Presentation on theme: "International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development Kathmandu, Nepal Current data gaps and data resources in HKH region Sagar Ratna Bajracharya"— Presentation transcript:
International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development Kathmandu, Nepal Current data gaps and data resources in HKH region Sagar Ratna Bajracharya email@example.com
www.icimod.org Vision: The mountain population of the greater Himalayas enjoys improved well-being in a sustainable global environment Mission: To enable and facilitate the equitable and sustainable well-being of the people of the Hindu Kush-Himalayas by supporting sustainable mountain development through active regional cooperation. ICIMOD – an intergovernmental organisation with 8 member countries
ICIMODs program focus 1.Sustainable Livelihoods and Poverty Reduction (SLPR) 2.Adaptation to Environmental Change and Ecosystem Services (ECES) 3.Integrated Water and Hazards Management (IWHM) IWHM Action areas: Monitoring and assessment of ice and water resources (including wetlands) Disaster Risk Reduction and community resilience Upstream-downstream benefit sharing and risk management Establishment of a regional ice and water -related database
WATER TOWER OF SOUTH ASIA! Sustaining over 2 b people in the River basins Impacting on food and energy production of 3 b people
Hydrological stations according to elevation The climatic information gathered, managed and analyzed helps decision-makers plan and adapt their activities and projects to expected conditions, which intern enables people to reduce risks and optimize socio-economic benefits.
Major gaps in the existing network of meteorological stations Spatial representation Altitudinal representation Temporal Homogeneity Data quality Cross boarder information and data sharing ( Information and data sharing are key issues regarding to the gaps in the HKH region. The information on number, types, location etc of hydro-meteorological stations which have been in operational at different countries of the region is not available entirely. The information is hard to gather particularly if those stations are not in operational network of WMO. Hence, development of modality and regional platform for sharing of information and data is very urgently needed.)
This analysis suggests that the spatial data gaps increases with increasing altitude. In addition, largest area in HKH region is occupied by 4000 m or higher altitudes. This will further make worse spatial representation of weather by observation at most of HKH region and strongly supports the AR4 which stated that the Himalayan region is a white spot in terms of meteorological data coverage. ( Source: Arun Bhakta Shrestha)
Sentinel Asia Initiatives Sentinel Asia led by the Asia- Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum to support disaster management activity JAXA WINDS Communication receiving station launched in ICIMOD Regional Server to access at ICIMOD to use WEB-GIS technology and space based technology, such as earth observation satellites data http://sentinelnp.icimod.org/
Pakistan Floods – Rapid Response Mapping MODIS Terra Satellite Data Landsat (Before and After Crisis) Aug 24, 2010 Sep 17, 2009 Regional and International Partners ( Source: Giriraj Amarnath)
Modified RFE as Flagship of the SRE project Before process in ICIMOD After process in ICIMOD
Establishment of a regional ice and water -related database Design and populate ICIMOD water, snow & ice and hazard database to share within the ICIMOD knowledge management framework http://www.ghwis.icimod.org:8081/wetlandsnew2/
Promoting Transect Approach for Ecosystem Monitoring Collaborative and complementary approach for long-term ecosystem monitoring; Common regional protocol and methodology Consistent time- series information to understand and adapt to the impacts of climate change
SERVIR has been recognized by the Group on Earth Observations as an early achiever of the GEO vision
SERVIR Facility at NASA SERVIR-Mesoamerica SERVIR-Africa SERVIR-Himalaya
SERVIR ~ to serve SERVIR is an earth observation, monitoring, and visualization system that integrates satellite and other geospatial data for improved scientific knowledge and decision-making by managers, researchers, students, and the general public; SERVIR provides a model for capacity building of countries to use earth observations and geospatial information technologies thorough partnership and networking; ( Source: Basanta Shrestha)
Special observation systems ( Project) in the HKH region A number of initiatives currently implemented in the region, which operate specialized observatories for monitoring hydro-meteorological parameters STORM Program Third Pole Environmental Program ( TPE) Finnish Nepalese Project Irrigation and Water Resources Management Project(IWRMP) DANIDA Program French Program ICIMOD Establishment of Regional Flood Information System ( HKH-HYCOS) The Water and Power Development Authority( WAPDA) Climate Tower Station at High Altitude for research on the Environment (SHARE) GEWEX Asian Monsoon Experiment ( GAME) Tibet Project
Conclusion Data gaps exert major hindrance in the study climate change and impact, although those subject need more thorough investigation. Information and data sharing are key issues regarding to the gaps in the HKH region and there should development of modality and regional platform for sharing of information and data is very urgently needed among the neighboring countries. In HKH region the details of the climate normal, and their variability and trend are still poorly understood particularly over the mountainous area due to difficulties of establishing and maintaining the observation networks, problem associated with measurement of solid precipitation, representativeness of measured precipitation in windy condition etc.
Conclusion Inventory of rain gauge data available in the HKH region, Hydro-met Database Development and Current Status of Rain gauge Station of entire HKH. Modified RFE product Inventory of Glaciers, Glacial lakes and GLOF in the Himalaya. Inventory of Himalayan Wetland
Thank You for your Attention and Namaste! GEOSS support for IPCC assessments A workshop on the data needs of the climate impacts, adaptation and vulnerability research community 1 – 4 February 2011, Geneva For more information seewww.icimod.org
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.