Presentation on theme: "Urbanization. Human Societies Three types: Hunter-gatherer – nomads that hunt and gather naturally growing food Agricultural – grows crops and stays in."— Presentation transcript:
Human Societies Three types: Hunter-gatherer – nomads that hunt and gather naturally growing food Agricultural – grows crops and stays in one place Industrial – produces food and other products using machines – requires large amounts of energy and resources
Hunter - Gatherer Nomads – “travelers” move around to where food can be found Gather naturally growing plants and hunt for whatever animals they can find Small populations Very small impact on the environment Still exist in remote areas
Agricultural 10-20,000 years ago people in Southeast Asia and Africa began to farm Planted crops and raised animals for food Caused 2 main changes: 1. People started to settle in one place 2. Find work within their society
Agricultural cont... Most important invention was the plow Helped produce more food and plant more What do you think more food meant? Population grew! Modern agriculture caused some problems: Use of more land and chemical use Soil depletion (erosion) Water contamination Food contamination
Industrial Society Another population surge in the 1700s: AKA Industrial Revolution. Production of food was done by machine, not man Machines need more energy Major environmental damage from the machines
Industrial Positives: Improved crops Medical discoveries – people lived longer and reproduced more Negatives: More energy use (fossil fuels) Natural resource depletion Increases population Air, land and water pollution
Urbanization Urbanization – people moved to cities for work More factories meant more jobs City populations were doubling in size every 15 years Water systems couldn’t handle it Land was being used to build on, so it became less arable (useable for farming)
Old Way of Thinking… Frontier Ethic- USE AND ABUSE MATERIALS Resources are unlimited. We will NEVER run out of anything. Humans do NOT need to obey laws. We were not held responsible for our actions. People only lived for the moment… they did not think for future generations.
New and BETTER Way of thinking SUSTAINABILITY Resources are NOT unlimited and CAN NOT be used faster than they can be renewed, BUT the sad reality is that humans are depleting resources much too fast. OBEY LAWS! Successful societies concentrate on using conservation and RENEWABLE resources.
Current fertility rates put us at the medium growth rate; 9 billion by 2050
Before you go: Reflect on/ interpret this picture. What does this mean to you?