Presentation on theme: "Cases of JICA’s Assistance on Water Resources Management in Africa"— Presentation transcript:
1 Cases of JICA’s Assistance on Water Resources Management in Africa February 4, 2013Katsuyoshi SudoJapan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
2 Japanese ODA and JICA JICA JICA is the implementing agency of Japanese bilateral ODAAn agreement between governments of a recipient country and Japan, based on an official request through the diplomatic channel, is a prerequisiteJapanese ODA and JICAFY 2012 BudgetJICAGrant:161.6 bil.JPY（Around 70% is implemented by JICA）Grant Aid※BilateralAidTechnical Cooperation: bil. JPY(General Account Expenditure Budget）Technical CooperationＯＤＡ(OfficialDevelopmentAssistance)Loan Aid (ODA loan)Bilateral Loan: bil. JPY（Loan and Investment Plan ）MultilateralAidInternational Organizations※Non-project Assistance and Emergency Grant Assistance remain with MOFA
3 Supporting AfWCCI: JICA’s Expectations Positive AspectsWater Resources Management: one of the JICA’s prioritiesIn line with the Japan’s initiative in GEOSSAppealing commitment in TIVAD V (5th Tokyo International Conference on African Development)LimitationsLimited experience of working with regional institutionsFormality of bilateral assistance (i.e. bilateral governmental agreement)Your suggestions are welcome!
4 What can JICA do to support AfWCCI? Technical Cooperation that can include:dispatch of JICA expertstraining of recipient institutions’ officials either in Japan, in the third countries or locallysupply of equipmentfinancial assistanceCommon form of JICA’s Technical Cooperation for Water Resources Management (WRM)Formulation of a specific or comprehensive WRM plan with capacity development
5 JICA’s support to WRM: 3 cases Formulation of a specific WRM planFlood management plan in Medjerda River Basin, TunisiaFormulation of a comprehensive WRM planNational water resources master plan in KenyaCase 2Formulation of a comprehensive WRM plan with more focus on capacity developmentNational water resources management and development master in NigeriaCase 3Another keyword: Incorporating Scientific Method
6 Flood Control Project for the Medjerda River Basin Case 1: TunisiaFlood Control Project for the Medjerda River Basin1. BackgroundIncreasing Flood events in the lower basin. (‘03, ‘04, ‘05, ’09 and ‘ No flood between ‘81 - ‘02. )TunisTunisia2. ObjectivesDetermination of design flood discharge (10-year return period)Development of flood control measures (structural & non-structural)3. FeaturesGeneration of spatiotemporal rainfall datafrom daily rain-gauge dataApplication of advanced hydrological model(WEB-DHM: Wang, Koike et al., 2009)Rain-gauge stationsSpatially continuoushourly rainfall dataSimulation results by:Interpolation of daily rainfall into hourlyMIKE BASINWEB-DHMFuture rainfall estimation with GCM results also to be incorporated…
7 Introduction to cases 2 & 3 JICA has supported formulation ofNational Water Resources Master PlansMacedonia(1999)The study on integrated water resources development and management master planBulgaria(2008)The Study on Integrated Water ManagementNigeria(1995 and 2011)The Study on the National Water Resources Master PlanReview and Update of the Nigeria National Water Resources Master PlanVietnam(2003)The study on nationwide water resources development and managementPhilippines(1998)Master plan study on water resources managementMalaysia(1982)National Water Resources StudyZambia(1995)The study on the national water resources master planKenya(2010)Development of the National Water Master Plan 2030Kenya(1992)The study on national water master planCote d'Ivoire(2001)Master plan study on integrated water resources management7
8 Introduction to cases 2 & 3 NWRMP: Building National Capacity on WRM from Field Observation to Strategy and ImplementationJICA’s supportto Capacity Developmentthrough elaboration of NWRMPInstitutional Capacity on:OutputsField ObservationBaseline InformationStrategies and plans based on actual and fundamental dataEvaluation of Water Resources PotentialWater Demand ProjectionDisaster Risk AssessmentStrategy FormulationNational WRM StrategyPlanningBasin Management PlansImplementation, Operation and MaintenanceNational Water Resources Master PlanMonitoring and Evaluation
9 National WR Master Plan taking climate change into account Case 2: KenyaNational WR Master Plan taking climate change into accountTo assess and evaluate availability, reliability, quality, and vulnerability of country’s water resources up to 2050 and recommend sound development and management of WR1. Projection of Future RainfallSelection of General Circulation Models (GCMs)Bias Correction of GCM OutputsEvaluation of Uncertainty of Projected Future ClimateEvaluation of Projected Future Climate of KenyaequalminusEvapotranspiration will increase by temperature increaseRainfall will increaseRainfall - EvapotranspirationChange of Annual RainfallChange ofAnnual Potential EvapThe changes in water resources availability (rainfall – evap.) are unevenly distributed. The western part of Kenya is expected to be more wetted, while the eastern part is anticipated to be drier.2. Rainfall – Runoff AnalysisPreparation of Rainfall-Runoff ModelEstimation of Future RunoffAssessment of Climate Change Impact to Runoff (River Flow)
10 the Nigeria IWRM Commission (NIWRMC) in 2008 Case 3: NigeriaCapacity Development of a newly established IWRM institution through review and update of the National WR master planNigerian Government’s commitment for IWRMEstablishment ofthe Nigeria IWRM Commission (NIWRMC) in 2008JICA’s supportPolicy and Strategy on IWRMFormulation of Catchment Management Plans (CMPs)Development of Institutional Capacity◆ CMPs for two Pilot BasinsNorth Niger (trans-boundary basin along River Niger)West Littoral10
11 Case 3: Nigeria Strengthening National Capacity for Managing Baseline Information for WRMNIWRMCEstablishment of Information Platform (incl. data analysis)InputRiver flow quantityCompiled dataResults of data analysis such as present and future Runoff estimationNigerian Hydrological Service AgencyJICA’s Technical AssistanceGroundwater levelNigerian Meteorological AgencyRainfallTo be shared nationally and internationallyRiver Basin Development AuthorityWater levels in riversInfrastructure Development Plans by Line MinistriesImproved Field ObservationTrans-boundary WRM plans11
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