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Natural Resources Conservation Service Helping People Help the Land Introduction to Soil.

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Presentation on theme: "Natural Resources Conservation Service Helping People Help the Land Introduction to Soil."— Presentation transcript:

1 Natural Resources Conservation Service Helping People Help the Land Introduction to Soil

2 Do Now 1. Write down what you think the difference is between soil and dirt 2. List as many reasons you can think of why soil is important

3 Careers in Soil Science Soil and Plant Scientists from Careers.org Soil and Plant Scientists from Careers.org

4 SOIL Geologic definition: Loose surface of the earth as distinguished from solid bedrock; support of plant life not required. Geologic definition: Loose surface of the earth as distinguished from solid bedrock; support of plant life not required.

5 SOIL Traditional definition: Material which nourishes and supports growing plants; foundation of every living thing Traditional definition: Material which nourishes and supports growing plants; foundation of every living thing

6 Dirt Soil out of place and unable to serve its purpose Soil out of place and unable to serve its purpose

7 Importance of Soil Foundation for roads and structures Foundation for roads and structures Home to plants and animals Home to plants and animals Grow things in it Grow things in it Contains and filters water Contains and filters water Helps dispose of waste Helps dispose of waste Basis for recreation areas Basis for recreation areas

8 Soils Perform Several Vital Functions Sustaining plant and animal life below and above the surface Regulating and partitioning water and solute flow Filtering, buffering, degrading, immobilizing, and detoxifying Storing and cycling nutrients Providing support to structures

9 Soil Studies Can Be Incorporated Into Other Studies Science ecology, biology, chemistry Social Studies world trade, land use Mathematics soil loss over one hectare History settlement of the U.S., dust bowl Art soil crayons, acrylic paints

10 SOIL Mixture of mineral matter, organic matter, water, and air. Mixture of mineral matter, organic matter, water, and air. Properties of soil Properties of soil Properties of soil Properties of soil

11 Air 25% Mineral Matter 45% Water 25% Organic Matter 5% SOIL COMPONENTS

12 3 Fractions of Mineral Matter Sand Sand Silt Silt Clay Clay

13 Soils Are Alive Organism Types bacteriafungiprotozoanematodesarthropodsearthworms Roles & Benefits decomposition release nutrients create pores stabilize soils

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15 Scientific Names for Soils Should Be Used Like plants and animals, soils are classified Like plants and animals, soils are classified The system is called Soil Taxonomy The system is called Soil Taxonomy The highest level is the soil order (12) The highest level is the soil order (12) The lowest level is the soil series, often a place name The lowest level is the soil series, often a place name

16 USDA Textural Triangle USDA Textural Triangle

17 Soil Color Indicator of different soil types Indicator of different soil types Indicator of certain physical and chemical characteristics Indicator of certain physical and chemical characteristics Due to humus content and chemical nature of the iron compounds present in the soil Due to humus content and chemical nature of the iron compounds present in the soil

18 Want to learn more about soil? Visit NRCS website at the National Soil Survey Center at Visit NRCS website at the National Soil Survey Center at Prepared by Earl D. Lockridge National Soil Survey Center Lincoln, NE USDA NRCS ~ An equal opportunity provider and employer We KNOW Soil! Natural Resources Conservation Service Helping People Help the Land


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