Presentation on theme: "Deploying and Maintaining Server Images"— Presentation transcript:
1 Deploying and Maintaining Server Images 20411B1: Deploying and Maintaining Server ImagesIntroduce how to create and manage server images by using Windows® Deployment Services.Presentation: 60 minutesLab: 60 minutesAfter completing this module, students will be able to:Describe the important features and functionality of Windows Deployment Services.Configure Windows Deployment Services in Windows Server® 2012.Perform deployments with Windows Deployment Services.Required materialsTo teach this module, you need the Microsoft® Office PowerPoint® file 20411B_01.pptx.Important: We recommend that you use Microsoft Office PowerPoint 2007 or a newer version to display the slides for this course. If you use PowerPoint Viewer or an earlier version of Office PowerPoint, all the features of the slides might not display correctly.Preparation tasksTo prepare for this module:Read all of the materials for this module.Practice performing the demonstrations.Practice performing the labs.Work through the Module Review and Takeaways section, and determine how you will use this section to reinforce student learning and promote knowledge transfer to on-the-job performance.As you prepare for this class, it is imperative that you complete the labs yourself so that you understand how they work and the concepts that are covered in each. This will allow you to provide meaningful hints to students who may get stuck in a lab, and it also will help guide your lecture to ensure that you cover the concepts that the labs cover.Module 1Deploying and Maintaining Server Images
2 Administering Windows Deployment Services 20411BModule Overview1: Deploying and Maintaining Server ImagesAdministering Windows Deployment ServicesBriefly describe the module content.
3 Lesson 1: Overview of Windows Deployment Services 20411BLesson 1: Overview of Windows Deployment Services1: Deploying and Maintaining Server ImagesDiscussion: How to Use Windows Deployment ServicesBriefly describe the lesson content.
4 What Is Windows Deployment Services? 20411BWhat Is Windows Deployment Services?1: Deploying and Maintaining Server ImagesWindows Deployment Services is a server role that is provided with Windows Server 2012Windows Deployment Services:Enables you to perform network-based installationsSimplifies the deployment processSupports deployment to computers with no operating systemProvides end-to-end operating system deploymentUses existing technologies, such as Windows PE, .wim and .vhd files, and image-based deploymentEnsure that you identify the supported Windows® operating systems to students. Additionally, it is important that you introduce the concept of operating system architecture with components. Advantages of this are the ability to deploy language packs as components of base images without the need to create multiple images.
5 Windows Deployment Services Components 20411BWindows Deployment Services Components1: Deploying and Maintaining Server ImagesWindows Deployment Services provides several functions through these components:Windows Deployment Services PXE ServerWindows Deployment Services ClientAdditional Server ComponentsTFTP serverShared folderImage repositoryMulticasting EngineIn this topic, you should describe the functions of Windows Deployment Services components without going into too much detail about how each of the components works.QuestionWhat is the advantage of multicasting as opposed to unicasting in volume deployment scenarios?AnswerWith multicasting, network traffic is managed more effectively.
6 Why Use Windows Deployment Services? 20411BWhy Use Windows Deployment Services?1: Deploying and Maintaining Server ImagesConsider the following scenarios:In a small network consisting of a single server and around 25 Windows XP computers, you want to expedite the upgrade process of the client computers to Windows 8A medium-sized organization wants to deploy multiple servers in branch offices that are geographically dispersed. It would be time- consuming and expensive to send experienced IT staff to each location to deploy the serversUse this topic to explain why you would use Windows Deployment Services. Two scenarios are provided for a small network and a medium to large-sized network. Have the students consider how Windows Deployment Services might help with the deployment process. Then go through each in detail. At the end of the topic, students should be aware that Windows Deployment Services can use answer files, and then custom naming and automatic domain-join can be enabled. They will also be familiar with various image types and the high-level steps involved in manipulating them. Emphasize that in later lessons, they explore more in-depth these high-level steps.
