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Migration and Urbanisation in India in the Context of Poverty Alleviation Amitabh Kundu.

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Presentation on theme: "Migration and Urbanisation in India in the Context of Poverty Alleviation Amitabh Kundu."— Presentation transcript:

1 Migration and Urbanisation in India in the Context of Poverty Alleviation Amitabh Kundu

2 Figure 1 Probability of being Poor by Migration Status Across Size Class of Towns

3 Figure 2 Probability of being Poor by Migration Status Across Levels of Education

4 Table 17A Age specific work participation rates by usual (principal) status in rural areas from various NSS rounds Age Group MenWomen 1993-941999-002004-051993-941999-002004-05 5-99521161 10-1411282541047449 15-19523475453264234222 20-24824823820318310284 25-29947942956354373367 30-34980974977407422424 35-39988981986435453482 40-44985981979440462475 45-49980977 438450483 50-54965949958407399436 55-59936919924337351394 60+683622630172174197 All538522535234231242

5 Table 17B Age specific work participation rates by usual (principal) status in urban areas from various NSS rounds Age Group MenWomen 1993-941999-002004-051993-941999-002004-05 5-9432311 10-14594644352824 15-19337303314948792 20-24654644662136130155 25-29892878900175161186 30-34961958965208198236 35-39982973975233235265 40-44980973977257242262 45-49971968965253234227 50-54941933925240225224 55-59845803819185181192 60+429386355918286 All513 541121117135

6 Table 15A Percentage of unemployed persons/person days to labour force/labour days in rural areas Year/round MaleFemale Usual principal + subsidiary status Weekly status Daily statusUsual Principal + subsidiary status Weekly status Daily status 1977–8 (32 nd )1.33.67.12.04.19.2 Jan–Dec 83 (38th)1.43.77.50.74.39.0 1987–8 (43 rd )1.84.24.62.44.49.0 1989–90 (45th)1.32.6-0.62.1- 1990–1 (46th)1.12.2-0.32.1- July–Dec 91 (47th)1.62.2-0.71.2- Jan–Dec 92 (48 th )1.22.2-0.61.2- 1993–4 (50 th )1.43.15.60.92.95.6 1994–5 (51st)1.01.8N/A0.41.2N/A 1995–6 (52nd)1.31.8N/A0.70.9N/A 1997 (53 rd )1.22N/A0.71.8N/A 1998 (54 th )2.12.9N/A1.52.7N/A 1999–2000 (55th)1.73.97.21.03.77.0 2004-05 (61 st ) 1.63.88.01.84.28.7

7 Table 15B Percentage of unemployed persons/person days to labour force/labour days in urban areas Year/Round MaleFemale Usual principal + subsidiary status Weekly status Daily statusUsual Principal + subsidiary status Weekly status Daily status 1977–8 (32nd)5.47.19.412.410.914.5 Jan–Dec 83 (38 th )5.16.79.24.97.511.0 1987–8 (43rd)5.26.68.86.29.212.0 1989–90 (45th)3.94.5-2.74- 1990–1 (46th)4.55.1-4.75.3- July–Dec 91 (47th)4.14.8-4.35.6- Jan–Dec 92 (48 th )4.34.6-5.86.2- 1993–4 (50 th )4.15.26.76.28.410.4 1994–5 (51st)3.43.9N/A3.44N/A 1995–6 (52nd)3.84.1N/A3.13.5N/A 1997 (53 rd )3.94.3N/A4.45.8N/A 1998 (54 th )5.15.4N/A6.87.8N/A 1999–2000 (55th)4.55.67.35.77.39.4 2004-05 (61 st ) 3.85.27.56.99.011.6

8 Table 16 Education level specific usual status WPR for persons of age 15 years and above MalesFemales 1993-941999-002004-051993-941999-002004-05 PSPS+ SSPSPS+ SSPSPS+ SSPSPS+ SSPSPS+ SSPSPS+ SS Rural Illiterates91.391.889.189.588.789.239.154.040.451.341.655.0 Literate upto primary89.890.987.288.088.789.528.641.630.340.332.744.9 Middle73.577.075.276.878.180.217.729.020.529.025.337.1 Secondary68.372.871.373.769.973.215.325.817.325.720.430.5 Higher secondary62.968.667.971.366.470.916.123.413.420.616.925.2 Diploma 78.382.1 39.652.3 Graduate and above79.283.480.283.681.885.129.336.626.931.028.534.5 All84.686.482.984.183.084.634.648.635.045.235.948.5 Urban Illiterates86.687.083.683.982.483.123.330.022.927.125.030.4 Literate upto primary84.485.082.483.085.185.515.020.314.617.718.623.4 Middle71.372.372.573.275.076.09.113.19.912.911.716.1 Secondary66.367.766.166.866.267.310.813.410.412.49.512.3 Higher secondary58.960.759.960.859.160.812.614.711.112.410.312.9 Diploma 77.279.8 42.348.6 Graduate and above80.781.879.780.678.579.528.230.125.227.326.529.0 All75.876.874.575.2 76.317.522.316.619.718.522.7


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