Presentation on theme: "One Point Perspective By Paula Sadler"— Presentation transcript:
1 One Point Perspective By Paula Sadler All the elements of one-point perspective are concretely realized in this engraving by Albrecht Dürer. The paper on which the picture is to be drawn swings out of the way. The string, kept taut by a weight, is led from the hook (the eye of the ideal observer) to a point on the object being portrayed. Presumably a vertical and a horizontal thread are slid so as to record the point at which the string crosses the picture plane. Then the string is relaxed, the drawing swings back, and that point is marked on the paper. This image (itself drawn in one-point perspective) gives a visual explanation of the principle and should not, I believe, be interpreted as a snapshot of an actual procedure.By Paula Sadler
2 what are we learning? A brief history of one point perspective VocabularyHorizon lineVanishing pointVertical, horizontal, and orthogonal linesHow to start creating a drawing with one point perspectiveFinal project – Futuristic Cityscape
3 The first signs of One Point Perspective Florentine sculptor and architect,Fillipo Brunelleschi, wasthe first architect touse mathematicalperspective in creatingdesigns for buildings duringthe early Renaissance.
4 History (cont.) Before one point perspective, artists had to guess where the lines ofbuildings would go in theirdrawings. These drawingstended to look skewedand awkward.
5 ExamplesBefore one point perspective, this image of Saint Florus on the left shows the figures in an awkward pose. It’s almost as if they are about to fall out of their seats.The image on the right, created by the artist Pieter de Hooch is very grounded. It looks like you can walk right through the door.BeforeAfter
6 VocabularyHorizon line: where the sky meets the ground, a horizontal lineVanishing point: the place where all lines meet or “vanish,” it is located on the horizon line
7 Vocabulary (cont.)Horizontal line: a line that goes left to right, it is parallel to the horizon lineVertical line: a line that goes up and down, it is perpendicular to the horizon lineOrthogonal line: lines that create the sides of an object in one point perspective, these lines are drawn to the vanishing point
8 LET’S GET STARTED! Draw a horizon line across your paper Put the vanishing point on the horizon line
9 Draw a square or rectangle on the left side of your paper below the horizon line
10 Create the orthogonal lines by connecting three corners of your square or rectangle to the vanishing point
11 Draw a horizontal line to create the top of your form
12 Draw a vertical line to create the side of your form
14 Now for windows and doors! The windows and doors on the front of the building are made with horizontal and vertical linesThe windows and doors on the side of the building will be made with vertical and orthogonal lines
15 Draw a window and door on the front of your building by using only vertical and horizontal lines.
16 Draw a door on the side of your building by first drawing a vertical line and connecting the top of it to the vanishing point.
17 End the door with another vertical line and erase the remaining orthogonal line.
18 Add a window the same way Add a window the same way. Start with a vertical line and now connect the top AND bottom to the vanishing point.
19 End it with a vertical line and erase the remaining orthogonal lines.
20 Start drawing more buildings down the side of your street!