7 Discussion: How to Use Windows Deployment Services 20411BDiscussion: How to Use Windows Deployment Services1: Deploying and Maintaining Server ImagesHow should you configure Windows Deployment Services?Use the questions in this topic to initiate scenarios where Windows Deployment Services would improve Windows operating systems deployments.QuestionThe A. Datum Corporation IT staff is about to deploy Windows Server 2012 to various branch offices. The following information has been provided to the IT staff by management:The configuration of the various branch office servers is expected to be fairly consistent.There is no requirement to upgrade settings from existing servers, as these are new branch offices with no current IT infrastructure in place.Automation of the deployment process is important, as there are many servers to deploy.How would you use Windows Deployment Services to aid deployment?AnswerAnswers may vary, but important points to consider are to:Use answer files to automate the image selection process during deployment.Use answer files to automate the responses during setup, including domain-joining.Create a custom image using the steps provided in the preceding topic.Capture the image and upload to Windows Deployment Services.Configure Windows Deployment Services to use custom naming.Configure PXE Server to respond to client requests automatically, and start deployment without the installer having to press F12 to commence the deployment.(More notes on the next slide)
8 1: Deploying and Maintaining Server Images 20411B1: Deploying and Maintaining Server ImagesQuestionA. Datum Corporation wants to deploy several dozen new servers in their head offices. These servers will be installed with Windows Server The following information has been provided to the IT staff by management.The configuration of the various servers is expected to vary slightly; there are two basic server configurations: full server, and Server Core.Managing network traffic is critical, as the network is near capacity.How would you advise staff at A. Datum to proceed with the deployment?AnswerAnswers might vary, but points to consider should include:Create two custom images, and capture them to the Windows Deployment Services server.Configure multicast transmission on the Windows Deployment Services server(s) to enable efficient use of the network bandwidth.
9 Lesson 2: Implementing Deployment with Windows Deployment Services 20411BLesson 2: Implementing Deployment with Windows Deployment Services1: Deploying and Maintaining Server ImagesManaging Deployments with Windows Deployment Services
10 Understanding Windows Deployment Services Components 20411BUnderstanding Windows Deployment Services Components1: Deploying and Maintaining Server ImagesWindows Deployment Services prerequisites include:AD DSDHCPDNSNTFS volumeUse Windows Automated Deployment Tool Kit to create answer files for automated deploymentStep through the requirements for Windows Deployment Services. Emphasize the benefits of a high- performance, separate physical disk for images. This disk should be a high performance disk, or a redundant array of independent disks (RAID) 5 or RAID10 array for larger deployment environments.
11 Installing and Configuring Windows Deployment Services 20411BInstalling and Configuring Windows Deployment Services1: Deploying and Maintaining Server ImagesInstall and configure Windows Deployment Services by:Installing the Windows Deployment Services server roleInstall the Deployment Server or Transport Server role servicePerform post-installation configuration of Windows Deployment Services by:Specifying an image store locationConfiguring the DHCP server options, if requiredConfiguring PXE server configurationTake students through the process of installing and configuring Windows Deployment Services.
12 Managing Deployments with Windows Deployment Services 20411BManaging Deployments with Windows Deployment Services1: Deploying and Maintaining Server ImagesTo service client computers with Windows Deployment Services, you must:Configure boot settingsConfigure install settingsConfigure transmission settingsConfigure driversProvide a high-level overview of the tasks that must be performed to prepare Windows Deployment Services to service a client computer.QuestionWhat is the advantage of defining a client naming policy?AnswerFor unknown clients, a client naming policy saves the administrator from having to remember previously allocated computer names during the deployment process.
13 Lesson 3: Administering Windows Deployment Services 20411BLesson 3: Administering Windows Deployment Services1: Deploying and Maintaining Server ImagesDemonstration: How to Configure Multicast TransmissionBriefly describe the lesson content.
