Presentation on theme: "Australian Aboriginal Art"— Presentation transcript:
1Australian Aboriginal Art Has anyone studied Aboriginal Art before?What can we learn about a culture by studying the art they create? (Way of life, History, Value, Beliefs)
2Who are the Aborigines? Aborigine means “native” Original people of AustraliaTraveled in canoes from SE AsiaLived there at least 40,000 years as the only peopleDeveloped unique beliefs about creationSurvived as hunters and observersMany died from disease or starved when their land was taken from them by the Europeans in the 1770sThe term Aborigines was given to the original people of Australia by the British, but they prefer to be called by their individual clan names.
3What is Aboriginal Art? Last traditional art form to be appreciated To understand Aboriginal Art we first need to learn about DreamtimeDreamtime refers to their beliefs of how the land and its people were createdBelieved supernatural beings with magical powers created the land’s features, animals and plants during dreamtimeArt is a way to stay in touch with their ancestry and be a part of the natural world
4Dreamtime Stories Passed down through generations by word of mouth Artworks depict deep meaning told through dreamtime storiesBasis of value and belief system, affects their interaction with the land and animalsLand is sacred because it contains their heritage, history, and powerful ancestors or spiritsBelief in safeguarding the land sometimes clashes with construction projects that would change the landscape (Uluru or Ayers Rock, bottom right, is the rock ancestors pushed up out of the Earth when they rose to create animals and landscape
5In Aboriginal culture everyone is an artist because everyone participates in activities such as dancing, singing, body decoration, sand drawing and weaving baskets.
6How did Aboriginals create art? Unique subject matter and styleKnown for their rock paintings, bark paintings, sand (or dot paintings), and body decorationBrushes made from bark, plant fibers, twigs, hair or feathersAlso used fingers or sticks to paintUsed natural ochers (minerals) or clay to make red, yellow, and white paintBlack was made from charcoalShow students natural ocher from Georgia and pass around
7Aboriginal Rock ArtLongest continuously practiced artistic tradition in the world.Ubirr, located in North Australia, has very impressive rock paintings.What do you see in this rock painting? What else do you see? What do you think the overlapping of images means? Images have been painted in the earliest periods and repainted over and over even into modern times.
8"One old man in Arnhem Land remembered being carried as a child on his father's shoulders as his father climbed up a log leaning against a rock wall. His father then sprayed his hand with red ochre against the rock, leaving a stencil he could still recognize many years later. The main function of the stencils was to record people's presence and association with a site."
9How are these two paintings similar? How are they different? What do you see that makes you say that? Art is a very important part of religious life and maintaining tradition, still practiced. Gives them pride and is a way to make living.
10Bark Painting Tradition for thousands of years Bark is cut into a rectangle, after the wet season, when it’s softPlaced on warm coals, pressed flat with weights and sticks tied to both ends with stringPainted with natural pigments mixed with a natural fixative: sticky gum from treesStyle is similar to rock paintings and illustrates storiesPainted on bark for ceremonies, burials, and everyday objects such as baskets and belts
11Dot Painting Traditional dot paintings were made in sand Contemporary dot paintings are on canvas with acrylic paintDepict a story using Aboriginal symbolsWhen you understand the symbols it gives a whole new meaning to a dot paintingWhat do you think the concentric circles represent?
12Aboriginals used symbols to represent natural surroundings. They are shown as tracks left in the ground and look like they are seen from a plane.Represent recent tracks left by animals or tracks made in the past by ancestors.Students will receive a handout of these symbolsThunder & Lightening
13Goanna (lizard) dragging tail, footprints on side Footprints Kangaroo tracks & tailEmuGoanna (lizard) dragging tail, footprints on sideFootprintsConcentric circles can represent a water hole, campsite, fire, meeting place, stoneWomen’s CeremonySnakesFrogs (black)Water holes (blue)Men Hunting
142nd Grade Objectives:Learn how dreamtime beliefs and the Australian landscape inspired the creation of Aboriginal artwork.Create an interesting way to use your space through size, placement, overlapping, use of a border or background.Illustrate movement using the technique of Aboriginal dot painting.Discuss the purpose of art in Aboriginal culture.Use during Intro. Of Aboriginal Art (2nd grade) What kinds of animals are depicted in these paintings? How are these paintings made? Which painting(s) are the strongest? Why?
16X-Ray Style Painting Developed around 2000 B.C. Found in shallow caves or rock shelters particularly in Western and Northern AustraliaSimple exterior animal shapes that depict internal organs, bone structure (ribs, back bone), or baby animal insideCreated by painting the animal’s silhouette in white and using red or yellow for the insideContemporary artists continue to paint in X-Ray tradition
173rd Grade Objectives:Draw an Aboriginal animal of your choice in the X-Ray style using anatomy resources.Vary the value (lightness and darkness) of at least one color when you paint your X-Ray drawing.Create an area of emphasis (center or focus) in your artwork using size, color, and line.Associate which artworks from the Aboriginal culture were done in the X-Ray style.Use during Intro. Of Aboriginal Art to 3rd grade
19Body Decoration Traditional practice for ceremonies Includes scarring, smeared clay or ochres on face, wearing ornaments and headdressDeep spiritual significanceGeometric designsUse respected patterns of an ancestor to take on their living appearanceDesigns may also reflect their role in the family or important role in their communityScarring creates raised pigmented patterns on the skin to mark age or becoming an important member in the community. Scarring is rarely practiced but body decoration remains an important part of their culture
20Student Objectives for 4th Grade: Produce an exaggerated close-up portrait of yourself inspired by the tradition of body painting.Discuss how Aboriginal art reflects the relationship between artists and their beliefs and values.Analyze how Aboriginal art serves a function (or purpose) in their culture.Student Examples:Use during Intro of Aboriginal Art (4th grade). Each one is drawn and painted differently. What do you notice about these faces? (exaggeration, close-up of face, bright colors) What kinds of line are in these faces? What kinds of colors are used?
21Today’s Objectives: Student Examples: Dip and dot for rich color Dot over the entire work, space dots clear and consistentPaint black areas for the eye to restEach line or shape should have only one color, unless it’s a patternTry to keep colors balanced and expressiveStudent Examples:Have running on 4th grade painting days
22What medium is this an example of? What symbol do you see? What do you think it represents?How is this artwork related to the building behind it?In an effort to bring Australian peoples closer the Australian government had an Aborigine artist Michael Tjakamarra Nelson design this mosaic in front of the new parliament building
23Resources:Carol, Finley. Aboriginal Art of Australia. Lerner Publications Company, Minneapolis: 1999.Petersen, David. Australia. Children’s Press, New York: 1998.