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Notes on Land, Long Run Food Security and The Agrarian Crisis in India Sheila Bhalla.

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Presentation on theme: "Notes on Land, Long Run Food Security and The Agrarian Crisis in India Sheila Bhalla."— Presentation transcript:

1 Notes on Land, Long Run Food Security and The Agrarian Crisis in India Sheila Bhalla

2 Three Interconnected Themes The international and Indian take on control over land (and water) The distinction between an agricultural crisis and an agrarian crisis The link between declining land/man ratios and slowed and negative growth in agricultural worker productivity

3 Two International Documents and Two Indian Documents The IFPRI Policy Brief (2009) Land Grabbing by Foreign Investors in Developing Countries The FAO Background paper (2011) on the Global Soil Partnership (GSP) An Indian Supreme Court Judgment (23 Nov.2011) Indias New National Water Policy 2012

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5 Household Ownership of Land: Rural India by NSS Rounds to 2003 Item th th th th th 1. Estimated number of households (million) Estimated area owned (million ha) Average area (ha) Owned per household 2.01 (1.78) 1.69 (1.53) 1.44 (1.28) 1.14 (1.01) 0.81 (0.73) 4. Estimated number of landless households Percentage of landless Households

6 Average Area Owned per Household by Social Group and Share in Households of each Social Group: Rural India, 2003 State Characte ristics Social Group STSCOBCOthersAll Rural Average Area Owned (ha) Share in Househol ds (%)

7 Share of Ownership Holdings by Size Category: Rural India by NSS Rounds, to 2003 Category of Holdings Share of Ownership Holdings by Size Category th th th th 1. Marginal (1.000 ha or less) Small ( ha) Semi- medium ( ha) Medium ( ha) Large (> ha)

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9 All India Rural Land/Man Ratios to

10 Trends in Per Worker Productivity in Agriculture, All India, with Notes on State Level Variations and Changes: , , , Agricultural Worker ProductivityAnnual Compound Growth Rates (Rs per Agricultural Worker, prices) (%) to to to to , 3335, , Coefficients of Variation for 17 States

11 CONTD States where Agricultural Labour Productivity Declined (Number and Name) States where Growth Rates Decelerated (Number and Name) to to to to over to to over to to out of 1711 out of 17 Bihar, Kerala, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal Bihar Gujarat Bihar, Haryana Assam, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh Bihar, Haryana, Himachal, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal Himachal Pradesh Tamil Nadu

12 Annual Compound Growth Rates of per Worker Productivity in Agriculture, Agricultural Workers, and Value of Agricultural Production (in constant prices) State to to to to Agric worker Productivity Agric Agric Output Agric worker Productivity Agric workers Agric Agric worker Productivity Agric Agric output Agric worker Agric workers Agric output work ers Outp ut work ers Andhra Pradesh Bihar Gujarat Haryana Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh

13 CONTD Maharashtra Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Tamil Nadu Uttar Pradesh West Bengal All India

14 Percent Contributions of Specified Factors to Differences in Agricultural Worker Productivity (Punjab versus others): All India Triennium Percent Contribution of Factors to Differences in Agricultural Worker Productivity Land/Man Ratio TechnologyCropping Intensity Infrastructur e Rural Literacy Residual

15 THANK YOU


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