14 Common Administration Tasks 20411BCommon Administration Tasks1: Deploying and Maintaining Server ImagesThere are several common administrative tasks and tools for Windows Deployment ServicesDescribe each of the common tasks. You will be demonstrating most of these during the next few topics.TasksConfigure DHCPCreate and service imagesManage the boot menuPrestage client computersAutomate deploymentConfigure transmissionToolsWindows Deployment Services consoleWDSUtil.exeDism.exeSysprep.exeImageX.exeWindows SIM
15 Demonstration: How to Administer Images 20411BDemonstration: How to Administer Images1: Deploying and Maintaining Server ImagesIn this demonstration, you will see how to administer imagesPreparation StepsThis demonstration requires the 20411B-LON-DC1 and 20411B-LON-SVR1 virtual machines. Log on to LON-SVR1 as Adatum\Administrator with the password Pa$$w0rd. You also must have the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) file from C:\Program Files\Microsoft Learning\20411\Drives\Windows2012_RTM.iso mounted to the virtual DVD Drive on 20411B-LON- SVR1.Demonstration StepsInstall and configure the Windows Deployment Services roleSwitch to the LON-SVR1 computer.In Server Manager, click Manage, and then click Add Roles and Features.In the Add Roles and Features Wizard window, click Next.On the Select installation type page, click Next.On the Select destination server page, click Next.On the Select server roles page, select the Windows Deployment Services check box.In the Add Roles and Features Wizard window, click Add Features.On the Select server roles page, select click Next.On the Select features page, click Next.On the WDS page, review the information presented, and then click Next.On the Select role services page, click Next.On the Confirm installation selections page, click Install.On the Installation Results page, click Close.In Server Manager, click Tools, and then click Windows Deployment Services.(More notes on the next slide)
16 1: Deploying and Maintaining Server Images 20411B1: Deploying and Maintaining Server ImagesIn the Windows Deployment Services console, expand Servers.Right-click LON-SVR1.Adatum.com, and then click Configure Server. Click Next.On the Install Options page, click Next.On the Remote Installation Folder Location page, click Next.In the System Volume Warning dialog box, click Yes.On the PXE Server Initial Settings page, click Respond to all client computers (known and unknown), and then click Next.On the Operation Complete page, clear the Add images to the server now check box, and then click Finish.Add a boot imageIn Windows Deployment Services, in the console tree, expand LON-SVR1.Adatum.com.Right-click Boot Images, and then click Add Boot Image.In the Add Image Wizard, on the Image File page, click Browse.In the Select Windows Image File dialog box, in the navigation pane, click Computer, double click DVD Drive (D:), double-click sources, and then double click boot.wim.On the Image File page, click Next.On the Image Metadata page, click Next.On the Summary page, click Next.On the Task Progress page, click Finish.(More notes on the next slide)
17 1: Deploying and Maintaining Server Images 20411B1: Deploying and Maintaining Server ImagesAdd an install imageIn the Windows Deployment Services console, right-click Install Images, and then click Add Image Group.In the Add Image Group dialog box, in the Enter a name for the image group field, type Windows Server 2012, and then click OK.In the Windows Deployment Services console, right-click Windows Server 2012, and then click Add Install Image.In the Add Image Wizard, on the Image File page, click Browse.In the File name text box, type D:\sources\install.wim, and then click Open.On the Image File page, click Next.On the Available Images page, clear all check boxes except Windows Server SERVERSTANDARDCORE, and then click Next.On the Summary page, click Next.On the Task Progress page, click Finish.Minimize the Windows Deployment Services window.
18 Automating Deployments 20411BAutomating Deployments1: Deploying and Maintaining Server ImagesTo automate the Windows Setup process:Create the Unattend.xml fileCopy the file to the Windows Deployment Services serverView the properties of the appropriate install imageEnable unattended mode and select the answer file
19 Demonstration: How to Configure Multicast Transmission 20411BDemonstration: How to Configure Multicast Transmission1: Deploying and Maintaining Server ImagesIn this demonstration, you will see how to configure multicast transmissionPreparation StepsThis demonstration requires the 20411B-LON-DC1 and 20411B-LON-SVR1 virtual machines. Log on to LON-SVR1 as Adatum\Administrator with the password Pa$$w0rd.Demonstration StepsOn LON-SVR1, in Windows Deployment Services, in the console tree, right-click Multicast Transmissions, and then click Create Multicast Transmission.In the Create Multicast Transmission Wizard, on the Transmission Name page, in the Type a name for this transmission field, type Windows Server 2012 Branch Servers, and then click Next.On the Image Selection page, in the Select the image group that contains the image list, click Windows Server 2012.In the Name list, click Windows Server 2012 SERVERSTANDARDCORE, and then click Next.On the Multicast Type page, verify that Auto-Cast is selected, and then click Next.Click Finish.
