19 Propaganda: Propaganda: Information spread To advance a cause Or to damage an Opponents cause.

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