20 Lab: Using Windows Deployment Services to Deploy Windows Server 2012 1: Deploying and Maintaining Server ImagesExercise 4: Deploying Images with Windows Deployment ServicesExercise 1: Installing and Configuring Windows Deployment ServicesTo assist with the process of configuring Windows Deployment Services, you have been sent an with the appropriate configuration information.Branch Office Deployment GuideRequirements OverviewTo configure Microsoft Windows Deployment Services to aid in the deployment of branch office servers.Additional InformationDeployment method: Automated standard image deployments Configuration information:LON-SVR1 is to be used to host Windows Deployment Services.Configure multicast transmission to use Autocast.Configure automatic naming to identify branch servers.Place branch servers in the Research organizational unit (OU).Operating system should be Windows Server 2012 Enterprise Edition.A Server Core installation should be performed.The main tasks in this exercise are:Read the supporting documentation.Install the Windows Deployment Services role.Configure Windows Deployment Services.Logon InformationVirtual machines: B-LON-DC120411B-LON-SVR120411B-LON-SVR3User name: Adatum\AdministratorPassword: Pa$$w0rdEstimated Time: 75 minutes(More notes on the next slide)
21 1: Deploying and Maintaining Server Images 20411B1: Deploying and Maintaining Server ImagesExercise 2: Creating Operating System Images with Windows Deployment ServicesWindows Deployment Services is installed and configured successfully. You now must create various operating-system images to aid deployment.The main tasks in this exercise are:Insert the Windows Server 2012 installation media in LON-SVR1.Add a boot image.Add an install image.Exercise 3: Configuring Custom Computer NamingTo automate computer naming, you must configure the custom naming properties for Windows Deployment Services as per the document that was sent to you. This also involves configuring delegation on the Active Directory OU that will contain the computer accounts. Administrator approval is required, so you must also configure that.Configure automatic naming.Configure Administrator approval.Configure AD DS permissions.Exercise 4: Deploying Images with Windows Deployment ServicesYou have provided instructions for a branch supervisor to initiate the installation process on the branch office server computer. The installation now will occur.Configure a Windows Deployment Services server for multicast transmission.Configure the client for Pre-Boot Execution Environment () Booting.
22 20411BLab Scenario1: Deploying and Maintaining Server ImagesA. Datum Corporation is a global engineering and manufacturing company with its head office in London, U.K.. An IT office and data center are in London to support the head office and other branch locations. A. Datum has recently deployed a Windows Server 2012 server and client infrastructure.A. Datum is deploying servers to branch offices throughout the region for the Research department. You have been tasked with helping to automate this deployment. You suggest using Windows Deployment Services to deploy Windows Server to the branch offices. You have been sent some instructions by regarding the deployment. You must read these instructions, and then install and configure Windows Deployment Services to support the deployment.
23 20411BReview Questions1: Deploying and Maintaining Server ImagesWindows Deployment Services supports two types of multicast transmission. Which type is suitable for minimizing total network traffic during deployment to a fixed number of clients?How is Windows ADK useful with Windows Deployment Services deployments?What steps are necessary to automate the end-to- end deployment process?
24 Module Review and Takeaways 20411BModule Review and Takeaways1: Deploying and Maintaining Server ImagesToolsReview QuestionsQuestionWindows Deployment Services supports two types of multicast transmission. Which type is suitable for minimizing total network traffic during deployment to a fixed number of clients?AnswerThe configuration of scheduled-cast is such that it waits for a threshold number of clients before starting and deploying simultaneously, which makes it better for a fixed number of clients. This is especially true if deployment occurs at different times for different computers. Autocast loops around while client computers are connected. If clients do not connect simultaneously, the Windows Deployment Services server transmits the image multiple times. This may consume large amounts of network bandwidth.How is Windows ADK useful with Windows Deployment Services deployments?Windows ADK provides tools, such as ImageX.exe, Sysprep.exe, and Windows SIM that enable you to manage images for use by Windows Deployment Services. For example, you can use Windows SIM to create and configure answer files to automate Windows Deployment Services deployments. You also can use Sysprep to generalize a capture image for Windows Deployment Services. Additionally, Windows ADK provides a number of Windows PE images and management tools.What steps are necessary to automate the end-to-end deployment process?The following steps are required:Configure your PXE boot policy to Always Continue PXE boot.Configure a default boot image.Create and associate an answer file for your Windows Deployment Services client unattend file.Create and associate an answer file for an install image.Configure clients to boot from hard disk and then PXE, to avoid boot loop.If necessary, configure multicast transmission.(More notes on the next slide)
25 1: Deploying and Maintaining Server Images 20411B1: Deploying and Maintaining Server ImagesToolsToolWhat it is used forWhere to find itWindows Deployment Services consoleAdministering Windows Deployment ServicesServer Manager - ToolsWDSutil.exeCommand-line management of Windows Deployment ServicesCommand lineWindows ADKManaging image files and creating answer filesDownload from Microsoft.comDism.exeOffline and online servicing of imagesNetsh.exeCommand-line tool for managing network-related settings